Corrective Action | Region 10 | US EPA

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Corrective Action

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Region 10 Environmental Indicator (EI) Progress
Overview of the Corrective Action Program

Corrective Action is an EPA program designed to investigate and guide the cleanup of any contaminated air, groundwater, surface water, or soil from hazardous waste management of spills or releases into the environment. These releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents are a result of the past and present activities at RCRA-regulated facilities.
    Enforcement of corrective action
    The EPA enforces corrective action through statutory authorities established by the 1984 Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA). Through HSWA, Congress expanded EPA's corrective action authority to initiate corrective action at both RCRA permitted facilities and facilities operating under interim status. When a facility is obtaining a permit, or when a facility has an existing permit, EPA can incorporate corrective action into the permit requirements through:
    • Section 3004(u) which addresses releases from solid waste management units (SWMUs) in a facility's permit. A SWMU is any unit where solid or hazardous wastes have been placed at any time, or any area where solid wastes have been routinely and systematically released.
    • Section 3004(v) which addresses releases that have migrated beyond the facility boundary.
    • Section 3005(c)(3) also known as the "Omnibus Permitting Authority" allows EPA or an authorized state agency to include any requirements deemed necessary in a permit, including the requirement to perform corrective action.
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