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Show details for Air Emissions (RCRA)Air Emissions (RCRA)
Show details for BatteriesBatteries
Show details for Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT)Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT)
Show details for Bevill AmendmentBevill Amendment
Show details for BoilersBoilers
Show details for BurningBurning
Show details for Buy RecycledBuy Recycled
Show details for Characteristic WastesCharacteristic Wastes
Show details for Chemicals (RCRA)Chemicals (RCRA)
Show details for CleanupCleanup
Show details for Cleanup (RCRA)Cleanup (RCRA)
Show details for Closure (Hazardous Waste)Closure (Hazardous Waste)
Hide details for CombustionCombustion
 Description: This letter informs VMS that its biomass derived fuel (BDF) processed from municipal solid waste would be considered a non-waste fuel under the 40 CFR Part 241 regulations provided specifications outlined in the letter are maintained including: a moisture content of 2% or less (verified by daily composite sampling); and an ash content of 25% or less (on a dry basis verified by daily composite sampling). In addition, to be considered a non-waste, the BDF must be combusted in a unit designed to burn coal, and BDF use cannot exceed 30% of the coal fuel required to operate the combustion unit.
12/01/2014Fact Sheet: Final Rule on Coal Combustion Residuals Generated by Electric UtilitiesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes the final rule that established a comprehensive set of requirements for the disposal of coal combustion residuals (CCRs), commonly known as coal ash, generated by electric utilities in landfills and surface impoundments. The rule established technical requirements for CCR landfills and surface impoundments under Subtitle D of RCRA, the nation's primary law for regulating solid waste. The rule established requirements for both existing and new CCR landfills and surface impoundments, including lateral expansions of any existing unit.
 Description: Spent baghouse filters which are removed from the air pollution control equipment at a waste-to-energy facility, double bagged to ensure containment, then removed from the baghouse building and directly transferred to the waste feed area and inserted into the combustor are still constructively within the resource recovery facility and thus, would remain excluded from RCRA Subtitle C control. Thus, materials transferred to the waste combustion unit as soon as possible have not left the resource recovery facility and therefore the operator does not have to determine whether the filters become subject to hazardous waste regulations (SEE ALSO: 60 FR 6666; 2/3/95).
02/01/2011Fact Sheet: Identification of Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Wastes Final RulePublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses a series of rules that will provide substantial reductions in the release of hazardous air pollutants into the atmosphere, and provide substantial benefits to the many communities where these units are located. The four rules were developed together because of the interrelationship among them. Three of the rules establish emission standards under the Clean Air Act (CAA), while the other rule was developed under RCRA. The RCRA rule clarifies which non-hazardous secondary materials are, or are not, solid wastes when burned in combustion units.
08/01/2009Environmental Fact Sheet: Coal Combustion Residues (CCR) - Surface Impoundments with High Hazard Potential RatingsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet presents the results of EPA's effort to identify and assess the structural integrity of impoundments, dams, or other management units, within the electric power generating industry, holding wet-handled coal combustion residuals (CCRs). EPA last updated this fact sheet in April 2012.
 Description: EPA has placed a high priority on ensuring that coal ash is managed safely and EPA will act expeditiously to address this issue.
 Description: In the RCRA statue, EPA temporarily excluded certain large-volume coal combustion wastes from being regulated as hazardous waste, pending completion of a regulatory determination. In 1993, EPA determined that fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas emission control dust from coal burning utilities did not warrant regulation as hazardous waste (SEE: 58 FR 42466; 261.4(b)(4)). In 2000, EPA concluded that the remaining coal combustion wastes did not warrant regulation as hazardous waste. However, EPA also determined that national nonhazardous waste regulations were appropriate for CCW disposed in surface impoundments or used as fill in surface or underground mines (SEE: 65 FR 32214). This determination was based on (1) the constituents present in these wastes include toxic metals, (2) there were 11 documented cases of proven dangers from improper management of these wastes in landfills and surface impoundments, (3) lack of controls, such as liners and groundwater monitoring, and (4) gaps had been identified in state oversight
 Description: There are energy recovery facilities throughout the country that use waste materials as sources of energy. Some municipal solid waste is sent to boilers where the heat generated from the combustion process produces steam. Steam is directed to a turbine, and the electricity produced is sent to the power grid. About 2,700 megawatts of electrical power is generated in this way. There are 87 of these types of energy recovery facilities in the United States. The power produced from the combustion of waste is relatively small when compared to the power produced from coal, natural gas, and oil, it is important to realize that this waste would otherwise be sent to a landfill and its energy lost. Carbon monoxide is present when combustion occurs. There are standards to assure that the release of gases from combustion, including carbon monoxide, are at the lowest level achievable using the best pollution control technology available.
