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Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
  Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont & 9 Tribal Nations
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Map this site in Cleanups in My Communities
 Kingston,  New Hampshire
 Rockingham County
 Street Address: HAVERHILL RD RTE 125
 Zip Code: 03848

 EPA ID #: NHD990717647
 Site ID #: 0101210
 Site Aliases: Kingston Steel Drum/GRT Lakes Container, GLCC, KSD/GLCC

 Site Responsibility: Federal, State

 Proposed Date 10/23/1981
 Final Date 09/08/1983

Site Description
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The 35-acre Ottati & Goss/Kingston Steel Drum site contains a 1-acre parcel in the southwestern portion that was leased and known as the Ottati & Goss (O&G) area and a 6-acre Great Lakes Container Corporation (GLCC) area consisting of a rectangular parcel bordered on the east by Route 125. From the late 1950s through 1967, Conway Barrel & Drum Company (CBD) owned the site and performed drum reconditioning operations on the parcel of land later owned by the Great Lakes Container Corporation. The reconditioning operations included caustic rinsing of drums and disposal of the rinse water in a dry well near South Brook. Kingston Steel Drum, the operator of the facility since 1967, continued the same operations as GLCC through 1973. South Brook and Country Pond became polluted, so CBD established leaching pits in an area removed from South Brook. The New Hampshire's Water Supply and Pollution Control Commission reported on-site runoff and seepage from the leaching pits draining into South Brook and eventually into Country Pond, where fish kills occurred. In addition, vegetation along South Brook died and swimmers experienced skin irritations. In 1973, International Mineral & Chemical Corporation (IMC) purchased the drum and reconditioning plant and operated it until 1976. In 1978, heavy sludges from the wash tank and from drains, as well as residues from incinerator operations, were brought to the O&G site for processing. After O&G operations ceased in 1979, the New Hampshire Bureau of Solid Waste Management ordered the owners and operators not to restart operations and to remove approximately 4,400 drums that were at various stages of deterioration and were spilling organic compounds onto the ground. Approximately 450 people live within a 1-mile radius of the site. Most of these residents rely on bedrock wells for their water supply. An estimated 4,500 people live within 3 miles of the site. A marshy area lies downgradient of the site. The Powwow River and Country Pond, which are located nearby, are used for swimming and fishing.

Threats and Contaminants
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The groundwater, surface water, and soils have been contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The on-site soil also contained polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, and acid and base/neutral compounds. Sampling conducted in 1989 indicated that no current public health threat was likely at the site; however, there was a potential for future threats due to contaminated groundwater off-site. The overburden and bedrock aquifers are contaminated, but residential water supply wells show no contamination. Some PCBs have migrated into South Brook; however, no PCBs have been detected in Country Pond surface waters. The adjacent marshlands are considered to be an environmentally sensitive area and had been partially contaminated with PCBs.

Cleanup Approach
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The site is being addressed in four stages: initial actions and three long-term remedial phases concentrating on soil excavation at the Ottati & Goss area, groundwater cleanup, and soil cleanup at the Kingston Steel Drum area.

Response Action Status
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Initial Action Beginning in 1980, several actions were taken including securing the site with fencing; packing and removing leaking drums; and removing contaminated soils and debris. Approximately 12,800 tons of soil, drums, and metals; 101,700 tons of flammable sludge; 6,000 cubic yards of flammable liquid; and other materials were removed.

Ottati & Goss Area Soil Excavation Based on the results of the site investigation conducted by the EPA, the selected remedy included excavating and treating the contaminated soil on the O&G portion of the site. The parties potentially responsible for this portion of the overall site contamination excavated approximately 4,700 cubic yards of contaminated soil and sediments, which were treated on-site by low temperature thermal aeration. The cleanup action was completed in 1989.

