Environmental Economics

Oxidant Air Pollution and Work Performance of Citrus Harvest Labor

This project assesses the effect of photochemical oxidants on the work performance of twelve individual citrus pickers in the South Coast Air Basin of southern California. A model of the picker's decision problem is constructed in which oxidants influence the individual's picking earnings and leisure-time via a short-term and reversible morbidity effect. Circumstances are specified under which this effect can be interpreted as the additional earnings the individual would have to receive in the presence of oxidants in order to make him indifferent to the presence of oxidants. This Hicksian compensating surplus is estimated separately for each of twelve individuals. In terms of absolute dollar magnitudes, compensating surpluses appear to range from less than twenty dollars to nearly two hundred dollars over an entire calendar year, given the piece-work wage rate scales and the levels of air pollution prevailing in the South Coast Air Basin during 1973 and 1974. As a percentage of what individual earnings would have been in the absence of air pollution, the dollar magnitudes range from three-tenths of one percent to nine percent. The average is about two percent. All estimates of the compensating surplus are conditional upon the individual not adjusting the hours he picks in response to air pollution.

  • Keywords

    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Productivity
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Crocker, Thomas D.
    Horst, Jr., Robert L.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Gillette, Donald
    Geographic Area:
    California, Los Angeles
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application
    Inventory Record #: EE-0029
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Wyoming, University of,
    Department of Economics
    City: Laramie State: WY ZIP: 82071
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency,
    Office of Research and Development, Health Effects Research Laboratory
    City: Research Triangle Park State: NC ZIP: 27711
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
  • How to Obtain Report

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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
    You may be able to obtain this report by contacting the National Technical Information Service (NTIS):
    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-272934