Environmental Economics

Water Pollution Control Benefits and Costs: Volume II, Research Needs and Priorities

The principal objective of this report is to specify research needs and priorities involving water pollution control costs and benefits. In addition, a major extension toward development of cost-minimization methodological approach for water quality management is presented. Research needs and priorities are based both on a state-of-the-art review and critical evaluation of methodologies and approaches to water quality management which have been used. An analytical framework is presented in Section 2. The report is divided into six sections, as follows:

    1. Background Perspectives and Research Needs
    2. A General Methodological Approach
    3. Economic Cost of Pollution
    4. Cost of Pollution Abatement
    5. Estimating Water Quality as a Function of Pollution Control
    6. Conclusions and Directions of Future Work.
Section 1 reviews the state-of-the-art findings plus additional partial equilibrium approaches. A critical evaluation of existing work is made and research needs and priorities stated. Section 2 presents and recommends a partial equilibrium technique for future use. Sections 3, 4, and 5 are needed extensions arising from the methodological approach adopted in Section 2. The final section presents general conclusions and outlines some specific areas of study which are proposed for further consideration by EPA. There are also the following appendices:
    1. Water Pollution Control Cost and Benefit Estimates
    2. Water Quality Associated with Health Impact
    3. Specific Pollutant Sources, Damages, and Potential Treatment Methods
    4. Critical Levels and Damage Thresholds for Selected Pollutants.
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis
2. Cost-Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis - Methodology
Environmental Media:
b. Water
b. Water - Surface
Jordening, David L.
Allwood, James K.
EPA Project Officer/ Manager:
Abel, Fred
Geographic Area:
Study Purpose:
Methodology Development & Evaluation
Report Series:
Water Pollution Control Benefits and Costs
Inventory Record #: EE-0210B
List of all reports in the Series:
  • Participating Organizations

    Research Organization:

    Development Planning and Research Associates, Inc.Address:
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
    Funding Organization:
    Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Implementation Research Division,
    Economic Analysis Branch
    City: Washington State: DC ZIP: 20460
    Phone: Fax:
  • Report Details
    Number of Pages:
    EPA #:
    NTIS #:
    Grant/Contract #:
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    Date Linked: 08/25/2017
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    You will need the following NTIS report #: PB-228602