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Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
  Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont & 9 Tribal Nations
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 Site Type: Long Term/National Priorities List (NPL) Click to see more about Site Type and how it is used?


Map this site in Cleanups in My Community
 Corinna,  Maine
 Penobscot County
 Street Address: MAIN STREET
 Zip Code: 04928

 EPA ID #: MED980915474
 Site ID #: 0101043
 Site Aliases:

 Site Responsibility: Federal

 Proposed Date 04/23/1999
 Final Date 07/22/1999

Site Description
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The Site includes the former Eastland Woolen Mill and the local areas contaminated by the release of hazardous substances from the Eastland Woolen Mill. Eastland Woolen Mill was a textile mill that began operation in approximately 1909. The former Eastland Woolen Mill structure includes several connected building with a floor space of approximately 250,000 square feet. The Eastland Woolen Mill ceased operation in 1996 and the majority of the mill property is now owned by the Town of Corinna. Hazardous substances were likely used throughout the entire operating history of the mill. Chlorobenzenes were reportedly used in large quantities from the 1960's through closure. Chlorobenzenes are a major component of the dye-aid used in the dye kettles to add color to the wool. The original disposal practice was to discharge the waste either directly into the East Branch of the Sebasticook River or into a tail race that led to the river. In addition, wastes were also dumped directly onto the concrete floors and allowed to infiltrate the floor or flow over the floor toward the river. As a result of the disposal practices several water supply wells have been impacted and the East Branch of the Sebasticook River has been significantly contaminated.

Threats and Contaminants
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Sampling by the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (MEDEP) and EPA identified chlorobenzenes (mono, di, tri, and tetra) in the soil, groundwater, surface water, and sediment. Non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) were detected in the soil beneath the building and the river. Groundwater contamination had spread to local water supply wells, including a multi-unit retirement community. The site cleanup activities have eliminated all present threats to human health and the environment but the groundwater contamination continues to represent a threat to future users of groundwater.

Cleanup Approach
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The site is being addressed in four cleanup phases: an initial removal of hazardous materials by the MEDEP; a non-time critical removal action (NTCRA); and the remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS)/long-term remedial action (RA) for groundwater, designated at Operable Unit I, and the RI/FS and RA for sediments and floodplain contamination designated as OU II .

Response Action Status
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Initial Action In 1995, a water supply line was installed to serve the downtown area of Corinna. In 1997, the MEDEP performed an emergency response action to remove 54,673 pounds of various hazardous substances from process pipes, containers, and vessels located within the Eastland Woolen Mill.

Early Response Actions EPA signed an Action Memorandum in July 1999 initiating a non-time critical removal action (NTCRA) at the Site. The NTCRA, which began in November 1999, involved the removal of contaminated soils beneath the building and river. From November 1999 - December 2003, EPA removed the former Eastland Woolen Mill and 75,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil. EPA completed the treatment of the contaminated soil in October 2003. Additional work to address deep overburden soil contamination was implemented from 2004 to 2005. The NTCRA program was completed in 2006 and the remaining site cleanup activities are being performed as part of the Remedial Action.

Entire Site EPA initiated the RI/FS in April 1999 and completed the field activities in 2001. A Record of Decision (ROD) for Operable Unit I (groundwater) was signed in September 2002 and a ROD for Operable Unit II (sediments and floodplain) was signed in 2004. In September 2006, EPA signed an amendment to the 2001 Record of Decision to eliminate the long-term groundwater treatment system from the Remedial Action. This decision was based on the ability of the in-situ injection treatment program and institutional controls to protect public health from future ingestion of contaminated groundwater. The entire site achieved construction completion status in 2006. EPA continues to implement the in-situ cleanup program and is evaluating whether additional reagent injections are necessary to meet the cleanup goals.

Please Edit this Label In 2012, EPA completed a partial deletion to make the majority of the Site available for re-use.

Environmental Progress
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The removal of the hazardous materials, installation of the water line, and removal of the mill have reduced the potential for risk to human health and the environment. Approximately 30,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil was removed from the ground in 2000. In 2001, an additional 50,000 cubic yards of material was removed. The contaminated soil have been screened and stockpiled in anticipation of treatment. This material no longer acts as a source of groundwater, surface water, and sediment contamination. The treatment of the soil began in June 2002. The NTCRA involved the treatment of 100,000 tons of soil, removing about 10,000 pounds of contamination from the soil. The treatment of the excavated soil was completed in October 2003. Treatment of deep overburden soil using in-situ reagents is on-going. The Remedial Design for the groundwater restoration cleanup was completed in 2006. The construction of the Remedial Action was also completed in 2006 and the site achieve construction completion status. EPA is currently implementing the in-situ oxidation program to reduce the level of contamination in the overburden and bedrock groundwater. EPA plans to monitor the groundwater for the next several years to assess the success of he in-situ oxidation program. EPA also completed the first Five Year Review in 2010. In 2012, EPA completed a partial deletion action to remove 80% of the land area from NPL designation and facilitate re-use. EPA will be performing the second Five-Year Review in 2015.

