Environmental Economics

Economic Damages to Household Items from Water Supply Use in the United States

Household appliances and personal items in contact with water supply are subject to physical damages from chemical and other constituents of the water. This study translate these damages into economic losses for a typical household. Then it aggregates these losses at the national and individual state levels. To do so requires several stages of analysis. First, the types of physical damages expected and associated water quality determinants are identified. The physical effects are next translated into economic losses. Second, damage functions are formulated to predict likely impacts of water quality changes on each household unit affected. Third, a computer program based on these functions is designed to estimate total damages per typical household and to aggregate them over selected regions. Finally, the program is applied to state-by-state data on water supply sources and socioeconomic descriptors.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Quantification without Monetization
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Resource/Environmental Harms
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Other
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Drinking
    b. Water - Other
    Authors:
    Tihansky, Dennis P.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Tihansky, Dennis P.
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0093
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research Division,
    Economic Analysis Branch
    Address:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency,
    Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research Division,
    Economic Analysis Branch
    Address:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    Number of Pages:
    89
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    EPA-600/5-73-001
    PB-235716
  • How to Obtain Report


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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
    You may be able to obtain this report by contacting the National Technical Information Service (NTIS):
    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-235716