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Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England
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  HAVERHILL MUNICIPAL LANDFILL


Map this site in Cleanups in My Community
 Haverhill,  Massachusetts
 Essex County
 Street Address: OLD GROVELAND RD
 Zip Code: 01830
 Congressional
 District(s):

06
 EPA ID #: MAD980523336
 Site ID #: 0100717
 Site Aliases: Haverhill Landfill

 Site Responsibility: Federal, Municipal, State, Potentially Responsible Parties

 NPL LISTING HISTORY
 Proposed Date 10/15/1984
 Final Date 06/10/1986

Site Description
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The Haverhill Municipal Landfill (site) is a 71-acre former industrial and municipal landfill located off of Old Groveland Road, adjacent to the Merrimack River, southeast of downtown Haverhill, near the Groveland town line. The site is owned by Aggregate Industries and the City of Haverhill; both of whom are the Responsible Parties for performing groundwater, surface water, air quality sampling activities and final closure of the landfill. The City of Haverhill and Aggregate Industries also removed and properly disposed of numerous buried 55 gallon drums and are in the process of constructing the cap for the southern mound of the former landfill.


The Haverhill Landfill came into existence as of the result of the Great Merrimack River flood of 1936. The local businesses and residences were completely flooded and had no place to dispose of their damaged goods, food and other wastes from the flood damage. Later that year (1936) the City designated the current location of the landfill as the place to dispose of wastes.

Municipal and Industrial wastes were accepted at the Landfill until May of 1981. From 1982 until June of 1996, sludges generated from the City of Haverhill Wastewater treatment plant and paper beater waste from the Haverhill Paperboard Company, were also disposed of at the landfill. In 1996, the City covered the landfill with an interim cover until a final site wide closure plan and long term monitoring requirements could be finalized. Both the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will continue our involvement by reviewing and commenting on these final closure plans before they are allowed to be implemented. The Haverhill landfill is currently inactive and does not accept wastes.

Some of the wastes that were disposed of included 55 gallon steel drums of unknown materials, tannery and shoe wastes, tires, and flammables such as lacquers, paints, oils, and glues. These materials were either dumped on the surface of the site or deposited into shallow pits, while sludges and liquids were disposed of on a parcel of land near the river to the east. Groundwater monitoring wells are located throughout the entire area and along the Merrimack River. The long term sampling results have indicated low levels of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) like Trichloroethylene, Benzene and Vinyl Chloride. Private residences are located immediately adjacent to the site within the nearby Towns of Haverhill and Groveland, Massachusetts. Information from the 2010 U.S. Census shows that Haverhill has a population of approximately 60,879 people and Groveland has a population of approximately 6,459 people.

Threats and Contaminants
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Groundwater beneath the site is contaminated with low levels of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). In 1999, MADEP with the concurrence of EPA entered into a legal cooperative agreement with the City of Haverhill and Aggregate Industries (the Responsible Parties), to properly grade, cap and monitor the landfill under MassDEP Bureau of Solid Waste and the Massachusetts Contingency Plan rules and regulations. Also because the site is listed on the National Priorities List (NPL) as a Federal Superfund Site, the Responsible Parties (RPs) will also need to fulfill EPA requirements once the final site investigations, grading, capping and final closure activities are completed.

Cleanup Approach
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The site is being addressed in two stages: initial actions and a long-term remedial phase which focuses on limiting unacceptable risks to humans and/or the environment.

Response Action Status
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Initial Action In 1990, the EPA discovered two drums of unknown material on the site. Tests revealed the contents of the drums were contaminated with VOC's. The contaminated drums were stabilized, removed and properly disposed of by the responsible parties.

Entire Site EPA is performing continued oversight activities in conjunction with MassDEP while the City of Haverhill and Aggregate Industries are performing the required work to properly close the landfill under Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MADEP) Solid Waste and Massachusetts Contingency Plan requirements.

2003 Phase I Hot Spot Investigation During the summer of 2003, contractors for the RP conducted subsurface Hot Spot Investigation Activities. The purpose of this investigation was to address concerns regarding the disposal and or burial of 55 gallon drums of wastes at the landfill,
prior to the final grading, capping and closure.


