Environmental Economics

Design of Cost-Effective Water Quality Surveillance Systems

This report presents the development and successful demonstration of quantitative methods for the design of river basin water quality surveillance systems for pollution abatement. The methods provide a systematic approach to the consideration of expected stream conditions, system characteristics, equipment performance, and cost in the selection of a preferred system design from among a number of candidates.

The methods are based on a systems approach in which the total system is evaluated for cost and effectiveness. They make extensive use of mathematics previously developed to describe the effectiveness of sampling in the context of abatement. The analysis of candidate system performance draws heavily on reliability and maintainability engineering technology. Data availability remains a constraint to the general application of the methods, but acquisition of the necessary data is wholly within the prerogatives of governmental agencies operating monitoring systems.

The methods are computerized and the computer programs are detailed in this report. The authors make use of the information available form the computerized rivers basin models now under general development.

The computerized design methods are demonstrated to function satisfactorily on the Beaver River Basin when artificial data is used to supplement the data base. It is concluded that the methods are acceptable for use buy governmental water quality agencies under the existing constraints.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Enforcement and Monitoring
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Surface
    Authors:
    Beckers, Charles V.
    Chamberlain, Stanley G.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Methodology Development & Evaluation, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0247
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Raytheon Company, Oceanographic & Environmental ServicesAddress:
    City: Portsmouth State: RI ZIP: 02871
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    01/01/1974
    Number of Pages:
    428
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-600/574-004
    PB232979
    68-01-0703
  • How to Obtain Report


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    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
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    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB232979