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06/23/2017RECALLED TAKATA AIRBAG INFLATORSMemo
 Description: This memorandum discusses how RCRA regulations apply to recalled Takata airbag inflators that are subject to the 2015 Preservation Order issued by the US DOT. The Takata airbag inflators are not subject to RCRA Subtitle C regulatory requirements while they are being held under the 2015 DOT Preservation Order because EPA does not consider airbag inflators or other explosives to be “discarded” and therefore subject to the hazardous waste regulations while they are being stored pending judicial proceedings or investigations. At the point the inflators are released from the Preservation Order and other legal action related to the recall, the inflators would be considered solid waste and subject to a hazardous waste determination and any applicable RCRA regulations. EPA considers discarded gas-generating-propellant airbag inflators to exhibit the characteristic of reactivity, waste code D003 (40 CFR 261.23(a)(6)) and airbag inflators containing an oxidizer to exhibit the characteristic of ignitability, waste code D001 (40 CFR 261.21(a)(4)). Deployment of airbag inflators is considered treatment of a hazardous waste and may require a permit if RCRA exemptions and exclusions do not apply. For example, incineration requires a RCRA permit regardless of future materials reclamation.
 
09/26/2012RECOMMENDATION ON THE DISPOSAL OF HOUSEHOLD PHARMACEUTICALS COLLECTED BY TAKE-BACK EVENTS, MAIL-BACK, AND OTHER COLLECTION PROGRAMSMemo
 Description: Although household pharmaceuticals received by collection programs are excluded from federal RCRA hazardous waste regulations (40 CFR 261.4(b)(1)), EPA recommends that such pharmaceuticals be incinerated in a permitted hazardous waste incinerator or cement kiln. When hazardous waste combustion is not feasible, at a minimum, collected household pharmaceuticals should be incinerated at a facility that meets EPA’s Large or Small Municipal Waste Combustor standards.
 
09/01/2006Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases: A Life-Cycle Assessment of Emissions and Sinks; 3rd EditionPublication
 Description: This report examines how municipal solid waste management and climate change are related. Management of municipal solid waste presents many opportunities for greenhouse gas emission reductions. Source reduction and recycling can reduce emissions at the manufacturing stage, increase forest carbon storage, and avoid landfill methane emissions. Combustion of waste allows energy recovery to displace fossil fuel-generated electricity from utilities, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the utility sector and landfill methane emissions. Diverting organic materials from landfills also reduces methane emissions.
 
08/01/2006Environmental Fact Sheet: Issues in MACT Rule Reopened for CommentPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the reconsideration proposed rule for the standards for hazardous air pollutants from hazardous waste combustors. EPA is requesting comment on several issues regarding the national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for new and existing hazardous waste combustors that were issued on October 12, 2005 (70 FR 59402). The NESHAPs are based on the maximum achievable control technology (MACT) for hazardous waste combustors. In addition, EPA is proposing amendments to several compliance and monitoring provisions in the rule.
 
03/01/2006Environmental Fact Sheet: Changes to Pollution Emission Standards for Hazardous Waste Combustors: Administrative Stay And Proposed New StandardsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the three-month administrative stay that EPA is issuing for one of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) requirements for hazardous waste combustors. The Agency is issuing the temporary administrative stay while reconsidering the particulate matter standard for new cement kilns that burn hazardous waste. In a second action, EPA is issuing a proposed rule soliciting comment on a revised particulate matter standard for new sources based on data submitted in a petition from the cement manufacturing industry. These new particulate matter data were not available when the NESHAP was issued in October 2005.
 
09/01/2005Environmental Fact Sheet: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air PollutantsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the final rule from October 12, 2005, that promulgates national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from hazardous waste combustors (HWCs). The standards implement section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act by requiring hazardous waste combustors to meet HAP emission standards reflecting the application of the maximum achievable control technology (MACT).
 
09/01/2005Human Health Risk Assessment Protocol (HHRAP) for Hazardous Waste Combustion Facilities, FinalPublication
 Description: This document contains EPA's generally recommended approach for conducting multi-pathway, site-specific human health risk assessments of RCRA hazardous waste combustors.
 
07/13/2005BURNING OF PHENOL BOTTOMS (K022) IN COMBUSTION UNITSMemo
 Description: Boilers and kilns without an effective RCRA permit are prohibited from accepting hazardous waste. Although K022 has high heating value, due to its hazardous nature, it must only be burned in a combustion device that is permitted to burn hazardous waste. In certain situations, the waste may meet the criteria of a “comparable fuel” under 40 CFR 261.38. Hazardous waste may be burned on site in a RCRA permitted unit. The proposed national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for hazardous waste combustors (Phase I Final Replacement Standards and Phase II Standards) would replace many RCRA combustion technical standards applicable to a boiler that burns hazardous waste.
 
