|Preventing Pollution Source Reduction and Recycling = Waste Minimization |
(changes in materials, practices, processes, or design)
Technical assistance for businesses and the general public
Reducing Waste at its Source:
"Waste Minimization", which combines the top two steps of the hierarchy, is defined as reducing waste at its source -- before it is even generated (called source reduction) and environmentally sound recycling. EPA worked with representatives from numerous stakeholder organizations to develop the Waste Minimization National Plan (WMNP), which focuses on reducing the generation and subsequent release to the environment of the most persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals in hazardous wastes. The EPA Office of Solid Waste is putting special emphasis on source reduction of PBT chemicals since they readily cross media boundaries and are often difficult to treat and dispose.
Pollution prevention (P2) is reducing or eliminating waste at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of non-toxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and re-using materials rather than putting them into the waste stream. Since Pollution Prevention is a key policy in national environmental protection activities, a number of Partnership Programs and other EPA initiatives utilize this approach in their work. Basic information about pollution prevention.
Northwest Product Stewardship Council The Northwest Product Stewardship Council is a group of government organizations that works with businesses and nonprofit groups to integrate product stewardship principles into the policy and economic structures of the Pacific Northwest.
Recycling in the Pacific Northwest
Regional Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) Chemicals Initiatives
EPA has helped develop and implement new initiatives and programs that aid businesses, states, local governments, and tribes in implementing effective pollution prevention and source reduction programs. Each year, EPA Headquarters provides grant funding to a limited number of proposals based on an open, competitive process. Listed below are some of the Region 10 area grant proposals that have successfully received funding for PBT chemical reduction or study:
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