Environmental Economics

Measuring the Benefits of Reduced Exposure to Particulate Matter and Nitrogen Dioxide in Children

This report has two purposes. One is to indicate what data are required to estimate and to value the health effects of particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide on children. The second is to indicate precisely how these data should be used to compute an estimate of health effects.
The report describes the health, exposure, and economic data that would be needed to value the health benefits to children of reducing exposure to particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide. Section II summarizes the mechanisms by which these pollutants are thought to affect the respiratory system and suggests ways in which these health effects could be measure. Which aspects of exposure are relevant to respiratory health and how they might be measured are discussed in section III. In section IV, the assumptions about health and exposure needed to value health effects are made explicit, and formulas for computing short-term and long-term benefits of a reduction in pollution are presented. These benefit expressions are derived in Appendix A. which contains a formal model of parents' demand for child health. Appendix B describes in more detail the information needed to estimate benefits.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Morbidity
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Cropper, Maureen L.
    Sussman, Frances G.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Provenzano, George
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Methodology Development & Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0082
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Maryland, University of, Bureau of Business and Economic ResearchAddress:
    City: College Park State: MD ZIP: 20742
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and EvaluationAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    09/30/1984
    Number of Pages:
    42
    Comment:
    Grant/Contract #:
    811143-01
  • How to Obtain Report


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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009