SIP - SWCAA - Section 400-105
SWAPCA 400-105 RECORDS, MONITORING AND REPORTING
The owner or operator of each registered source or emission unit shall maintain records on the type and quantity of emissions from the source and other information deemed necessary to determine whether the source is in compliance with applicable emission limitations, and control measures. Sources that are not subject to the registration requirements of SWAPCA 400-100 because they are exempt under SWAPCA 400-101 shall nevertheless maintain records and other information necessary and sufficient to substantiate that their small quantity emissions are less than the applicable thresholds.
(1) Emission inventory.
(a) When requested, the owner(s) or operator(s) of any air contaminant source shall submit an inventory of emissions from the source each year to the Authority. The inventory shall include stack and fugitive emissions of particulate matter, PM10, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, total reduced sulfur compounds (TRS), fluorides, lead, VOCs, and toxic air pollutants identified in WAC 173-460. The owner(s) or operator(s) shall maintain records of information necessary to substantiate any reported emissions, consistent with the averaging times for the applicable standards.
(b) The emission inventory form supplied by the Authority shall be completed and returned to the Authority by April 15th for the following sources:
(i) Sources with the potential to emit over 100 tons of criteria pollutants, 10 tons of a single hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons of combined hazardous air pollutants, sources subject to NSPS, except Subpart AAA, and sources subject to NESHAPS, except Subpart M, sources are required to submit an emissions inventory. Only the hazardous air pollutants listed in Section 112 of the FCAA are considered for inclusion as hazardous air pollutant emissions for the purpose of determining those sources required to submit an emissions inventory. Minimum data required for the emissions inventory includes: emissions type, emissions quantity, process data, stack parameters, operating schedule, control equipment and boiler capacity.
(ii) In ozone nonattainment areas, those sources that emit over 10.0 tons of VOCs per year or over 25.0 tons per year of NOx are also required to submit emission inventories. Minimum data required for the emissions inventory includes: emissions type, emissions quantity, process data, stack parameters, operating schedule, control equipment, and equipment capacity. Sources subject to this section are also required to submit daily emissions data for NOX, and VOCs in preparation for the SIP update.
(iii) Sources with actual emissions or potential to emit greater than 50% of the Title V permit thresholds as identified in (i) above.
(2) Monitoring. The Authority shall conduct a continuous surveillance program to monitor the quality of the ambient atmosphere as to concentrations and movements of air contaminants. As a part of this program, the Control Officer or an authorized representative may require any source under the jurisdiction of the Authority to conduct stack and/or ambient air monitoring and to report the results to the Authority.
(3) Investigation of conditions. Upon presentation of appropriate credentials, for the purpose of investigating conditions specific to the control, recovery, or release of air contaminants into the atmosphere, personnel from the Authority shall have the power to enter at reasonable times upon any private or public property, excepting non-multiple unit private dwellings housing one or two families.
(4) Source testing. To determine compliance, evaluate control equipment performance, evaluate RACT or quantify emissions the Authority may conduct or require that a test be conducted of the source or any emissions unit within the jurisdiction of the Authority. Source testing shall be performed using appropriate sampling and analytical methods from 40 CFR 60 Appendix A which are adopted by reference, or alternate procedures approved by the Authority. The operator of a source shall provide the necessary platform and sampling ports for Authority personnel or others to perform a test of an emissions unit. The Authority shall be allowed to obtain a sample from any emissions unit. The operator of the source shall be given an opportunity to observe the sampling and to obtain a sample at the same time.
(5) Continuous monitoring and recording. Owners and operators of the following categories of sources shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate equipment for continuously monitoring and recording those emissions specified.
(iv) Synthetic minor or Title V opt out sources.
(a) Fossil fuel-fired steam generators.
(i) Opacity, except where:
(a) Steam generator capacity is less than two hundred fifty million Btu per hour heat input; or
(b) Only gaseous fuel is burned.
(ii) Sulfur dioxide, except where steam generator capacity is less than two hundred fifty million Btu per hour heat input or if sulfur dioxide control equipment is not required.
(iii) Percent oxygen or carbon dioxide where such measurements are necessary for the conversion of sulfur dioxide continuous emission monitoring data.
(iv) General exception. These requirements do not apply to a fossil fuel-fired steam generator with an annual average capacity factor of less than thirty percent, as reported to the Federal Power Commission for calendar year 1974, or as otherwise demonstrated to the Authority by the owner(s) or operator(s).
(b) Sulfuric acid plants. Sulfur dioxide where production capacity is more than three hundred tons per day, expressed as one hundred percent acid, except for those facilities where conversion to sulfuric acid is utilized primarily as a means of preventing emissions to the atmosphere of sulfur dioxide or other sulfur compounds.
(c) Fludized bed catalytic cracking units catalyst regenerators at petroleum refineries. Opacity where fresh feed capacity is more than twenty thousand barrels per day.
(d) Wood residue fuel-fired steam generators.
(i) Opacity, except where steam generator capacity is less than one hundred million Btu per hour heat input.
(ii) Continuous monitoring equipment. The requirements of SWAPCA 400-105(5)(e) do not apply to wood residue fuel-fired steam generators, but continuous monitoring equipment required by SWAPCA 400-105(5)(d) shall be subject to approval by the Authority
(e) Owners and operators of those sources required to install continuous monitoring equipment under this section shall demonstrate to the Authority, compliance with the equipment and performance specifications and observe the reporting requirements contained in 40 CFR Part 51, Appendix P, Sections 3, 4 and 5, promulgated October 6, 1975, and amended November 7, 1986, which is adopted by reference.
(f) Special considerations. If for reason of physical plant limitations or extreme economic situations, the Authority determines that continuous monitoring is not a reasonable requirement, alternative monitoring and reporting procedures shall be established on an individual basis. Alternative monitoring and reporting procedures may include continuous monitoring of process/operational parameters as a surrogate to continuous emissions monitoring and/or stack tests conducted at a frequency sufficient to determine compliance with applicable regulations and permit requirements as well as to quantify emissions.
(g) Exemptions. This subsection (5) does not apply to any source which is:
(i) Subject to a new source performance standard. NSPS sources shall be governed by SWAPCA 400-115.
(ii) Not subject to an applicable emission standard.
(h) Monitoring system malfunctions. A source may be temporarily exempted from the monitoring and reporting requirements of this section during periods of monitoring system malfunctions provided that the source owner(s) or operator(s) shows to the satisfaction of the Authority that the malfunction was unavoidable and is being repaired as expeditiously as practicable.
(6) Change in raw materials or fuels for sources not subject to requirements of the Operating Permit Program. Any change or series of changes in raw material or fuel which will result in a cumulative increase in emissions of sulfur dioxide of forty tons per year or more over that stated in the initial inventory required by SWAPCA 400-105(1) shall require the submittal of sufficient information to the Authority to determine the effect of the increase upon ambient concentrations of sulfur dioxide. The Authority may issue regulatory orders requiring controls to reduce the effect of such increases. Cumulative changes in raw material or fuel of less than 0.5 percent increase or decrease in average annual sulfur content over the initial inventory shall not require such notice.
State effective: 9/21/95; EPA effective: 4/28/97