Environmental Economics

Socio-economic Factors Affecting Demand for Municipal Collection of Household Refuse

This study investigates the relationship between several socio-economic characteristics and household refuse. In particular, the two socio-economic variables, income and race, appear to have significant effects on the demand for municipally-provided waste collection services. There is a marked seasonal variation in the comparative effects of income and race, alone or in combination. One interpretation of these effects, based on data from quantities of municipal waste collected in Chicago, is that solid waste consists of two components. The basic component is constant throughout the year and is independent of income and race. The additional component fluctuates greatly with the season, and is lower in the winter. It is very sensitive toward income and race, except in midsummer. Then it stems from different but unidentified consumption activities, which are independent of income, and are more popular with nonwhite than with white families. The general conclusion is that the demand for household refuse collection service in Chicago is a positive function of the income level and the fraction of nonwhites using the municipal service.

  • Keywords

    Subject:
    8. Other Analyses and Reports
    Environmental Media:
    c. Land
    c. Land - Solid Waste/RCRA
    Authors:
    Shaeffer, John R.
    Tolley, George S.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Albrecht, Oscar
    Geographic Area:
    Chicago, Illinois
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0302
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Chicago, University of, Center for Urban StudiesAddress:
    City: Chicago State: IL ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Environmental Research Center, Solid Waste Research BranchAddress:
    City: Cincinnati State: OH ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Final
    Date:
    08/01/1973
    Number of Pages:
    58
    Comment: This is a condensation of the original report prepared by Battelle, Columbus Laboratories
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
    EPA-670/9-73-035
    PB225020
    Grant EC-00281
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