Groundwater, OU3 The design of the selected remedy for OU 3, extraction and treatment of the groundwater from both the Kingston Steel Drum and the Ottati & Goss portions of the site, was completed in the fall of 1996 (considered to be OU 2 at the time). Treated groundwater was to be disposed of by injecting the effluent into the ground on site. However, the construction of the treatment system was placed on hold pending completion of OU 4 (see below) and a review of the potential for natural attenuation to address the groundwater contamination. Subsequently, OU 2 was superseded by the OU 3 remedial design activities which began in 2004.
OU 3 activities have included groundwater monitoring, an aquifer pump test, and a treatability study to assess the viability of using mobile treatment facilities rather than a permanent groundwater treatment facility. These evaluations resulted in a decision to re-examine the groundwater extraction and treatment system selected in the 1987 Record of Decision (ROD).

Based on the information and data collected since the issuance of the 1987 ROD and after the careful study of alternative groundwater cleanup technologies, the EPA believes that in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) is a better approach to cleaning the groundwater at the Site than the groundwater extraction and treatment system selected in the 1987 ROD. EPA issued an amendment to the 1987 ROD in September 2007 that changes the groundwater remedy to ISCO. The information and data which supports the fundamental change to the groundwater component of the 1987 ROD is summarized in the September 2007 Amended ROD (Part 2, Section III).

The first round of oxidant injections using base activated sodium persulfate was performed during the summer of 2008. A second round of oxidant injections started on September 10, 2009 and was completed on October 16, 2009. Recovery Act funds were used to fund the 2009 injections. A third round of injections was completed in October 2010.

Kingston Steel Drum Soil Excavation, OU 4 The EPA selected remedy for the Kingston Steel Drum area and the remainder of the site was similar to the soil excavation and cleanup previously performed on the O&G portion of the site (as noted above). Cleanup of adjacent stream sediment was also to be addressed as part of OU 4. In 1993, the EPA completed OU 4. - Phase 1, the demolition of the 20,000 square foot building. Sixteen underground storage tanks were simultaneously removed from below and adjacent to the building. Building materials were recycled or disposed of off-site. Incineration alternatives were reviewed for treatment of the VOC- and PCB-contaminated soil and an alternatives evaluation was completed in 1997. The conclusion of this evaluation was that using thermal desorption was more cost-effective than the 1987 Record of Decision (ROD) selected alternative involving incineration. Consequently, the OU 4. - Phase 2 remedy used thermal desorption for the remaining soil remediation work at the site. An Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) was issued in September 1999 which addressed changes in: volume of soils to be excavated and treated, remediation technology (incineration to thermal desorption), and in future use (residential to commercial). An additional ESD was issued on February 7, 2002 to inform the public of a further change in the selected remedy. More specifically, the ROD and 1999 ESD included destruction of PCBs using incineration as part of the remedy. The 2002 ESD documented a change from incineration of the PCB contaminated filter cake to placing the filter cake in an appropriate landfill because of cost-effectiveness reasons.
The soils and sediment remediation for OU 4. was initiated in February 2001 and completed in the fall of 2002. The total cost of this cleanup effort was about $20 million. The work included excavation and treatment of 72,347 ton of soil from the Kingston Steel Drum portion of the site. The wetland remediation included excavation and disposal of 9,600 tons of sediment and wetland material. Wetland restoration included the placement of over 20,000 cubic yards of manufactured wetland material. More than 1,000 trees and shrubs were planted as part of the six acre restoration effort. Plantings included red maple, yellow birch, swamp white oak, silky dogwood, elderberry, high bush blueberry, winterberry, pussy willow, serviceberry and red chokeberry. Final inspection for OU 4 occurred on October 1, 2002.

OU 4 Wetland Restoration The wetland restoration has been monitored to evaluate the success of the restoration plan on an annual basis. Invasive species, such as phragmities, knotweed and purple loosestrife has been found. Several actions to control and eliminate the knotweed and phragmities were undertaken in 2005 and 2006. Additional plantings of small trees such as red maple, birch and cherry was also done in 2005 and 2006 to replace trees lost to trunk girdling by small mammals during winter snow packs. With the exception of the establishment of a small tree over story and the introduction of invasive species, the wetland restoration has been a success. Additional plantings were done in the spring of 2007 and invasive species control was accomplished in August and September 2007. An evaluation of the wetlands restoration progress and the invasive species control performed to date is expected to continue as needed.

Enforcement HighlightsThe EPA and several parties potentially responsible entered into a Consent Decree requiring these parties to perform soil cleanup on the O&G portion of the site. The remaining potentially responsible parties were required to compensate EPA for the rest of the cleanup. This was done through a Consent Decree signed in 1993. Subsequently, the site has been fund-lead.

