Environmental Economics

Santa Clara Criteria Air Pollutant Benefit Analysis

This report presents estimates of then current health and welfare damages associated with ambient levels of criteria air pollutants in Santa Clara County, California. Damage functions that relate health and welfare impacts to ambient levels of pollutants are taken from the available literature. In some cases the damage functions used in previous analyses are updated with new information.
Health effects, increased rates of mortality and mortality and morbidity are estimated for particulate matter, ozone, and carbon monoxide. The effects of gasoline lead emitted from motor vehicles are included in the analysis. Quantitative estimates of the health effects associated with lead in gasoline are presented, but quantitative estimates of the health benefits of meeting the carbon monoxide standards are not obtained. Welfare effects are estimated for visibility related to changes in particulate matter and for materials related to changes in ozone and particulate matter.
Three alternative comparisons are used to estimate damages for each of the pollutants included in the analysis:

    The damages of current levels as compared to the Federal primary ambient air quality standard,
    The damages of current levels as compared to California standards, and
    The damages of current levels as compared to the minimum levels that have been measured in the County in recent years.

    Subject:
    1. Benefits Analysis
    1. Benefits Analysis - Quantification without Monetization
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Stated Preference
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Stated Preference - Contingent Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided
    1. Benefits Analysis - Valuation - Cost of Damages Avoided - Resource/Environmental Harms
    Environmental Media:
    a. Air
    a. Air - Mobile Source
    a. Air - Stationary Source
    a. Air - Tropospheric
    Authors:
    Chestnut, Lauraine G.
    Rowe, Robert D.
    Ostro, Bart D.
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Hinman, Keith
    Geographic Area:
    California, Santa Clara County (CA)
    Study Purpose:
    Empirical Application, Data Development
    Inventory Record #: EE-0401
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Energy and Resource Consultants, Inc.Address: P.O. Drawer 0
    City: Boulder State: CO ZIP: 80306
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation, Office of Policy Analysis, Regulatory Integration Division, Integrated Environmental Management ProjectAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
    E-mail:
  • Report Details
    Type:
    Draft
    Date:
    05/01/1987
    Number of Pages:
    145
    Comment:
    Grant/Contract #:
    68-01-7033, Work Assignment No. 216
  • How to Obtain Report


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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009