Environmental Economics

Impact of Air Pollution on the Consumption of Medical Services -- Cost of Hospitalization in the Portland Metropolitan Area

This study was undertaken to ascertain the possibility of measuring from available data the impact of air pollution on the consumption of inpatient services which patients consume per hospital stay. The diseases which were thought to be associated with air pollution were first identified. A sample of the patients was taken from a hospital population and the medical costs incurred by them were calculated. Suspended particulates as a measure of air pollution, temperature-humidity index as a measure of meteorological conditions of the area, and socioeconomic characteristics of patients were used in a regression model to explain variations in medical costs.

  • Keywords

    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Morbidity
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Bhagia, Gobind S.
    Stoevener, Herbert H.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Jaksch, John
    Geographic Area:
    Oregon, Portland
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Report Series:
    Medical Costs Related to Air Pollution in the Portland Area
    Inventory Record #: EE-0018
    List of all reports in the Series:
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Oregon State University, Department of Agriculture and Resource EconomicsAddress:
    City: Corvallis State: OR ZIP: 97331
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Laboratory -- Corvallis, Address:
    City: Corvallis State: OR ZIP: 97330
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
  • How to Obtain Report

    Order a copy of report
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
    You may be able to obtain this report by contacting the National Technical Information Service (NTIS):
    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-278134