Environmental Economics

The Effluent Charge System in the Federal Republic of Germany

This study is designed to describe the FRG effluent charge law and the political and legal background that permitted such a law to be enacted there. We also evaluate the impact of that law, although our assessment is necessarily tentative in view of the short experience with the law there to date. The study then analyzes the economic and legal implications of enacting and effluent charge law in the United States. We consider the advantages and disadvantages of state vs. federal enactment, the constitutional objections that might be raised to such a law, and how it might be related to and coordinated with existing pollution control laws in the United States.

  • Keywords

    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Pollution Fees/Charges/Taxes
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Surface
    Brown, Jr., Gardner M.
    Johnson, Ralph M.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0264
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Washington, University ofAddress:
    City: Seattle State: WA ZIP: 98105
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation, Office of Policy AnalysisAddress:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    Comment: Co-funded by the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany Ministry of Interior
    EPA #:
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    Date Linked: 08/25/2017