Environmental Economics

Intra-Urban Mortality and Air Quality: An Economic Analysis of the Costs of Pollution Induced Mortality

This report quantifies in both physical and monetary terms the effects of existing ambient levels of air pollution on human mortality. A model for the isolation of air pollution's influence on human mortality was developed based on insights derived from existing experimental, episodic, and epidemiological studies. This model was then estimated using weighted linear regression analysis and data from the 1968 to 1972 experience of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The resulting pollution-related mortality functions were then monetized through the use of the most theoretically consistent economic valuation of mortality changes. Specifically, the estimated age-sex-specific pollution-related mortality functions were monetized by applying existing estimates of individual's willingness to pay for mortality decreases.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Revealed Preference
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Revealed Preference - Wage Differential
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Gregor, John J.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Jaksch, John
    Geographic Area:
    Pennsylvania, Allegheny County (PA)
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application
    Inventory Record #: EE-0019
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Pennsylvania State University, Center for the Study of Environmental PolicyAddress:
    City: University Park State: PA ZIP: 16802
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency,
    Office of Research and Development,
    Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory
    Address:
    City: Corvallis State: OR ZIP: 97330
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    07/01/1977
    Number of Pages:
    95
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-600/5-77-009
    PB-273056
    R803609
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    Date Linked: 08/25/2017
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    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-273056