Environmental Protection Agency
Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
  Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont & 9 Tribal Nations
Begin Hierarchical Links EPA Home > EPA Home > Cleanup > Find NE Sites > OLD SPRINGFIELD LANDFILL End Hierarchical Links


Table of Contents:
 Advanced Search
 Site Type: Long Term/National Priorities List (NPL) Click to see more about Site Type and how it is used?


Map this site in Cleanups in My Community
 Springfield,  Vermont
 Windsor County
 Street Address: WILL DEAN RD
 Zip Code: 05156

 EPA ID #: VTD000860239
 Site ID #: 0101437
 Site Aliases:

 Site Responsibility: Federal, Potentially Responsible Parties

 Proposed Date 12/30/1982
 Final Date 09/08/1983

Site Description
[Back to Top]

This page will automatically redirect to the site's new Site Profile Page at www.epa.gov/superfund/oldspringfield

Please make a note.

The Springfield Landfill site covers 10 acres of a 30-acre parcel of land. The landfill was operated by the Town of Springfield between 1947 and 1968 for the disposal of municipal solid waste and hazardous industrial liquid and semi-liquid waste. The site currently is owned by Springfield Mobile Estates, which operated a trailer park that once consisted of 38 mobile homes. Approximately 60 people resided in the trailer park, which was built on top of the landfill. All residents moved as of June 1990, after selling their trailers to the parties potentially responsible for the site contamination. Investigation of the site found volatile organic compound (VOC) contamination in a spring and a residential well near the mobile home park. The EPA began investigations at the site in 1976, following a resident's complaint of foul-smelling water. Three areas of contamination have been identified at the site where industrial waste was either disposed of separately in trenches or mixed with municipal waste. Approximately 500 people live within a 1-mile radius of the site. Many area residences are hooked up to the public drinking water system. Residents upgradient of the site rely upon private wells for drinking water. The land use within a 1-mile radius is primarily low-density residential housing, light agriculture, undeveloped forest land, and commercial development. The site is located on a terrace above, and 1/4 mile west of, the Black River. Leachate from the site flows out of the side of the steep slopes next to the landfill and eventually reaches the Black River and Seavers Brook; however, neither is used as a drinking water source.

Threats and Contaminants
[Back to Top]

The groundwater, surface water, and sediments are contaminated with VOCs including benzene and vinyl chloride. The on-site soil is contaminated with VOCs, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). On-site workers and residents were at risk by coming into direct contact with or ingesting contaminated groundwater, surface water, soils, or sediments.

Cleanup Approach
[Back to Top]

The remedy selected by the EPA for the cleanup of contaminated groundwater and leachate included the construction of a groundwater pump and treat system, with discharge of the treated water to a publicly owned treatment works. This remedy also calls for regular monitoring of groundwater and leachate, as well as institutional controls to restrict land use at the Site.

Response Action Status
[Back to Top]

Immediate Actions In 1984, the potentially responsible parties connected area residents to the public water supply. In a separate action in 1987, the EPA temporarily relocated 42 families while testing was conducted on the site. The families were returned to their homes within a few weeks.

Leachate and Groundwater The remedy selected by the EPA for cleanup of leachate and groundwater includes: constructing an underground system to collect leachate passing through the site; installing wells to extract contaminated groundwater; treating the collected leachate and groundwater on site or possibly removing the leachate and groundwater to a publicly owned treatment works; monitoring the site; and performing additional studies to determine how to isolate the landfill waste materials from the groundwater. The EPA also plans to place restrictions on future use of groundwater underlying the contaminated area. The potentially responsible parties completed the technical specifications and design for the selected cleanup plan in 1992. Shortly thereafter, the potentially responsible parties began building the leachate collection and groundwater extraction and treatment system. Construction was completed in early 1993. The systems have been operating successfully since startup. Routine operation and maintenance activities will be performed to ensure the continued effectiveness of the cleanup remedy.

