Endangered Species Protection Program
Under the Endangered Species Act, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must ensure that its registration of pesticides is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of species listed as endangered or threatened.
Endangered Species Protection National Information
EPA is authorized to register pesticides under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. EPA is also required, through the Endangered Species Act, to ensure that the uses of registered pesticides are not likely to jeopardize endangered species and their critical habitats. At the same time, EPA wants to avoid placing any unnecessary limitations on the use of many important pesticides. Balancing these responsibilities has led to the development of EPA's Endangered Species Protection Program.
The Endangered Species Act
The Endangered Species Act was passed in 1973 to conserve threatened and endangered plant and animal species and to conserve their critical habitats. The Fish and Wildlife Service within the United States Department of the Interior, and the National Marine Fisheries Service within the United States Department of Commerce are the main administering agencies for the Endangered Species Act. The Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of mainland species and the National Marine Fisheries Service is responsible for protecting marine species.
All federal agencies are required by Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act to ensure that the actions carried out by the agencies are not likely to harm endangered or threatened species.
On November 9, 2005, EPA published a final notice on its enforceable program for the protection of endangered species. EPA's Endangered Species Protection Program will address, to the degree possible, endangered species issues within EPA’s existing process of registration of pesticides. If geographically specific pesticide use limitations are necessary, EPA will create an Endangered Species Protection Bulletin (Bulletin) that will contain enforceable use limitations for the pesticide. Bulletins will be referenced on the pesticide product label and available on the web at www.epa.gov/espp or by calling 1-800-447-3813. The existing "county bulletins" are not enforceable pesticide use limitations.