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An Economic Analysis of Air Pollution and Health: The Case of St. Louis, Volume VI of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
This report develops a new methodology for estimating the benefits of reduced human morbidity stemming from improved air pollution control and tests that methodology using data from adult residents of St. Louis, MO, and air pollution information from the Regional Air Pollution Study. This data is described in two other reports in this database, The Human Morbidity Costs of Air Pollution in St. Louis (1978), and St. Louis Pollution-Morbidity Study (1984). The empirical results support the hypothesis that reduced ambient ozone levels will reduce human morbidity. Marginal compensating differential type benefits estimates for various percentage reductions in ozone concentrations are computed based on these results.
The report is organized into the following chapters:
- 1. Introduction
2. Literature review
3. A Simple Health Model
4. The St. Louis Health and Air Quality Data
5. A Comparison of Alternative Sources of Air Quality Data
6. Empirical Estimation of the Model
- 1. Health Effects of Ozone on Humans
2. Human Health Effects of Lead
3. Data Base Documentation.
Volumes V, VI, and VII address questions related to air pollution impacts on human health. Volume V, EE-0272E, uses National Academy of Sciences data on twins to examine the effects of elevated levels of sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates on symptoms including chest pain, cough, and shortness of breath. This report is Volume VI of the series. Volume VII, EE-0272G, presents a collection of three papers that assess the economic benefits of controlling pollutants, such as lead, that affect the health of children.
Finally, the original collection of studies included a non-technical discussion of recent developments in estimating the benefits of environmental improvements. A more recent version of that report can be viewed as an as a downloadable or online report.
1. Benefits Analysis
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - MorbidityEnvironmental Media:
a. Air - TroposphericAuthors:
Gerking, Shelby D.
Stanley, Linda R.
Weirick, William N.EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Carlin, AlanGeographic Area: Missouri, St. LouisStudy Purpose: Empirical Application, Methodology Development & EvaluationReport Series: Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
List of all reports in the Series:
- Participating Organizations
Wyoming, University of, Department of Economics and Institute for Policy Research Address:
City: Laramie State: WY ZIP: 82071
Environmental Protection Agency,
Office fo Policy, Planning and Evaluation
City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
- Report Details
FinalDate:Number of Pages: 184Grant/Contract #: CR808893-01
- How to Obtain Report