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01/11/2017Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Public Participation ManualPublication
 Description: This manual explains how to implement public participation activities throughout the RCRA permitting and corrective action processes. In the same way that a user’s manual explains how a car or an appliance works, this manual explains how RCRA public participation works and how community members, regulators and industry can cooperate to make it better. It is for Agency staff, owners/operators of hazardous waste management facilities, community members, and public interest organizations. This manual replaces and supersedes the 1996 RCRA Public Participation Manual (EPA530-R-96-007).
 
06/01/2014RCRA’S Critical Mission & the Path ForwardPublication
 Description: While the RCRA waste management and cleanup program has established a solid foundation for protecting the nation’s health and the environment, its mission continues to evolve to meet waste management and cleanup challenges and leverage opportunities to integrate resource conservation into economic productivity. This document describes the role the RCRA program continues to play in protecting communities, restoring land, and conserving resources across the nation.
 
06/14/2007ENSURING EFFECTIVE AND RELIABLE INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS AT RCRA FACILITIESMemo
 Description: This memorandum emphasizes the need for effective and reliable institutional controls at RCRA facility cleanups, corrective action, and closures where such controls are necessary to provide protection of human health and the environment. It sets forth a number of guiding principles and recommendations that can help EPA and state decision makers on the use of institutional controls at RCRA facilities.
 
04/01/2004Handbook of Groundwater Protection and Cleanup Policies for RCRA Corrective Action (for Facilities Subject to Corrective Action Under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)Publication
 Description: This handbook was developed as part of the RCRA Cleanup Reforms announced by EPA in July 1999 and January 2001. The handbook helps meet the objectives of these reforms by reducing uncertainties and confusion about EPA’s policies concerning groundwater protection and cleanup at RCRA facilities. This revision updates Section 15.0, “Completing Groundwater Remedies,” to ensure that the handbook is consistent with new guidance on completing corrective action at RCRA facilities (68 FR 8757; February 25, 2003). In addition, it updates internal navigational and external Internet links to ensure that resources and cited references are available to the reader. Although this version of the handbook is dated April 2004, the date at the beginning of each policy section reflects the last time EPA made substantive changes (i.e., beyond updating Internet links).
 
02/13/2003FINAL GUIDANCE ON COMPLETION OF CORRECTIVE ACTION ACTIVITIES AT RCRA FACILITIESMemo
 Description: Regions and authorized states make two types of determinations to acknowledge corrective action completion at RCRA facilities. "Corrective action completion with controls" is used where remedies require institutional or other controls for subsequent site use. "Corrective action completion without controls" is used where contamination is removed to levels requiring no further action or controls. EPA outlines general procedures to determine corrective action completion in both cases, but EPA and state agencies retain the discretion to adopt case-by-case approaches that differ from these procedures. EPA outlines procedures whereby agencies can make completion determinations for less than an entire facility (SEE ALSO: 68 FR 8757; 2/25/03)
 
01/28/2002MARJOL BATTERY SITE REMEDY SELECTIONMemo
 Description: EPA Region III considered a broad range of remedy alternatives for the Marjol site through the standard process for making remedial decisions under RCRA. EPA is convinced that the remedy selected for the site is protective and appropriate. Within the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, the Technology Innnovation Office (TIO) serves as an advocate for innovative and effective remediation technologies.
 
10/31/2001CORRECTIVE ACTION GOALS AT CHEVRON FACILITIESMemo
 Description: EPA and the states have documented that both human exposures and the further migration of contaminated groundwater are controlled at six of the Chevron facilities on EPA’s baseline. While these two environmental indicators do not reflect corrective action completion, they are critical short-term milestones EPA uses to focus both facilities and regulators on achieving results and improving public confidence. In response to comments, EPA agrees that it needs to provide more finality on corrective action completion, supports efforts to focus results on expected end-uses of properties, and intends to look for flexibility in the upcoming Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU) final rule.
 
10/01/2001Handbook of Groundwater Protection and Cleanup Policies For RCRA Corrective Action (Fact sheet)Publication
 Description: This fact sheet explains the content and uses of EPA's Handbook of Groundwater Protection and Cleanup Policies For RCRA Corrective Action (EPA530-R-04-030).
 
06/01/2001UNIVERSAL WASTE RELEASE RESPONSEQuestion & Answer
 Description: The cleanup residue resulting from the spill of a universal waste pesticide must meet the Part 273 definition of a universal waste pesticide in order to be managed as a universal waste. If the cleanup residue does not meet the definition of a universal waste, it is subject to all applicable Subtitle C requirements if it is hazardous.
 
05/15/2001LAND DISPOSAL RESTRICTION REQUIREMENTS FOR CHARACTERISTIC WASTESMemo
 Description: Characteristic wastewaters that are mixed with a solid waste and decharacterized are still subject to 268.40 standards, including treatment for underlying hazardous constituents (UHCs). Characteristic wastewaters may be mixed with solid wastes or otherwise diluted and then injected into deep underground wells or placed in surface impoundments subject to controls imposed by the Clean Water Act (CWA) without meeting 268.40 standards. An accidental spill of hazardous waste that is promptly cleaned up is not considered land placement. LDR treatment standards apply to contaminated soils that exhibit a characteristic or contain a listed waste. LDRs attach to a hazardous waste contaminated soil when it is excavated and when it is ultimately going to be placed in a land disposal unit. LDRs will apply until standards are met even if the soil is subsequently decharacterized. If a soil contaminated by a characteristic waste does not exhibit a characteristic when it is excavated, then LDRs do not apply. Any deliberate mixing of hazardous waste with soil in order to change its treatment classification is impermissible dilution and illegal.
 
