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Economic Benefits of Controlling the Effects of Environmental Pollution on Children's Health, Volume VII of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
This report includes two papers:
- The first paper outlines an analytical framework suitable for estimating the economic losses that parents/guardians suffer from declines in their child's health status. In addition, given the effects of lead-induced changes in health status upon length of schooling and schooling success, the authors show how these health status changes can influence subsequent occupational choices and life-cycle incomes.
The second paper examines the role that the priors of investigators have played in aggregate air pollution epidemiology. The purpose is to demonstrate the crucial role that priors play in attempts to infer the relationship between urban air pollution and human mortality from aggregate epidemiological data. The paper focuses on statistical information generated by Lester Lave and Eugene Seskin as well as by M. Chappie and Lave.
- Volume I, EE-0272A, is the Executive Summary for the entire research project.
1. Benefits Analysis
1. Benefits Analysis - Quantification without Monetization
1. Benefits Analysis - ValuationEnvironmental Media:
a. Air - Mobile Source
a. Air - TroposphericAuthors:
Needleman, Herbert L.
Atkinson, Scott E.
Crocker, Thomas D.
Murdock, Robert G.EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Carlin, AlanGeographic Area: Boston, MassachusettsStudy Purpose: Empirical Application, Methodology Development & EvaluationReport Series: Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
List of all reports in the Series:
You are here--> 1) Economic Benefits of Controlling the Effects of Environmental Pollution on Children's Health, Volume VII of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
2) An Updating of Earlier Efforts to Estimate the National Benefits of Controlling Acid Precipitation, Volume III of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
3) Experimental Approaches for Valuing Environmental Commodities, Volume II of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
4) An Economic Analysis of Air Pollution and Health: The Case of St. Louis, Volume VI of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
5) Air Pollution and Disease: An Evaluation of the NAS Twins, Volume V of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
6) Valuing Ecosystem Functions: The Effects of Air Pollution, Volume IV of Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements
7) Methods Development in Measuring Benefits of Environmental Improvements, Volume I - Executive Summary
- Participating Organizations
Wyoming, University of, Department of Economics and Institute for Policy Research Address:
City: Laramie State: WY ZIP: 82071
Environmental Protection Agency,
Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation
City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
- Report Details
FinalDate:Number of Pages: 54Grant/Contract #: CR808893-01
- How to Obtain Report
Volume II, EE-0272B, considers experimental or contingent valuation approaches to valuing air and water quality improvements, paying particular attention to the benefits of improving visibility in national parks, improving national water quality, reducing risks of exposure to hazardous waste, and reducing ambient ozone concentrations in the South Coast Air Basin.
Volume III, EE-0272C, updates earlier efforts to estimate the benefits of controlling acid deposition. Volume IV, EE-0272D, addresses methods for valuing the economic impacts of air pollution on ecosystems, providing a theoretical model and an empirical illustration using contingent valuation of the condition of a forest stock.
Volumes V, VI, and VII address questions related to air pollution impacts on human health. Volume V, EE-0272E, uses National Academy of Sciences data on twins to examine the effects of elevated levels of sulfur dioxide and total suspended particulates on symptoms including chest pain, cough, and shortness of breath.
Volume VI, EE-0272F, develops a new methodology for estimating the benefits of reduced human morbidity stemming from improved air pollution control and tests that methodology using data from adult residents of St. Louis, MO. This report is Volume VII of the series.
Finally, the original collection of studies included a non-technical discussion of recent developments in estimating the benefits of environmental improvements. A more recent version of that report is contained in the database as EE-0278A.