Environmental Economics

Community Preferences and Superfund Responsibilities

As a prerequisite to identifying an acceptable settlement package at Superfund sites, EPA must understand how local jurisdictions perceive the tradeoffs among different alternatives for cleanup actions, cost-sharing rules, and authority-sharing rules. This presents a very complicated tradeoff problem in preferences that reflect not only benefit valuations related to the cleanup method, but also acceptance considerations for a combination of rules. We explore the tradeoff problem facing a local jurisdiction selecting among alternative proposals affecting responsibilities. Combining techniques from economics and cognitive anthropology, we investigate the use of preference information to resolve Superfund issues. Our approach begins with the way the community sees, and talks about, the relevant issues in the Superfund debate. Interview and focus-group analysis are combined to answer key questions regarding the viewpoints in the local jurisdiction. Questionnaire responses are used to investigate how much people value the different attributes of cleanup actions, cost-sharing, and authority sharing. This is flexibility analysis, an examination of which issues are crucial to community members, and which issues are important for the negotiation that ultimately occurs among constituencies with different perspectives and public institutions that must resolve Superfund disputes.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Stated Preference
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Stated Preference - Non-contingent Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Risk Communication and Other
    Environmental Media:
    c. Land
    c. Land - Superfund/CERCLA
    Authors:
    Cantor, Robin
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Fisher, Ann
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0042
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Oak Ridge National LaboratoryAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and EvaluationAddress:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Draft
    Date:
    08/01/1993
    Number of Pages:
    63
    Comment:
    Grant/Contract #:
    1824-B067-A1
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