Source Control The potentially responsible parties conducted additional studies to determine alternatives for preventing waste materials from entering the groundwater. The investigation was completed in 1990. In late 1991, the potentially responsible parties began design of a variety of methods to control the source of site contamination. These methods include capping Waste Areas 2, 3, and 4; collecting groundwater and surface water in french drains for off site disposal; extracting groundwater in Waste Area 3 with source control wells; collecting and venting landfill gases; stabilizing side slopes; conducting operation and maintenance activities; limiting use of the site via institutional controls; and submitting the area to review every five years. Construction activities were completed in the fall of 1993. The cap is inspected periodically and maintained to ensure its continued effectiveness.

Enforcement HighlightsAn Administrative Order was issued in 1984, requiring the potentially responsible parties to supply an alternate water supply. A second Administrative Order was issued in 1989, requiring the parties to perform a study for a second long-term remedial phase. A partial Consent Agreement was signed in 1990 requiring that the potentially responsible parties conduct cleanup of the leachate and groundwater. A second partial Consent Decree was signed in 1991 requiring that the potentially responsible parties conduct cleanup activities to address the source of contamination.

Environmental Progress
[Back to Top]

Construction of all site remedies has been completed. Provision of a safe drinking water supply, cleanup of the leachate, and ongoing groundwater treatments have reduced the risk of exposure to contaminated materials at the Old Springfield Landfill site. The site will continue to be monitored for several years to ensure the effectiveness of the cleanup actions taken. In 1998 EPA completed the first five year review of the remedial actions at the site. EPA found the remedial actions to be performing satisfactorily and that public health and the environment are being protected. EPA completed a second Five Year Review in 2003, a third Five Year Review in 2008, and a fourth Five Year Review in 2013. Monitoring, maintenance, and inspection activities continue at the Site.

Current Site Status
[Back to Top]

The construction activities for the landfill cap, leachate collection system, and the groundwater pump and treatment system, were completed in 1993. EPA reviews the site every five years to ensure the protection of human health and the environment. EPA has found that the remedial actions are performing satisfactorily. The cap and leachate collection and treatment system are being operated and maintained by the potentially responsible parties with EPA oversight.

Site Photos
[Back to Top]

Links to Other Site Information
[Back to Top]
Disclaimer Instructions about PDF

Newsletters & Press Releases:
Press Releases about this project  

Federal Register Notices:
Final NPL Listing  

Administrative Records:
Administrative Record Index, OU 01 Record of Decision (ROD), September 22, 1988 (876 KB)  
Administrative Record Index, OU 02 Record of Decision (ROD), September 28, 1990 (906 KB)  

Reports and Studies:
Five Year Review Report, Operable Units 1 and 2, September 29, 1998 (493KB)  
Second Five Year Review Report, Operable Units 1 and 2, September 26, 2003 (369 KB)  
Third Five Year Review Report, Operable Units 1 and 2, September 26, 2008 (5.56 MB)  
Fourth Five Year Review Report, August 1, 2013 (7.94 MB)  

Decision Documents:
View Records of Decision (RODS) on-line (EPA HQ)  
Institutional Controls at this SIte  

Other Links:
NPL Site Narrative at Listing:  
Site Progress Profile  

Site Repositories
[Back to Top]

Springfield Public Library, Main Street, Springfield, VT 05156

OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440

[Back to Top

EPA Remedial Project Manager: Kevin Heine
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Sq., Suite 100
Mail Code OSRR07-1
Boston, MA 02109 - 3912
Phone #: 617-918-1321
E-Mail Address: heine.kevin@epa.gov

EPA Community Involvement Coordinator: Rudy Brown
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Sq., Suite 100
Mail Code ORA01-1
Boston, MA 02109 - 3912
Phone #: 617-918-1031
E-Mail Address: brown.rudy@epa.gov

State Agency Contact: Michael B. Smith
Address: VT Dept. of Environmental Conservation
One National Life Drive
Davis One
Montpelier, VT 05602-3704
Phone #: 802-249-5826
E-Mail Address:


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 10 Tribal Nations
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last updated on Wednesday, November 4th, 2015
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/oldspringfield