Environmental Economics

Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements, Volume I - Executive Summary

This document summarizes a variety of research projects carried out by the University of Wyoming for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency focusing on estimating the benefits of pollution control. The individual studies are available in this database and can be quickly accessed by means of the series title links above. Volume II, EE-0272B, considers experimental or contingent valuation approaches to valuing air and water quality improvements, paying particular attention to the benefits of improving visibility in national parks, improving national water quality, reducing risks of exposure to hazardous waste, and reducing ambient ozone concentrations in the South Coast Air Basin. Volume III, EE-0272C, updates earlier efforts to estimate the benefits of controlling acid deposition. Volume IV, EE-0272D, addresses methods for valuing the economic impacts of air pollution on ecosystems, providing a theoretical model and an empirical illustration using contingent valuation of the condition of a forest stock.
Volumes V, VI, and VII address questions related to air pollution impacts on human health. Volume V, EE-0272E, uses National Academy of Sciences data on twins to examine the effects of elevated levels of sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates on symptoms including chest pain, cough, and shortness of breath. Volume VI, EE-0272F, develops a new methodology for estimating the benefits of reduced human morbidity stemming from improved air pollution control and tests that methodology using data from adult residents of St. Louis, MO. Volume VII, EE-0272G, presents a collection of three papers that assess the economic benefits of controlling pollutants, such as lead, that affect the health of children.
Finally, the original collection of studies included a non-technical discussion of then recent developments in estimating the benefits of environmental improvements as Volume VIII.