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EPA's National Center for Environmental Economics (NCEE) requested SAB consultative advice on ways to improve the metrics for the valuation of mortality risk reduction associated with EPAactions. The valuation of mortality risk reduction is an integral part of the economic analyses performed by EPA as recognized in its Guidelines for Preparing Economic Analyses (2000). However, because economic research on valuing health risk reductions is rapidly evolving, new information and approaches have become available since the release of the Guidelines. EPA requested advice because it was in the process of revisiting current estimates and methods used for valuing health risk reductions and plans to revise the Guidelines accordingly.