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Measuring Household Soiling Damages from Suspended Air Particulates: A Methodological Inquiry, Volume V of Methods Development for Environmental Control Benefits Assessment
As measured by the "frequency" approach to estimating household cleaning costs, annual household cleaning costs, annual household soiling damages in the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Delaware area range from $762 per household (1980 dollars) to $1,386 per household in "do-it-yourself" households as air particulate concentrations range from 40 micrograms per cubic meter to 123 micrograms per cubic meter, such damages for households that hire others to perform household cleaning tasks range from $1,531/household to $2,683/household in the same range for particulate concentrations. Marginal household soiling damages attributable to air particulates are estimated at 46.63/household per micrograms per cubic meter.
The willingness to pay approach to estimating particulate-related household soiling damages is found to be infeasible. Average annual contingent valuations related to the total elimination of air particulates were some $7.32/household in the Los Angeles area and $2.68/household in the Philadelphia area.
Individuals in the Los Angeles and Philadelphia areas indicated a maximum willingness to pay of $32.83/month and $12.59/month, respectively, for the elimination of all air pollutants. These total bids are allocated to pollution effects as follows: 66-76% health; 13-18% visibility; and 0-16% household soiling.
A modified frequency approach to estimating household soiling damages would likely be very effective in terms of providing consistent estimates.
The report is divided into four parts and 13 chapters as follows:
- Part I. Introduction and Problem Statement, includes the following chapters:
Soiling and Materials-Damage Effects from Air Pollution: A Technical Sketch
Economic Assessments of Air Pollution-related Household Effects
The Booz-Allen Study: A Critique
Bringing It All Together: Plan of Study.
- 6. Components of Booz-Allen Measures for Soiling Costs
7. Imputed Costs for Household Labor
8. Soiling Damages Related to Particulate Level
9. Conclusions Concerning the Booz-Allen Approach to Estimating Soiling Damages.
- 10. The Conceptual Problem
11. A contingent Valuation Approach to Measuring Household Soiling Damages
12. Analysis of Contingent Valuation Results.
- 13. Summary and Conclusions.
The report is available in this database, but has been divided into a number of separate files to facilitate downloading. The download file buttons below indicate which sections of this report are contained in each of the files.
1. Benefits Analysis
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - ProductivityEnvironmental Media:
a. Air - TroposphericAuthors:
Cummings, Ronald G.
Norton, R.D.EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Carlin, AlanGeographic Area: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Los Angeles, PhiladelphiaStudy Purpose: Empirical ApplicationReport Series: Methods Development for Environmental Control Benefits Assessment
List of all reports in the Series:
- Participating Organizations
Wyoming, University of Address:
City: Laramie State: WY ZIP:
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation Address:
City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
- Report Details
FinalDate: 09/01/1985Number of Pages: 135EPA #:
- How to Obtain Report