EPA ID# ORD095003687
EPA Region 10
Multnomah County

3rd Congressional District

Other Names: Gould Inc Metals Div - Portland, N L Industries, GNB Batteries
Last Update: November, 2005

Hide details for Site DescriptionSite Description

The Gould, Inc. site covers about 10 acres in an industrial area in northwestern Portland, Oregon, known as the Doane Lake area. A secondary lead smelter and lead oxide production facility operated at the site from 1949 until 1981. Smelter waste and approximately 87,000 tons of battery casings were disposed of on the site, and an estimated 6 million gallons of acid were discharged to a lake remnant adjacent to the facility. Soil, debris, disposed casings, and lake sediments were contaminated with lead from prior site operations. Organic contamination from a former herbicide/pesticide production facility located adjacent to the site was commingled with the waste. A few residences and rental units are located to the south and west of the site. Approximately 270 people are employed by the businesses in the vicinity and on the site. About 10,000 people live within one mile of the site.

Site Responsibility: This site has been addressed through federal and potentially responsible parties' actions.

NPL Listing HistoryDates
Proposed Date:12/30/1982
Removed Date:
Withdrawal Date:
Final Date:09/08/1983
Deleted Date:09/30/2002

Hide details for Threats and ContaminantsThreats and Contaminants

Media Affected: Groundwater, Soil & Sludges, Surface Water
Prior to the cleanup, lead and organic compounds were detected in on-site groundwater. Lead, arsenic, and organic compounds were present in the sediments of the East Doane Lake remnant. Soil contained arsenic, lead and cadmium. Potential health risks existed for individuals who might accidentally ingest contaminated soil, sediments, surface water, or groundwater. Access to the site was restricted, thereby reducing the potential for people to come into direct contact with contamination.

Hide details for Cleanup ProgressCleanup Progress

The cleanup of the Gould site was conducted by the site potentially responsible parties (PRPs). Between 1993 and 1995, an estimated 24,500 tons of battery casings were treated in a battery separation and treatment process, with 88 tons of coarse lead and 244 tons of plastic recycled off site. Approximately 20,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil and smelter waste were treated by stabilization and stored on-site. Based on new information about conditions at the site, EPA determined in 1996 that operation of the battery casing treatment process was no longer appropriate for completing the cleanup at the site. EPA subsequently directed the PRPs to evaluate other cleanup alternatives. In June 1997, EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) Amendment to modify the remedy. The modified remedy included excavation of the remaining contaminated soil and other material, stabilization of the most contaminated material, and placement of all on-site contaminated material in an on-site containment facility, constructed with a double liner and leachate collection system. Construction of the on-site containment facility began in May 1999 and was completed in December 1999. An estimated 77,000 cubic yards of contaminated material were placed in the on-site containment facility prior to capping with a protective composite cap. Topsoil and vegetative cover for the on-site containment facility, the stormwater collection system, and final site backfill and grading were completed in the summer of 2000. The leachate collection system is operational. Access to the site is restricted by security fencing. Groundwater is being monitored and periodic inspections are performed to ensure that the remedy is functioning as designed and the remedy remains protective. Five year reviews were conducted in September 1997 and September 1992.

Hide details for Regional ContactsRegional Contacts

SITE MANAGER(S):Chip Humphrey
E-MAIL ADDRESS:humphrey.chip@epa.gov
PHONE NUMBER:503-326-2678
E-MAIL ADDRESSSmith.Judy@epa.gov
PHONE NUMBER:503-326-6994
Information pertaining to this site is housed at the following location(s):
EPA Region 10 Superfund Records Center (Administrative Records)
1200 Sixth Avenue, ECL-076
Seattle, WA 98101

Multnomah County Library (Administrative Records)
801 Southwest 10th
Portland, OR 97205

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (Administrative Records)
Environmental Cleanup Division, Records Management Section
811 Southwest 6th Avenue, 9th Floor
Portland, OR 97204