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Cost-effectiveness of Automobile Inspection/maintenace Programs
The study presents conclusions in two areas:
Cost-effectiveness: The cost of emission reduction ranges from $580 to $2,048 per ton for hydrocarbons and from $30 to $203 per ton for carbon monoxide. The choice of a figure within this range depends on assumptions concerning the value of owner time, incremental maintenance and repair costs, the prior existence of a safety inspection program, and the control technology used on the automobile. Most importantly, the choice depends on the methodology used to calculate the cost-effectiveness ratio.
Fuel economy: Estimates of inspection/maintenance benefits for 1980 and earlier automobiles range from zero to four percent for failed vehicles. For 1981 and later model years, estimates run as high as a 15 percent gain when a failed vehicle is repaired. Fuel economy is a key factor in inspection/maintenance cost-effectiveness; even a very small percentage gain can more than make up for all other inspection/maintenance program costs.
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Major Programs and Media
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Enforcement and MonitoringEnvironmental Media:
a. Air - Mobile SourceAuthors:EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Smith, Jr., WillardGeographic Area: United StatesStudy Purpose: Empirical Application, Policy Evaluation
- Participating Organizations
TCS Management Group Address: 210 25th Avenue, North
City: Nashville State: TN ZIP:
- Report Details
FinalDate: 03/16/1981Number of Pages: 57EPA #:
- How to Obtain Report