Environmental Progress
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The removal of contaminated soils, building, sediments and three rounds of ISCO injections have significantly reduced the potential for exposure to contamination at the Ottati & Goss/Kingston Steel Drum site. Institutional controls are in place to prevent exposure to site related contaminants until the cleanup goals are achieved.

Current Site Status
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OU 4 soil and sediment cleanup activities were started in 2001 and completed in the fall of 2002. Wetland restoration activities were monitored in 2004, and several invasive species have been identified, including phragmities, cattail, purple loosestrife, and knotweed. Efforts to control invasive species were done in 2005 - 2010. The invasive species control efforts have been successful in reducing the problem and will continue as needed.

The newly selected ground water remediation strategy (ISCO), which is the final cleanup action required at the site, is currently being implemented. The first round of injections were completed in the summer of 2008. The second of three planned injection rounds started in September 2009 and was completed in October 2009. The approximately $2,000,000 of Recovery Act Funds received were sufficient to fund the 2009 injections and the ongoing environmental monitoring of the site. A third round of injections were completed in October 2010. Performance monitoring results from 2011 and 2012 indicate that the ISCO injections have been effective at reducing contaminant mass. The Fifth Five-Year Review report for the site was issued in May 2014. No additional ISCO injections are currently planned. An additional performance monitoring event was performed in May 2015.

Site Photos
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SDMS 452177
ARRA project sign, August 2009

SDMS 452176
2009 ISCO injection areas (background and foreground)
SDMS 452950
Restored Wetland

Links to Other Site Information
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Disclaimer Instructions about PDF

Newsletters & Press Releases:
Press Releases about this project  
Fact Sheet: Site Summaries, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, August 1, 2010 (1.15 MB)  

Federal Register Notices:
Final NPL Listing  

Administrative Records:
Administrative Record - Index Only, Operable Unit 3 Record of Decision (ROD), October 1, 2007 (403.87 KB)  
Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) Administrative Record - Index Only, Operable Unit 01, September 28, 1999 (184 KB)  

Reports and Studies:
First Five Year Review Report, December 15, 1993 (563KB)  
Second Five Year Report, December 11, 1998 (1020KB)  
Third Five Year Review Report, December 29, 2003 (691 KB)  
Final Proposed Plan, July 2007 (917 KB)  
Preliminary Close Out Report, September 19, 2008 (15.3MB)  
Fourth Five Year Review Report, February 12, 2009 (4.20 MB)  
Remedial Action Report, Operable Unit 3, October 11, 2012 (8.8 MB)  
Fifth Five Year Review Report, May 14, 2014 (9 MB)  

Decision Documents:
View Records of Decision (RODS) on-line (EPA HQ)  
Record of Decision, January 16, 1987 (1738K)  
Explanation of Significant Differences, September 28, 1999 (1402K)  
Explanation of Significant Differences, February 7, 2002 (849K)  
Notice of Activity and Use Restriction, October 6, 2006 (1.34 MB)  
Amended Record of Decision, Operable Unit 3, September 26, 2007 (4.52 MB)  
Institutional Controls at this Site  

Other Links:
NPL Site Narrative at Listing:  
Site Progress Profile  

Site Repositories
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Kingston Town Hall, Main Street, Kingston, NH 03848

OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440

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EPA Remedial Project Manager: Jim Brown
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Square, Suite 100
Mail Code OSRR07-4
Boston, MA 02109-3912
Phone #: 617-918-1308
E-Mail Address: brown.jim@epa.gov

EPA Community Involvement Coordinator: Rodney Elliott
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
New England Regional Laboratory
11 Technology Drive
Chelmsford, MA 01863-243
Phone #: 617-918-8372
E-Mail Address: elliott.rodney@epa.gov

State Agency Contact: Andrew Hoffman
Address: 29 Hazen Drive
P.O. Box 95
Concord, NH 03302-0095
Phone #: 603-271-6778
E-Mail Address: andrew.hoffman@des.nh.gov


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Last updated on Wednesday, November 4th, 2015
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/o&g