Environmental Economics

Automobile Emission Averaging: Final Report

The study examines the effects of emission averaging for light-duty gasoline-powered vehicles. Detailed analyses were performed for four major averaging programs: (1) simple averaging, in which each manufacturer's fleet must meet the standards on average, (2) trading, in which manufacturers may purchase or sell emission credits among one another, (3) banking, in which credits or debits are exchanged between model years, and (4) a combination of trading and banking. The analyses were based on mathematical modeling of a set of cost versus emission functions. Tables are presented showing the emission control cost reductions compared to the then existing system for each of the programs analyzed.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Trading and Marketable Permits
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Mobile Source
    Authors:
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Smith, Jr., Willard
    Geographic Area:
    United States
    Study Purpose:
    Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0441
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    TCS Management Group, Inc.Address: 210 25th Avenue, North
    City: Nashville State: TN ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    01/12/1984
    Number of Pages:
    131
    Comment:
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    Date Linked: 08/29/2017