Sphagnum Bog Report
Characteristics of the low-elevation Sphagnum-dominated peatlands of western Washington: a community profile
This document, called for short, "the bog book", is a compilation of information and data about Sphagnum-dominated peatlands from existing local sources, most of which are unpublished. In addition to presenting primary data, the relationship to key literature from other regions and countries is often discussed, so that the reader can relate information about western Washington peatlands to other areas. The document includes an introductory chapter, four topic chapters as well as an extensive appendix. This report was prepared by the King County Department of Water and Land Resources with financial assistance from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The chapter descriptions presented here were provided by the Department of Water and Land Resources staff.
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|Chapter 1: Summarizes the unique characteristics of peatlands, classification, terminology and how peatlands in the report were identified. In chapter 1 you will find out how bogs|
and fens differ, and appreciate the fact that there is no one correct answer to the question "is it a bog or a fen?" You will know that the answer depends upon the classification system used, and that the distinction between bog and fen may not be
able to be made without using sophisticated sampling techniques.
| (328 KB) |
|Chapter 2: Presents the physical properties of peatlands in general, but particularly emphasizes the characteristics of western Washington peatlands and their watersheds.|| (517 KB)|
|Chapter 3: Presents the chemical properties of peatlands. Data from four local peatlands in King County are given. In addition, data characterizing the chemistry of other|
environmental waters, such as precipitation, groundwater and other wetland types, is given for contrast. If you read Chapter 3, you should find out that the water of bogs is unlike the water of other wetlands, and fairly closely resembles rainwater.
|Chapter 4: Explores the nature of Sphagnum moss itself, presenting general information as well as specific information about western Washington species.|| (502 KB)|
|Chapter 5: Features information about peatland vegetation communities of two bioregions in western Washington: the Olympic Peninsula and the Puget Trough. The work of Linda Kunze, done in 1994 for the Washington Natural Heritage Program, is summarized in addition to other observations. || (529 KB)|
|Appendix A: Preliminary Management Guidelines||(98 KB)|
|Draft Research Needs||(62 KB)|
|Appendix B: Itemizes all the Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in western Washington by county, with general township and range information. ||(44 KB)|
|Appendix C: Background data||(695 KB)|
|Appendix D: Bibliography||(174 KB)|
|Appendix E: Draft key to Sphagnum species||(83 KB)|