Environmental Economics

Costs and Benefits of Fly Ash Control

The purpose of this paper is to provide qualified answers to these questions: What level of charge will induce a power plant operator to meet the standards? Is the standard one at which marginal costs are approximately equal to marginal benefits? The analysis proceeds in these steps: 1) It is first shown that electrostatic precipitation of fly ash is likely to be less costly than other similar available techniques for controlling fly ash discharges from coal-fired power plants. 2) Using marginal cost functions for electrostatic precipitation, ranges of effluent charges sufficient to induce cost minimizing power plant operators to meet new source fly ash standards are reported. 3) Assuming achievement of new source standards, comparisons are made on a national basis between total costs and benefits and between marginal costs and benefits of fly ash control. Some caveats on the meaning of these comparisons are presented.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Specific Sectors and Pollutants
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Incentives and Related Approaches
    4. Economic Incentives and Other Innovative Approaches - Pollution Fees/Charges/Taxes
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Stationary Source
    Authors:
    Watson, William D.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Watson, William D.
    Geographic Area:
    United States
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application
    Inventory Record #: EE-0089
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research DivisionAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    11/21/1973
    Number of Pages:
    32
    Comment:
    EPA #:
    EPA-600/5-73-014
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    Date Linked: 08/25/2017