Environmental Economics

Strategy Alternatives for Oxidant Control in the Los Angeles Region

This project sought to evaluate strategies for controlling oxidant (smog) in Los Angeles using the criteria of cost and effectiveness and to investigate their sensitivity to assumptions. Promising strategies for fixed sources, vehicle retrofit and inspection/maintenance, and transportation management were identified and compared. (Transportation management strategies include bus-system improvements, carpooling incentives, and gasoline surtaxes or rationing.) Superior combinations were formed and then evaluated in terms of their various environmental, transportational, economic, and energy impacts on Los Angeles. This process was repeated with five alternative levels for the oxidant standard (including National-Primary, California standard and health-advisory-alert levels) in combination with four alternative sets of technical assumptions (emission factors, etc.), thereby showing how superior strategy composition and the resulting impacts vary with these factors. The costs of not meeting present standards are discussed, and certain EPA-promulgated technical assumptions are recommended for reevaluation. The project's comprehensive analysis methodology (also applicable to energy-conservation and transportation-improvement problems) is described.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Specific Sectors and Pollutants
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Mobile Source
    a. Air - Stationary Source
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Goeller, Bruce F.
    Bigelow, James H.
    DeHaven, James C.
    Mikolowsky, William T.
    Petruschell, Robert L.
    Woodfill, Barbara M.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Downing, Paul
    Geographic Area:
    California, Los Angeles
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: PE-0010
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    RAND CorporationAddress:
    City: Santa Monica State: CA ZIP: 90406
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Non-EPA Publishing Organization:
    RAND CorporatonAddress: Distribution Services, RAND
    P.O. Box 2138

    City: Santa Monica State: CA ZIP: 90407-2138
    Phone: (310) 451-7002 Fax: (310) 451-6915
    E-mail: order@rand.org
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    12/01/1973
    Number of Pages:
    142
    Comment: RAND Report #R-1368-EPA
  • How to Obtain Report

    Not available from EERM
    Other Ways to Obtain the Report:
    You can obtain this report by contacting RAND Corporaton directly at:
    Distribution Services, RAND
    P.O. Box 2138
    , Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
    or go to the following WEB address:
    http://www.rand.org/cgi-bin/Abstracts/e-getabbydoc.pl?R-1368