Environmental Economics

Air Pollution and Health in Washington DC: Some Acute Health Effects of Air Pollution in the Washington Metropolitan Area

This study has attempted to assess some of the acute health effects of air pollution. Specifically, the investigation has tested the hypothesis that air pollution can aggravate the health status of a population and can result in increased utilization of certain types of medical care services.
The study covered the period 1973-1974 and centered in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. Statistical models were formulated, explaining health-care utilization of a group practice medical care plan. Primary interest was focused on the effects of mobile-source air pollutants including carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, non-methane hydrocarbons, and photochemical oxidants. Meteorological conditions, as well as other variables thought to influence the consumption of medical services, were included in the models as explanatory variables.
The statistical results indicated that air pollution levels had a very limited effect on the health-care utilization of the group practice.

  • Keywords

    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Quantification without Monetization
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Mobile Source
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Seskin, Eugene P.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Jaksch, John
    Geographic Area:
    District of Columbia
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0022
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.Address: 1750 New York Ave, NW
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20006
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency
    Environmental Research Laboratory-Corvallis,
    City: Corvallis State: OR ZIP: 97330
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
  • How to Obtain Report

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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
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    By phone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
    By mail: NTIS, Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161;
    By World Wide Web: [http://www.ntis.gov].
    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-273016