Environmental Economics

Economic Disincentives for Pollution Control: Legal, Political and Administrative Dimensions

This report defines an economic disincentive as a monetary charge levied by government on conduct which is not illegal but which does impose social costs, for the principal purpose of discouraging the conduct. Disincentives are distinguished from other legal mechanisms which may have incidental economic disincentive effects, e.g., fines, user charges, and license fees. The constitutionality of federal of state imposition of disincentives is examined and the authority of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the states to utilize disincentives under selected federal environmental statues is analyzed. The legality of some disincentives adopted by states is discussed. The charges imposed by several European countries are described and distinguished from disincentives. The history of some previous proposals for federal disincentives is reviewed and suggestions for additional disincentives which might be feasible are offered.

  • Keywords

    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Pollution Fees/Charges/Taxes
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    b. Water
    c. Land
    d. Chemicals
    f. Multimedia
    g. Other
    c. Land - Solid Waste/RCRA
    d. Chemicals - Pesticides
    Irwin, William A.
    Liroff, Richard A.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0175
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Environmental Law InstituteAddress: 1616 P St., NW, Suite 200
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency,
    Office of Research and Development, Washington Environmental Research Center
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
  • How to Obtain Report

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    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
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    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB239340