Environmental Economics

Experiments in the Economics of Air Pollution Epidemiology, Volume I of Methods Development for Assessing Air Pollution Control Benefits

This study employed the analytical and empirical methods of economics to develop hypotheses on disease etiologies and to value labor productivity and consumer losses due to air pollution-induced mortality and morbidity. Since the major focus is on methodological development and experimentation, all the reported empirical results are to be regarded as tentative and on-going rather than definitive and final. Two experiments were conducted. First, using aggregate data from sixty U.S. cities, 1970 city-wide mortality rates for major disease categories have been statistically associated with aggregate population characteristics such as physicians per capita, per capita cigarette consumption, dietary habits, air pollution and other factors. The second experiment, which focused on morbidity, employed data on the generalized health states and the time and budget allocations of a nationwide sample of individual heads of household.
The report is organized as follows:

    Chapter I: Introduction to Volume I
    Chapter II: Some Issues
    Chapter III: Sources of Error
    Chapter IV: The Sixty-City Experiment
    Chapter V: The Michigan Survey Experiment
    Chapter VI: An Estimate of National Losses in Labor Productivity Due to Air Pollution-Induced Morbidity.

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Revealed Preference
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Revealed Preference - Consumption Choices
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Mortality
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Morbidity
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Productivity
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Crocker, Thomas D.
    Ben-David, Shaul
    Kneese, Allen V.
    Schulze, William D.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Carlin, Alan
    Geographic Area:
    United States
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Methodology Development & Evaluation
    Report Series:
    Methods Development for Assessing Air Pollution Control Benefits
    Inventory Record #: EE-0271A
    List of all reports in the Series:
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Wyoming, University ofAddress:
    City: Laramie State: WY ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency,
    Office of Research and Development,
    Office of Health and Ecological Effects
    Address:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    02/01/1979
    Number of Pages:
    163
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-600/5-79-001a
    PB-293615
    R80505901
  • How to Obtain Report


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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
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    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-293615