Section 812 of the Clean Act Amendments of 1990 mandated that EPA create a Council to provide independent advice on technical and economic aspects of EPA analyses and reports on the impacts of the Clean Air Act on public health, economy, and the environment of the United States.
The Council has provided advice to EPA in development of two major Agency reports:
- The Council advises the Agency on the major goals, objectives, methodologies, and analytical choices for each major study of the costs and benefits of the Clean Air Act before the studies are implemented. The Council also peer reviews the Agency's final study.
- The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act: 1970 to 1990 (submitted to Congress in October 1997 and informally called the "retrospective study")
- The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act, 1990 to 2010 (submitted to Congress in November 1999 and informally called the "first prospective study")
The Council has also provided advice to help the Agency develop a forthcoming "second prospective study" (covering the time period 2000-2020).