Environmental Economics

A Computer Simulation Model for Analyzing Mobile Source Air Pollution Control Strategies

This report describes MATHAIR, a computer model that simulates the impacts of strategies for controlling mobile source air pollutants. Vehicle miles traveled for different modes of ground transportation are predicted by a transportation module. Given vehicle miles traveled predictions, an inventory of stationary sources of mobile source pollutants and certain other inputs for the urban area, pollutant emissions are calculated using EPA-developed relations. A linear rollback air quality module then predicts ambient pollutant concentrations. Finally, strategy costs and benefits due to damage reduction are calculated.
A set of experiments were performed for four selected urban regions using MATHAIR. MATHAIR casts all strategy costs and all benefits in dollar terms so that strategies can be compared in terms of their total impact. A baseline, zero control strategy and four strategies of increasing stringency are defined and simulated over a ten-year horizon. One general conclusion suggested by the results of the test is that it is economically inefficient to impose the same program of controls in different urban regions. Another conclusion is that the control strategies are very sensitive to certain input data.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Major Programs and Media
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Mobile Source
    Authors:
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Jaksch, John
    Geographic Area:
    California, Chicago, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Illinois, Los Angeles, Maryland, Metropolitan Washington DC, New Jersey, New York, New York Metropolitan Region, Virginia, Washington (DC)
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Methodology Development & Evaluation, Data Development, Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0451
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Mathtech, Inc.Address: P. O. Box 2392
    City: Princeton State: NJ ZIP: 08540
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and DevelopmentAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    09/01/1976
    Number of Pages:
    189
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-600/5-76-010
    68-01-2952
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