Environmental Economics

Development of an Economic Analytical Framework for Solid Waste Policy Analysis

This report presents the development of a micro-economics/systems overview of the problems of solid waste generation and control. A benefit measure is developed and recommended for use in evaluating solid waste management policy decisions. The benefit measure incorporates the consumers' surplus approximation to welfare loss, changes in firms' profits and government revenues, and costs of solid waste disposal. The benefit measure is used to develop a series of taxation (taxes may be negative) models for the purpose of control of the solid waste stream. The models produce taxes which lead to the benefit maximizing solid waste levels. The models include substitutional possibilities in production and consumption and use market observable functions as their base. A property right system is examined and it is concluded that such a system has no advantages over the taxation of solid wastes. Economic incentives for encouraging forth supplies of recyclable materials are examined. It is concluded that he collateral policies of solid waste taxation and the subsidization of suppliers of recyclable materials provide highly workable management tools for the purposes of solid waste control and recycling encouragement.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Pollution Fees/Charges/Taxes
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Subsidies
    Environmental Media:
    c. Land
    c. Land - Solid Waste/RCRA
    Authors:
    Hall, Jeffrey
    Jacobsen, Stephen E.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Goddard, Haynes
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Methodology Development & Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0083
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Environmental Dynamics, Inc.Address: 1609 Westwood Blvd.
    City: Los Angeles State: CA ZIP: 90024
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research LaboratoryAddress:
    City: Cincinnati State: OH ZIP: 45268
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    09/01/1975
    Number of Pages:
    69
    Comment: Report actually has 138 pages, but hard copy version in inventory has two pages reproduced on each page.
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-600/5-75-014
    PB244705
    68-03-0212
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    Date Linked: 08/25/2017
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    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB244705