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Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
  Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont & 9 Tribal Nations
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Site Type: Short Term/Removal (SHORT) Click to see more about Site Type and how it is used?


Plainfield,  Connecticut
Windham County
Street Address: 53 - 59 Brunswick Avenue
Zip Code: 06374

EPA ID #: CTN000103152
Site ID #: 0103152
Site Alias:

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The Brunswick Mill site is located at 57-59 Brunswick Avenue in Plainfield, Windham County, Connecticut. Geographic coordinates are 41B 43' 02" north longitude and 71B 51' 44" west latitude. The site is bordered to the north by the Moosup River and North Main Street (Route 14), to the east by the Moosup River, to the south by a private residence and the town sewer pump station, and to the west by private residences. The site includes an abandoned two-story office building, a demolished three-story mill building, and a garage, all of which are situated on a 9.6-acre lot. The mill building was destroyed by a fire on October 21, 2000, but the northern and eastern portions of the mill have remained intact. The majority of the mill building is in a state of disrepair with portions having collapsed on to themselves or into the Moosup River. Summit Hydropower currently leases the part of the mill building to generate hydroelectric power.

The site was owned and operated by a defunct business, Brunswick Worsted Mills, Inc. (Brunswick) and is located adjacent to another mill operated by a related company, Carvill Combing Company (Carvill). Industrial operations took place at both facilities from the 1890s until the 1970s. In 1997, The Cadle Company, Inc., (Cadle) obtained title to both properties.

From January 16, 2001 to October 31, 2001, EPA conducted a Removal Program Preliminary Assessment/Site Inspection (PA/SI) and noted the following:

- Public access to the site from Brunswick Avenue was unrestricted due to gaps in the perimeter fence. Pedestrian access was unrestricted from the north, though there was a gate to restrict vehicular access.
- Miscellaneous piles of building debris containing asbestos were scattered throughout the property. Asbestos was noted at concentrations ranging from <1% to 70% in the Supplemental Site Assessment Report dated October 18, 2001 prepared by Aaron Environmental for the PRP.
- Two propane cylinders were located outside the boiler room along the eastern wall of the mill. The cylinders appeared to be plumbed into the boiler room.
- One 55-gallon polyethylene drum labeled “acetic acid” was located in the basement of the eastern portion of the mill.- Two 20,000-gallon underground storage tanks (USTs) were located in a concrete containment area behind the northern portion of the mill.
- A mixed debris pile of industrial and household waste was located behind the garage.
- One 5-gallon pail of unknown material was found with a Department of Transportation (DOT) Class 3 Flammable Liquids label.
- Two small areas covered with ash-like material, one of which was located on the west bank of the Moosup River, and the second area was located at the top of the hill in the wooded area north of the mill.
- An open water pit was located at the top of the hill north of the mill.

Nine (9) surface soil, three (3) subsurface soil and two (2) debris samples were taken at various locations throughout the Site. One (1) water sample was taken from the water pit. Acetone was found at concentrations ranging from 6.1 parts-per-million (ppm) to 14 ppm in subsurface soil samples. 25 ppm of acetone was also found in the surface water sample taken from the water pit. Total polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was found at concentrations ranging from <10 ppm to 51 ppm in ash. Beryllium was found at concentrations ranging from 3.9 ppm to 4.6 ppm in ash.

Current Status
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In late 2002, EPA issued an Action Memorandum authorizing a short-term cleanup (Removal Action) at the site. The proposed removal action will include, but is not limited to, the following:
- Providing site security measures (including, but not limited to, repairing existing chain-link fence and/or installing a new chain-link fence) to restrict access. If deemed necessary, provide security guard service.
- Conducting topographical (land and aerial) survey to establish base line reference (e.g., elevation) for further removal planning.
- Conducting structural evaluation of the building, the dam and its hydroelectric power plant and implement the recommendations as required in order to allow safer access to these areas for the cleanup.
- Conducting additional sampling including, but not limited to conducting soil, water and sediment sampling to further delineate the nature and the extent of contamination on-site and installation of monitoring wells. The result of the sampling will be used to estimate the volume of the waste that needs to be removed or otherwise stabilized/treated.
- Sampling, staging, analyzing, removing and disposing of drums.
- Segregating, stockpiling and disposing of asbestos-contaminated debris to a CERCLA-approved disposal facility.
- Evaluating cleanup methods for the water pit and soil contamination. Data obtained from sampling soil, water and sediment will be used to determine the appropriate removal cleanup methods. The removal methods to be considered include removing (via excavation, treatment and disposal), or otherwise stabilizing the contaminated soils and/or a combination of all of the above. The method selected will eliminate the threat of direct public contact with contaminated soil and will also reduce the potential for off-site migration.
- Conducting building demolition and/or reinforcement and site stabilization/restoration activities will be conducted in accordance with an engineer-designed plan.
- Performing applicable air monitoring, environmental sampling and monitoring including soil and/or water testing during the removal.
- Performing land survey and document the site conditions with as-built drawings if deemed necessary.

EPA will coordinate with CT DEP, the Town of Plainfield, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and other stakeholders throughout the removal.

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Links to Other Information
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Public Record Locations
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OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440

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On-Scene Coordinator
Address: One Congress Street, Suite 1100 (HBR), Boston, MA 02114-2023
Phone #:617-918-1231
E-Mail Address:tsang.janis@epa.gov


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 10 Tribal Nations
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Last updated on Wednesday, December 12th, 2007
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