02/23/2004PARTICULATE MATTER CONTINUOUS EMISSIONS MONITORING SYSTEMS (CEMS) REQUIREMENTS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE COMBUSTORSMemo
 Description: The particulate matter continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS) requirements at 40 CFR 63.1209(a)(1)(iii) for hazardous waste combustors are not currently in effect (SEE ALSO: 65 FR 52926; 9/30/99). When finalized, those operational requirements could include: (1) the CEMS relationship to operating perameter limits; (2) documentation that technical issues regarding performance, maintenance, and correlation have been resolved; (3) CEMS-based emission standards; and (4) a schedule for installing, correlating, and monitoring with particulate matter CEMS.
 
05/15/2003HEADQUARTERS REVIEW OF SITE-SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT DECISIONS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE COMBUSTORSMemo
 Description: EPA is requesting summary information about site-specific risk assessment (SSRA) decisions. The Cement Kiln Recycling Coalition (CKRC) petitioned for a rulemaking regarding hazardous waste combustion SSRAs, and CKRC asserts that EPA has and continues to require SSRAs in violation of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). EPA is evaluating CKRC’s petition. EPA has provided a memorandum on the appropriate use of the SSRA policy and guidance (SEE ALSO: RPC# 4/10/2003-01). The review process is not retroactive.
 
04/10/2003USE OF THE SITE-SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT POLICY AND GUIDANCE FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE COMBUSTION FACILITIESMemo
 Description: EPA reiterates the appropriate use of the hazardous waste combustion site-specific risk assessment (SSRA) policy and the omnibus authority as it relates to the SSRA. SSRAs and technical guidance are not regulatory requirements. The SSRA policy was revised (SEE ALSO: 64 FR 52828, 52839; 9/30/99). SSRAs should only be required at facilities where there is reason to believe that operation in accordance with technical standards alone may not be protective. Permitting agencies should document the basis for a SSRA decision in the permit. Only the omnibus authority can require SSRAs. The permitting agency must respond to comments filed on a draft permit objecting to a SSRA and base its response on technical, factual, or legal facts. The permitting agency must include all supporting documentation, including comments, for a permit in the administrative record.
 
07/31/2002SUPPLEMENTAL SUBMISSION TO CKRC PETITIONMemo
 Description: EPA will add a supplemental submission to the Cement Kiln Recycling Coalition (CKRC) hazardous waste combustion site-specific risk assessment petition.
 
11/15/2001REGULATORY STATUS OF THE CATOXID FLUIDIZED BED REACTORMemo
 Description: The Catoxid unit operates as a recycling unit designed to react secondary material feeds to produce a chemical intermediate used directly in the manufacture of EDC. The Catoxid unit is a manufacturing process and does not meet the definition of halogen acid furnace (HAF) (SEE ALSO: 56 FR 7139; 2/21/91). EPA views HAFs as utilizing combustion and as being designed as boilers or operated in a manner similar to boilers. Acid generation that occurs in a closed, controlled chemical manufacturing process is not considered the "production of acid" for purposes of the HAF definition. Secondary materials going to such units are not solid wastes pursuant to the use/reuse exclusion if the process is legitimate recycling. State regulations can be more stringent than the federal regulations.
 
10/03/2001GTX COMBUSTION FACILITYMemo
 Description: Under RCRA, facilities must obtain a permit prior to operating a hazardous waste combustion facility. States authorized to implement the federal RCRA permit program have the primary responsibility to ensure that each permit is protective and meets all necessary requirements. The permit issued to the GTX facility by the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ) was rescinded and later overturned in Louisiana Courts. EPA, LDEQ and GTX have taken measures to add to the protectiveness of the facility’s permit, including upgrading existing combustion equipment, pre-trial and post-trial burn risk assessments, and hazardous waste burning limitations.
 
07/01/2001Risk Burn Guidance for Hazardous Waste Combustion FacilitiesPublication
 Description: This document contains the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste’s (OSW’s) recommendations regarding stack emissions tests which may be performed at hazardous waste combustion facilities for the purpose of supporting multi-pathway, site-specific risk assessments, where such a risk assessment has been determined to be necessary by the permit authority.
 
02/16/2001CLOSURE OF SAFETY-KLEEN'S BRIDGEPORT HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORMemo
 Description: EPA does not provide grants so that a hazardous waste management facility may be upgraded to meet regulatory requirements, including the maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards.
 
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