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United States Environmental Protection Agency
Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
  Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont & 9 Tribal Nations
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Map this site in Cleanups in My Community
 Barkhamsted,  Connecticut
 Litchfield County
 Street Address: ROUTE 44
 Zip Code: 06063

 EPA ID #: CTD980732333
 Site ID #: 0100255
 Site Aliases:

 Site Responsibility: Federal, State, Potentially Responsible Parties

 Proposed Date 06/24/1988
 Final Date 10/04/1989

Site Description
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The Barkhamsted-New Hartford Landfill site (Site) encompasses 98 acres near the Barkhamsted and New Hartford town line. An unnamed brook borders the Site to the southwest and the north and flows through a wetland to the Farmington River. The surrounding area is rural and residential. Many private wells and a municipal water supply well serving an estimated 4,800 people are located within 3 miles of the Site. Since 1974, the Site has been owned and operated by the Regional Refuse Disposal District One. The unlined landfill accepted municipal and industrial wastes, including oily metal grindings and sludge containing heavy metals. A barrel-crushing operation to reclaim metals was also located on Site. In 1983, leaking drums containing hazardous solvents were observed on Site during a State inspection. Tests indicated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were present in shallow and deep wells on Site. The Site was closed under State solid waste regulations.

In the fall of 1999, under the direction of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (now the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, CT DEEP), the landfill owner installed an impermeable landfill cap, a runoff and landfill liquid collection and treatment system, and a system to capture landfill gases. EPA issued a Record of Decision for the groundwater remedy in September 2001. EPA's cleanup plan included natural attenuation with long-term monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and sediment, along with the implementation of institutional controls to prevent ingestion of and contact with contaminated groundwater. Today the Site supports uses including an active waste transfer station, recycling area, and a maintenance and office building.

Threats and Contaminants
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Since the completion of the remedy 1999, there are have been no current threats to human health or to the environment. No one is drinking contaminated groundwater and no one is in contact with contaminated soils which have been capped and fenced.

Cleanup Approach
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The Site was addressed in two stages: initial actions and a long-term remedial phase focusing on cleanup of the entire site.

Response Action Status
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Initial Action The Farmington Valley Health District shut down the on-site well serving the landfill office because of VOC contamination.

Entire Site In the fall of 1991, a remedial investigation (RI) was conducted to determine the nature and extent of Site contamination. The RI was completed in February 1996. Additionally, EPA issued an Action Memo for the source control remedy (i.e., landfill cap) in June 1996. EPA and CT DEEP also reached agreement in 1996 that enabled the landfill owner to design measures to contain and treat contamination. This work was enforced by CT DEEP as a result of an August 1996 Consent Order with potentially responsible parties. Under the terms of the agreement, the landfill owner retained a consultant to design a protective cap for the landfill, a system to collect and treat runoff and contaminated leachate, and a system to capture landfill gases. The physical construction of the landfill cap was complete in the fall of 1999. EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) for the groundwater remedy in September 2001. The major components of the remedy are:
1. Remediation of groundwater to meet cleanup levels by natural attenuation within a 16 year time frame;

2. Installation of groundwater monitoring wells in the down-gradient part of the plume;

3. Institutional Controls to prevent ingestion and contact with contaminated groundwater. Institutional controls for this Site include environmental land use restrictions (ELURs) restricting present and future uses and groundwater use;

4. A public education program involving informational meetings and/or mailings to discuss potential Site hazards;

5. Long Term Monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and sediment to evaluate changes over time and to evaluate the success of the remedial action; and

6. Five Year Reviews.

Institutional controls in the form of ELURs were implemented in the fall of 2003. A second five year review was also completed in September 2008, and concluded that the cleanup remains protective of public health and the environment.

Environmental Progress
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The contaminated water source was removed from service and the landfill Site was capped and fenced in 1999. The Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) for groundwater was finalized during the summer of 2001. Sampling in 2000 provided the results necessary upon which to base a final remedy decision. A Record of Decision (ROD) was issued in September 2001, and completion of landfill cap construction also occurred in 2001. New monitoring wells were installed in 2003.

Current Site Status
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The groundwater continues to be remediated through natural attenuation and monitored through the long term monitoring program. The initial expected time frame for groundwater to meet regulatory standards was sixteen years. Although groundwater levels are improving with time, those standards have not been met in the 16-year time frame. Thus, the potentially responsible party is re-evaluating and estimating a new time frame for clean up standards to be met based on additional groundwater collected throughout the long-term monitoring program; this new time frame will be addressed before the next Five Year Review (FYR) of the Site. EPA, in consultation with CT DEEP, continues to perform FYRs to assess if the remedy continues to be effective and protective of human health and the environment. The last FYR was completed in September 2013 which found the remedy to be effective and protective. The next FYR will be performed in the year 2018. Reports are available on this website.

Site Photos
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SDMS 452900

Links to Other Site Information
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Disclaimer Instructions about PDF

Newsletters & Press Releases:
Press Releases about this Project  

Federal Register Notices:
Final NPL Listing  

Administrative Records:
Non-Time Critical Removal Action (NTCRA) Administrative Record (AR) Index, December 14, 1994 (206 KB)  
Record of Decision (ROD) Administrative Record (AR) Index, September 28, 2001 (220 KB)  
Administrative Record Collections  

Reports and Studies:
Proposed Cleanup Plan, June 2001 (1.7 MB)  
Five Year Review Report, September 22, 2003 (1950KB)  
Reuse Assessment, September 2004 (7.98MB)  
Second Five Year Review Report, September 19, 2008 (12 MB)  
Third Five Year Review Report, September 30, 2013 (12.7 MB)  

Decision Documents:
View Records of Decision (RODS) on-line (EPA HQ)  
Record of Decision, September 28, 2001 (1766K)  
Institutional Controls for this site  

Settlement Documents:
Consent Decree, September 28, 2002 (13.6 MB)  

Other Links:
NPL Site Narrative at Listing:  
Site Progress Profile  
Document Collections  

Site Repositories
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Beardsley & Memorial Library, 690 Main Street, Winsted, CT 06094

OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440

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EPA Remedial Project Manager: Almerinda Silva
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Square, Suite 100
Mail Code: OSRR07-4
Boston, MA 02109-3912
Phone #: 617-918-1246
E-Mail Address: silva.almerinda@epa.gov

EPA Community Involvement Coordinator: Rudy Brown
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Square, Suite 100
Mail Code: ORA01-1
Boston, MA 02109-3912
Phone #: 617-918-1031
E-Mail Address: brown.rudy@epa.gov

State Agency Contact: Maurice Hamel
Address: CT Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection
79 Elm St
Hartford, CT 01605
Phone #: 860-424-3787
E-Mail Address: maurice.hamel@po.state.ct.us


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 10 Tribal Nations
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Last updated on Tuesday, November 3rd, 2015
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/barkhamsted