Current Site Status
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EPA is currently evaluating the effect of the the in-situ oxidation program on the contamination in the overburden and bedrock groundwater. EPA continues to monitor the groundwater and surface water at the Site. EPA is also working with MEDEP to complete the implementation of the land use restrictions required by the cleanup.

Site Photos
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Links to Other Site Information
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Disclaimer Instructions about PDF
Maps and Photos:
Eastland Woolen Mill Photograph History, July 2012 (2.17 MB)  

Newsletters & Press Releases:
Press Releases about this project  
Community Update #9: Investigation Program Complete/Early Cleanup Continues, May 2002 (1.4 MB)  
Community Update #11: Soil Treatment Continues/Groundwater Cleanup to Begin, April 2003 (16KB)  
Community Update #12: Soil Treatment Completed, March 2004 (2.8 MB)  
Community Update #13: Re-Use Success at Eastland Woolen Mill, February 23, 2006 (1 MB)  
Fact Sheet: Site Update, July 2012 (1.03 MB)  
Public Notice: July 24, 2012 Public Meeting, July 2012 (425 KB)  
Public Information Meeting Presentation on Partial Deletion, July 24, 2012 (4.24 MB)  
Public Notice: EPA Proposes Deletion of Portions the Eastland Woolen Mill Superfund Site, August 2, 2012 (238 KB)   

Federal Register Notices:
Final NPL Listing  
Partial NPL Deletion  
Federal Register Notice of Intent to Partially Delete (NOIPD), August 2, 2012 (313 KB)  

Administrative Records:
Non-Time Critical Removal Action (NTCRA) Administrative Record Index, July 22, 1999  
Index Only: Administrative Record, OU01 Record of Decision (ROD), September 19, 2002 (695KB)  
Index Only: Administrative Record, OU02 Record of Decision (ROD), September 30, 2004 (113 KB)  
Index Only: Administrative Record, OU01 Record of Decision (ROD) Amendment, May 25, 2006 (175 KB)   
Index Only: Administrative Record, OU1 Record of Decision (ROD) Amendment, October 13, 2006 (960 KB)  
Index Only: Administrative Record, Notice of Intent to Partially Delete (NOIPD) and Notice of Partial Deletion (NOPD) from the National Priorities List, August 2, 2012 (337 KB)  

Reports and Studies:
Proposed Plan, OU01, July 2002 (2.0MB)  
Proposed Plan, OU02, June 2004 (5.0MB)  
Proposed Plan, OU 01- Fundamental Changes, May 2006 (156 KB)   
Five Year Review Report, September 21, 2010 (2.23MB)  
Second Five Year Review Report, September 18, 2015  
In-Situ Bioremediation Pilot Test Implementation Plan, September 1, 2015  

Decision Documents:
View Records of Decision (RODS) on-line (EPA HQ)  
Record of Decision, Operable Unit 1, September 19, 2002 (284 KB)  
Record of Decision, Operable Unit 2, September 30, 2004 (4.4 MB)  
Record of Decision, Operable Unit 1, September 28, 2006 (2.32MB)  
Institutional Controls at this site  

Other Links:
NPL Site Narrative at Listing:  
Partial Deletion Technical Memorandum, June 29, 2012 (6.26 MB)  
Site Progress Profile  
Other Info available via the Cattail Press of Corinna  

Site Repositories
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Corinna Public Library (Stewart Free Library) 1 Stewart Lane, Corinna, ME (207) 278-2454

OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440

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EPA Remedial Project Manager: Ed Hathaway
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Sq., Suite 100
Mail Code: OSRR07-1
Boston, MA 02109 - 3912
Phone #: 617-918-1372
E-Mail Address: hathaway.ed@epa.gov

EPA Community Involvement Coordinator: Pamela Harting-Barrat
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Sq., Suite 100
Mail Code: ORA20-1
Boston, MA 02109 - 3912
Phone #: 617-918-1318
E-Mail Address: harting-barrat.pamela@epa.gov

State Agency Contact: Rebecca Hewett
Address: 17 State House Station
August, ME 04333
Phone #: 207-287-8554
E-Mail Address: rebecca.l.hewett@maine.gov


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 10 Tribal Nations
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Last updated on Wednesday, November 4th, 2015
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/eastland