Environmental Economics

Air Pollution: Household Soiling and Consumer Welfare Losses

This paper uses demand and supply functions for cleanliness to estimate household benefits from reduced particulate matter soiling. A demand curve for household cleanliness is estimated, based upon the assumption that households prefer more cleanliness to less. Empirical coefficients, related to particulate pollution levels, for shifting the cleanliness supply curve, are taken from available studies. Consumer welfare gains, aggregated across 123 SMSA's, from achieving the Federal primary particulate standard, are estimated to range from $.9 to $3.2 million per year (1971 dollars).

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Productivity
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Watson, William D.
    Jaksch, John A.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Watson, William D.
    Geographic Area:
    United States
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application
    Inventory Record #: EE-0028
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Draft
    Date:
    Number of Pages:
    34
    Comment:
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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009