Environmental Economics

Enforcement of the Clean Water Act: Theory, Policy, and Practice

This study serves several purposes:

    Information on EPA's policy for monitoring and enforcing noncompliance with the Clean Water Act's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
    Review of a number of actual enforcement cases settled in 1985
    Presentation of an economic model of optimal enforcement policy which encompasses and extends the existing literature on enforcement.
The economic section begins with a brief survey of the literature on the enforcement of pollution regulations and proceeds to develop a model of optimal enforcement that captures the salient features of the various models presented in the economic literature. It includes a review of the implications of the economic model for optimal enforcement policy, including implications for both enforcement strategy (targeting of resources) and penalty policy (penalty calculations).
  • Keywords

    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Major Programs and Media
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Enforcement and Monitoring
    2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Surveys and Critiques
    Environmental Media:
    b. Water
    b. Water - Surface
    EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
    Geographic Area:
    Study Purpose:
    Methodology Development & Evaluation, Policy Evaluation
    Inventory Record #: EE-0379
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    ICF IncorporatedAddress: 1850 K Street, NW
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20006
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation, Office of Policy AnalysisAddress:
    City: State: ZIP:
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
  • How to Obtain Report

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    Date Linked: 05/28/2009