 Description: EPA has determined that bottom ash from the combustion of fossil fuels does not warrant regulation as hazardous waste pursuant to RCRA (see 65 FR 32213; May 22,2000). Carbon in the bottom ash or unburned pulverized coal that was not oxidized during the combustion process is simply part of the bottom ash, and therefore is also exempt from the hazardous waste requirements. There are no significant amounts of organic compounds which can be subject to degradation, and therefore bottom ash and unburned pulverized coal are not biodegradable. There is no Federal requirement to separate the carbon content of bottom ash. There are studies that estimate the data on polychlorinated phenolics (PCPs) and the ratio of ratio of unburned carbon in bottom ash. EPA is not aware of a corrosion rating system for materials used on roads.
 Description: EPA is considering regulatory determination for coal combustion wastes. Additional information on the disposal of CCW in landfills is available for public review, including a draft risk assessment on the management of CCW in landfills and surface impoundments.
 Description: Three new analyses have become available since EPA’s 2000 Regulatory Determination on coal combustion wastes: (1) a joint study between EPA and DOE on the disposal of CCW in landfills and surface impoundments; (2) an assessment of environmental damage cases resulting from disposal of CCW in landfills and surface impoundments; and (3) a risk assessment conducted by EPA on the management of CCW in landfills and surface impoundments. EPA intends to publish a NODA soliciting comments on these documents. The NODA will also include a February 2004 Petition for Rulemaking, a Voluntary Action Plan by the electric utility industry, and a proposed framework prepared by citizens’ groups. EPA will consider all these documents as well as comments and all new information submitted in response to the NODA.
 Description: The particulate matter continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS) requirements at 40 CFR 63.1209(a)(1)(iii) for hazardous waste combustors are not currently in effect (SEE ALSO: 65 FR 52926; 9/30/99). When finalized, those operational requirements could include: (1) the CEMS relationship to operating perameter limits; (2) documentation that technical issues regarding performance, maintenance, and correlation have been resolved; (3) CEMS-based emission standards; and (4) a schedule for installing, correlating, and monitoring with particulate matter CEMS.
08/01/1999Environmental Fact Sheet: Management Standards Proposed For Cement Kiln Dust WastePublication
 Description: Announces EPA's promotion of pollution prevention, recycling, and safer disposal of cement kiln dust (CKD) by proposing management standards for this waste. Proposed standards provide a new, tailored framework that safeguards groundwater and limits risk from releases of dust to air.
03/01/1999Report to Congress: Wastes From the Combustion of Fossil Fuels, Volume 1 Executive SummaryPublication
 Description: This executive summary discusses EPA's Report to Congress on wastes from the combustion of fossil fuels, which provides an overview of fossil fuel combustion waste management in the United States, reviews current management practices each of the remaining waste categories, and lists the Agency's findings and recommendations for the categories.
03/01/1999Report to Congress: Wastes from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels, Volume 2 - Methods, Findings, and RecommendationsPublication
 Description: This report includes an overview of fossil fuel combustion waste management in the United States, provides a detailed discussion of the management practices in the specified sectors, and includes a discussion of the Agency's findings and recommendations. Pursuant to Section 8002(n), EPA evaluated the management of the remaining fossil fuel combustion wastes in order to make a final regulatory determination. The remaining fossil fuel combustion wastes include coal fired utility co-managed wastes, non-utility coal combustion wastes, fluidized bed combustion wastes, oil combustion wastes, and natural gas combustion wastes.
