Environmental Economics

The Use and Impact of Iron and Steel Industry Intra-plant Trades

The report investigates the use and impact of iron and steel industry intra-plant trades. These trades offer direct dischargers in the iron and steel industry the option of crediting pollutant reduction beyond discharge limits at one or more outfalls to discharges from other outfalls at the same facility. The Environmental Protection Agency's Permit Compliance System was used to identify steel plants subject to the Agency's effluent guidelines and to obtain data on the production processes and pollutants associated with those plants. To identify permits incorporating intra-plant trading, appropriate EPA national and regional personnel, as well as some state personnel, were contacted. Detailed information on each of the trades was gathered both from documentation related to permits and from environmental managers associated with the different facilities.

  • Keywords

    3. Cost and Economic Impacts Analysis
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    3. Costs and Economic Impact Analysis - Specific Sectors and Pollutants
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Trading and Marketable Permits
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Surface
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Kashmanian, Richard
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0462
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Industrial Economics, Inc.Address: 2067 Massachusetts Ave.
    City: Cambridge State: MA ZIP: 02140
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and EvaluationAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    Grant/Contract #:
    68- W1-0009
  • How to Obtain Report

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