Environmental Economics

A Quantitative Method for Effluent Compliance Monitoring Resource Allocation

The report develops a procedure which determines how often to sample effluent sources in a compliance monitoring program. The sampling frequencies depend on the probability each source will be in violation of its standards, as well as the environmental damage each source is expected to cause to the receiving waters. The potential utility of the procedure is demonstrated using data from 30 industries and municipal treatment plants. The sources chosen by the procedure for monitoring with highest priority were shown to be those sources most likely to violate a standard and cause environmental damage.
The information produced by the priority setting procedure is applicable to many types of water quality studies. The statistical descriptions of the effluents can be used as inputs to water quality models. The environmental damage expected from a source and the probability that a source will be in violation of a standard can be useful in the setting of effluent standards in "water quality limited" reaches of a river basin. The examination of these quantities quickly tells the user which sources are expected to have a major effect on water quality. The sensitivity of these quantities to changes in the standards or loading can also be quickly determined.

  • Keywords

    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Enforcement and Monitoring
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Surface
    Cohen, Arthur I.
    Bar-Shalom, Yaakov
    Winkler, Wendy
    Grimsrud, G. Paul
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Lewis, Donald H.
    Geographic Area:
    Michigan, United States
    Study Purpose:
    Methodology Development & Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0378
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Systems Control, Inc,Address: 1801 Page Mill Road
    City: Palo Alto State: CA ZIP: 94304
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and DevelopmentAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
  • How to Obtain Report

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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
    You may be able to obtain this report by contacting the National Technical Information Service (NTIS):
    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB245411