Environmental Economics

Inventory of Ecosystem Effects

Provides an inventory of ecosystem benefits categories germane to reductions in nitrogen oxide emissions. The inventory is meant to encourage a broadening of the scope of benefits estimated for nitrogen oxide emissions reductions and to facilitate the valuation of ecosystem benefits. The valuation of ecosystem benefits associated with reductions in NOx emissions involves establishing four sets of linkages:


    Predicting the changes in emissions and determining the associated air quality distribution
    Assessing the physical effects of these changes in emissions and air quality on ecosystems
    Evaluating the physical effects of these changes in emissions and air quality on ecosystems
    Assigning monetary values to the changes in ecosystem services flows

The first linkage was used to identify the extent and location of emission changes from the proposed regulation and to isolate geographically relevant ecosystem categories. This linkage was modeled by another contractor using the Urban Airshed Model and the Regional Transport Model. Building on the results of this modeling exercise, the remaining linkages involve characterizing the dynamics between nitrogen oxide emissions and ecosystems. This report addresses these linkages, presenting the results of a literature search on the physical effects of nitrogen oxides on ecosystems as well as a limited discussion of the types of information required to quantify and monetize the physical effects on various services by ecosystem categories.
  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Quantification without Monetization
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Stationary Source
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Bell, Kathleen
    Deck, Leland
    Michaels, Greg
    Paciorek, Chris
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Geographic Area:
    United States
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0364
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Abt Associates, Inc.Address: 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 600
    City: Bethesda State: MD ZIP: 20814
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and EvaluationAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Draft
    Date:
    01/17/1994
    Number of Pages:
    97
    Comment:
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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009