Show details for Combustion of Hazardous WasteCombustion of Hazardous Waste
Show details for ComplianceCompliance
Show details for CompostingComposting
Show details for Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG)Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG)
Show details for Construction and Demolition WastesConstruction and Demolition Wastes
Show details for ContainersContainers
Show details for Containment BuildingsContainment Buildings
Show details for Corrective Action (RCRA)Corrective Action (RCRA)
Show details for Corrosive WastesCorrosive Wastes
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Show details for Educational MaterialsEducational Materials
Show details for Enforcement (RCRA)Enforcement (RCRA)
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Show details for Exclusions (RCRA)Exclusions (RCRA)
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Show details for F-wastesF-wastes
Show details for Financial Assurance (hazardous waste)Financial Assurance (hazardous waste)
Show details for Financial Assurance (nonhazardous waste)Financial Assurance (nonhazardous waste)
Show details for GasGas
Show details for GeneratorGenerator
Show details for GeneratorsGenerators
Show details for Grants (hazardous Waste)Grants (hazardous Waste)
Show details for Grants (municipal solid waste)Grants (municipal solid waste)
Show details for Groundwater MonitoringGroundwater Monitoring
Show details for Hazardous WasteHazardous Waste
Show details for Hazardous waste dataHazardous waste data
Show details for Hazardous Waste IdentificationHazardous Waste Identification
Show details for Hazardous Waste RecyclingHazardous Waste Recycling
Show details for Household Hazardous WasteHousehold Hazardous Waste
Show details for Identification of Hazardous WasteIdentification of Hazardous Waste
Show details for ImportsImports
Show details for IncinerationIncineration
Show details for IncineratorsIncinerators
Show details for Industrial FurnacesIndustrial Furnaces
Show details for Industrial WasteIndustrial Waste
Show details for Industrial WastesIndustrial Wastes
Show details for Jobs Through Recycling ProgramJobs Through Recycling Program
Show details for K-wastesK-wastes
Show details for Land Disposal RestrictionsLand Disposal Restrictions
Show details for Land Disposal UnitsLand Disposal Units
Show details for Land Treatment UnitsLand Treatment Units
Show details for LandfillsLandfills
Show details for Large Quantity Generators (LQG)Large Quantity Generators (LQG)
Show details for Legislation (hazardous waste)Legislation (hazardous waste)
Show details for Liability (Hazardous Waste)Liability (Hazardous Waste)
Show details for Listing Hazardous WasteListing Hazardous Waste
Show details for ManifestManifest
Show details for Medical WasteMedical Waste
Show details for Mercury WastesMercury Wastes
Show details for Military MunitionsMilitary Munitions
Show details for Mining WasteMining Waste
Show details for Miscellaneous UnitsMiscellaneous Units
Show details for Mixed Waste (radioactive waste)Mixed Waste (radioactive waste)
Show details for Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste
Show details for Native Americans - TribesNative Americans - Tribes
Show details for Natural GasNatural Gas
Show details for Nonhazardous WasteNonhazardous Waste
Show details for OilOil
Show details for Oil FiltersOil Filters
Show details for P-wastesP-wastes
Show details for PCBsPCBs
Show details for Permits and PermittingPermits and Permitting
Show details for PetitionsPetitions
Show details for Petroleum Refining WastesPetroleum Refining Wastes
Show details for Polychorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)Polychorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
Show details for Post-closure (hazardous waste)Post-closure (hazardous waste)
Show details for ProcurementProcurement
Show details for Public ParticipationPublic Participation
Show details for Radioactive Mixed WasteRadioactive Mixed Waste
Show details for Reactive WastesReactive Wastes
Show details for RecyclingRecycling
Show details for Reducing WasteReducing Waste
Show details for Scrap MetalScrap Metal
Show details for Siting (waste facilities)Siting (waste facilities)
Show details for Small Quantity Generators (SQG)Small Quantity Generators (SQG)
Show details for Solid WasteSolid Waste
Show details for SolventsSolvents
Show details for Source ReductionSource Reduction
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Show details for State Programs (RCRA)State Programs (RCRA)
Show details for StorageStorage
Show details for Surface ImpoundmentsSurface Impoundments
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Show details for Test MethodsTest Methods
Show details for Toxicity CharacteristicToxicity Characteristic
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Show details for U-wastesU-wastes
Show details for Underground Storage Tanks (UST)Underground Storage Tanks (UST)
Show details for Universal WasteUniversal Waste
Show details for Used OilUsed Oil
Show details for VariancesVariances
Show details for Waste Determinations for Combusted Non-Hazardous Secondary MaterialsWaste Determinations for Combusted Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials
Show details for Waste MinimizationWaste Minimization
Show details for Waste PilesWaste Piles
Show details for Waste ReductionWaste Reduction
Show details for Wood Preserving WastesWood Preserving Wastes
Show details for (Not Categorized)(Not Categorized)
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