04/05/2001REFLECTING RCRA CLEANUP REFORMS IN MOAS BETWEEN EPA AND STATES AUTHORIZED FOR CORRECTIVE ACTIONMemo
 Description: OSWER’s announcement of the RCRA Cleanup Reforms in July of 1999 emphasized a results-oriented focus, more flexible approaches, and meeting Environmental Indicators. On January 11, 2001, OSWER announced a second set of reforms that built upon the July 1999 reforms and added new initiatives to strengthen them. EPA’s operating agreements with State agencies should reflect and emphasize the RCRA Cleanup Reforms. For that purpose, as a component of the second round of reforms, EPA has developed the model language set forth in this memorandum for States to include in new or renegotiated Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs) where States are authorized for RCRA Corrective Action.
 
01/01/2001RCRA Cleanup Reforms; Reforms II: Fostering Creative SolutionsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discuss the 2001 RCRA Reforms which reinforce and build upon the 1999 Reforms and will pilot innovative approaches, accelerate changes in culture, connect communities to cleanup and capitalize on redevelopment, while maintaining protection of human health and the environment.
 
12/27/2000APPLICABILITY OF RCRA SECTION 3020 TO IN-SITU TREATMENT OF GROUND WATERMemo
 Description: NO SIGNED PAPER COPY AVAILABLE - Reinjection of treated groundwater to promote in-situ treatment is allowed under RCRA 3020(b) as long as certain conditions are met: groundwater must be treated prior to reinjection; treatment must be intended to substantially reduce hazardous constituents in groundwater either before or after reinjection; cleanup must be protective of human health and environment; and injection must be part of RCRA corrective action or response action under CERCLA 104 or 106 (SEE ALSO: OSWER Directive 9234.1-06; December 27, 1989).
 
11/13/2000IMPLEMENTATION OF VACATURE OF TCLP USE FOR EVALUATING MANUFACTURED GAS PLANT (MGP) WASTES IN THE BATTERY RECYCLERS CASEMemo
 Description: D.C. Court of Appeals vacated use of TCLP for evaluating manufactured gas plant (MGP) waste (Association of Battery Recyclers, Inc., et al. v. US EPA). MGP waste cannot be classified as toxicity characteristic (TC) hazardous, since TCLP test is part of TC regulatory definition. MGP wastes unlikely to exhibit other characteristics. MGP wastes may be regulated under broader in scope state programs, state cleanup programs, or state industrial waste programs (SEE ALSO: 65 FR 51087; 8/22/00; RPC# 10/19/00-01).
 
10/19/2000MANUFACTURED GAS PLANT (MGP) REMEDIATION WASTE Memo
 Description: TCLP cannot be used to determine whether manufactured gas plant (MGP) waste is hazardous due to court ruling (Association of Battery Recyclers, Inc., et al. v. US EPA). MGP remediation waste is not listed but may be hazardous if exhibit ignitable, corrosive, or reactive characteristic, though unlikely. MGP remediation waste determined to be nonhazardous would be governed by state industrial or nonhazardous waste regulations (SEE ALSO: 65 FR 51087; 8/22/00; RPC# 11/13/00-01).
 
07/18/2000GENERATOR TREATMENT OF SOIL IN A CONTAINERMemo
 Description: Generators may treat wastes in accumulation tanks and containers as long as they comply with the provisions of 262.34. Generator treatment exemption may apply to treatment of hazardous waste cleanups (SEE ALSO: RPC# 10/14/98-01). Authorized state program may have more stringent requirements.
 
12/03/1999CALL FOR REGIONAL/STATE RCRA BROWNFIELDS PILOT PROJECTSMemo
 Description: EPA looking for two to three national pilots for RCRA Brownfields Prevention Initiative. Pilot proposals should support and promote Agency’s goals of expediting clean up while preserving enforcement authority, maintaining accountability, and ensuring public involvement.
 
10/07/1999RESPONSE TO ADMINISTRATIVE PROPOSED REFORMS SUBMITTED BY THE RCRA CORRECTIVE ACTION PROJECTMemo
 Description: OSW responds to proposed administrative reforms for the RCRA Corrective Action program submitted by the RCRA Corrective Action Project (an industry group). Topics of discussion include the RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI), environmental indicators, solid waste management units (SWMUs), screening levels, ecological risk assessments, cleanup goals, point of compliance, alternate concentration limits (ACLs), Corrective Measures selection, monitored natural attenuation, and cooperation between OSW , states, and Regions.
 
07/01/1999RCRA Cleanup ReformsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet summarizes the RCRA Cleanup Reforms Initiative, which is designed to achieve faster, more efficient cleanups at RCRA sites.
 
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