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Strategy Alternatives for Oxidant Control in the Los Angeles Region
This project sought to evaluate strategies for controlling oxidant (smog) in Los Angeles using the criteria of cost and effectiveness and to investigate their sensitivity to assumptions. Promising strategies for fixed sources, vehicle retrofit and inspection/maintenance, and transportation management were identified and compared. (Transportation management strategies include bus-system improvements, carpooling incentives, and gasoline surtaxes or rationing.) Superior combinations were formed and then evaluated in terms of their various environmental, transportational, economic, and energy impacts on Los Angeles. This process was repeated with five alternative levels for the oxidant standard (including National-Primary, California standard and health-advisory-alert levels) in combination with four alternative sets of technical assumptions (emission factors, etc.), thereby showing how superior strategy composition and the resulting impacts vary with these factors. The costs of not meeting present standards are discussed, and certain EPA-promulgated technical assumptions are recommended for reevaluation. The project's comprehensive analysis methodology (also applicable to energy-conservation and transportation-improvement problems) is described.
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Specific Sectors and PollutantsEnvironmental Media:
a. Air - Mobile Source
a. Air - Stationary Source
a. Air - TroposphericAuthors:
Goeller, Bruce F.
Bigelow, James H.
DeHaven, James C.
Mikolowsky, William T.
Petruschell, Robert L.
Woodfill, Barbara M.EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Downing, PaulGeographic Area: California, Los AngelesStudy Purpose: Empirical Application, Policy Evaluation
- Participating Organizations
RAND Corporation Address:
City: Santa Monica State: CA ZIP: 90406
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research Division Address:
City: State: ZIP:
RAND Corporaton Address: Distribution Services, RAND
P.O. Box 2138
City: Santa Monica State: CA ZIP: 90407-2138
Phone: (310) 451-7002 Fax: (310) 451-6915
- Report Details
FinalDate: 12/01/1973Number of Pages: 142
- How to Obtain Report
Not available from EERM
Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
You can obtain this report by contacting RAND Corporaton directly at:
Distribution Services, RAND
P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
or go to the following WEB address: