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The Underground Injection Control (UIC) program is designed to prevent ground water contamination from injection wells. Most injection wells are relatively simple devices used to place fluids into the shallow subsurface under the force of gravity. Examples include sumps, drywells, and drainfields. The threat posed to ground water quality depends mostly upon the volume and nature of the fluids injected, well construction, and the hydrogeologic setting. The federal UIC regulations and additional state requirements are based upon a protective performance standard. See our UIC frequently asked questions for more information.
|Public Comment Opportunities|
Public comments accepted from March 13 – April 15, 2013 on Proposed Modification of an Existing Class 1 Underground Injection Control Permit for the Disposal of Oil-Field Fluids and Non-Hazardous Industrial Waste Fluids at the Nikaitchuq Unit, Beaufort Sea, Alaska.
Class 1 injection wells are used for the deep disposal of industrial waste. EPA is responsible for regulating Class 1 injection wells in Alaska. The Nikaitchuq wells are located on the North Slope area of Alaska. Class 1 injection wells per this permit inject deeper than 4300 below sea level.
|UIC Manuals and Guides|
EPA's Onsite Wastewater System Treatment Manual (OWTS) - This manual complements the "Design Manual for Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems" (EPA-625/180-012) that was originally published in 1980. The Manual provides the latest information on onsite system management, siting, design, installation, maintenance, monitoring and replacement. It is designed to help users assess and select the best and most suitable sets of technologies and techniques that are appropriate for local site specific conditions. The manual was written to promote the use of an integrated risk/performance-based approach to OWTS design. Information on OWTS cost and effectiveness has been included.
Small Entity Compliance Guide: "How the New Motor Vehicle Waste Disposal Well Rule Affects Your Business" (33pp, 460K) -
This guide provides information about motor vehicle waste fluid management and is available in PDF format. For a CD ROM version of the please contact Kirk Robinson or call him at (206) 553-2104. More information about shallow injection wells.
A video that looks at the real life challenges and successes experienced by three different communities when faced with contaminated drinking water supplies is available to the public. Titled "The Problem with Shallow Disposal Systems," the video explains that shallow disposal systems are a common, but often over-looked source of contamination to drinking water resources. In addition, the video also shows that there are simple and preventative steps a community can take to reduce threats to their water resource without disrupting the community's economy or going into financial debt. For more information about the video or if you would like to order a free copy, please contact Kirk Robinson at (206) 553-2104.
Injection Well Fact Sheets and Reference Documents
To learn more about EPA’s requirements contact:
Class I Injection Wells and Oversight of Class II Injection Wells in Alaska
Thor Cutler (email@example.com)
Class V Injection Wells in Alaska and on Tribal Land
Jennifer Parker (Parker.firstname.lastname@example.org)
Anne Christopher (Christopher.Anne@epa.gov)
WA, OR, & ID State UIC Program Oversight
Kirk Robinson (Robinson.email@example.com)
Or call toll-free 1-800-424-4372
1200 Sixth Ave
Suite 900, OCE-082
Seattle, WA 98101
(206) 553-0151 (fax)
To learn more about the state UIC requirements contact:
Alaska Class II Injection Wells (1425 Program)
Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission
Mailing Address: 333 W 7th Ave, Suite 100 Anchorage, AK 99501
Idaho Class I - V Injection Wells (1422 Program)
Idaho Department of Water Resources
Mailing Address: 322 E Front St
PO Box 83720
Boise, ID 83720-0098
Oregon Class I - V Injection Wells (1422 and 1425 Program)
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Mailing Address: 811 SW Sixth Ave
Portland, OR 97204
Washington Class I - V Injection Wells (1422 Program)
Mary Shaleen Hansen
Washington Department of Ecology, Water Quality Protection
Mailing Address: PO Box 47600
Olympia, WA 98504-7600