2004 Phase II A Drum Removal Program The Phase II A work began in June of 2004 and was completed by the end of December 2004. Activities included the excavation, stabilization and proper disposal of approximately 1,787 fifty-five gallon drums of hazardous wastes as well as stained/contaminated soils.

2006 Phase II B Drum Removal Program The Phase II B drum work began in May 2006 and was completed by the end of October 2006. This work included the excavation, stabilization, removal and proper disposal of over 4,757 fifty-five gallon drums of hazardous wastes as well as the removal and disposal of 64 roll of containers of contaminated/stained soils. This work was completed under both EPA and MassDEP oversight.

2011 Southern Mound Caping An engineering consultant for the Responsible Parties is currently capping the Southern mound of the landfill.

Environmental Progress
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The Responsible Parties began an initial investigation of the site in 1981. Activities since then have included the installation, sampling and analysis of numerous groundwater monitoring wells, surface water and sediment sampling from nearby Johnson Creek and the Merrimack River and monitoring for landfill gas (methane) emissions. During landfill gas monitoring activities that were conducted in 1992, elevated levels of landfill gas were found along the southern property line. To alleviate the potential build up of these landfill gases along this area, a passive gas venting system was installed in 1994. The consultant for the City and Aggregate, Camp Dresser & McKee (CDM), continues to monitor the landfill gases on a quarterly basis and will evaluate whether there is a need for an additional gas extraction system as part of the final capping and closure design. During 2011, an engineering consultant for the Responsible Parties is currently capping the Southern mound of the landfill. Grading materials are
being brought to the Southern mound in order to properly cap that portion of the landfill.

Current Site Status
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In 1999 The MADEP, with the concurrence of EPA, entered into a cooperative agreement with the City of Haverhill and Aggregate Industries to properly grade, cap and close the landfill under MassDEP solid waste requirements and the Massachusetts Contingency Plan rules and Superfund regulations.

It was suspected that there may have been hazardous wastes disposed of in the northern parcel of the landfill, between the old railroad bed and the Merrimack River. Because of this concern, CDM initiated a "Hot Spot" investigation in December of 2002. The first step of this investigation involved the use of ground penetrating radar to locate buried metal that could potentially be 55 gallon drums.

In July of 2003 test pits were excavated to visually determine if the buried metals were actually drums containing hazardous materials. Drums in various states of decay were discovered and removed from the test pits. Some of the buried drums were empty while others contained liquids or solids. During the excavation activities, the 55 gallon drums of wastes and as well as stained soils or free liquids that were encountered in the excavation were removed and properly disposed of. The most recent samples collected from the nearby groundwater monitoring wells do not indicate increased levels of contamination but are consistent with historical sampling data.

The visual test pitting performed during 2003, identified two large areas of drums buried approximately 18 feet below the surface of the ground. CDM has estimated that both areas combined may contain approximately 6,500 drums. The test pit/excavation efforts had to be suspended in September of 2003, due to the depth and amount of drums that had been discovered and also to allow time for CDM to prepare a more comprehensive plan to safely and properly remove the large quantity of buried drums from both subsurface areas. In June of 2004, CDM submitted a 2004 Action Plan to both MADEP and EPA for the phase II A or partial drum removal. Construction activities for the excavation, removal, and stabilization work for phase II A was completed by the end of December 2004. Approximately 1,800 drums of hazardous wastes and stained soils were removed and properly disposed of.

From May 2006 through the end of October 2006 the phase II B drum removal work was completed. Work included the excavation, stabilization, removal and proper disposal of over 4,757 fifty-five gallon drums of hazardous wastes as well as the removal and disposal of 64 roll of containers of contaminated/stained soils. The drums were removed and properly disposed of at an approved off-site disposal facility.

Grading materials are being brought to the southern mound in order to have the correct grade in order properly cap that portion of the landfill. During 2011, an engineering consultant for the Responsible Parties began overseeing the capping the Southern mound of the landfill. Capping of the southern mound continued during 2012 and should be completed by the end of the year. The northern lobe of the landfill will also be capped once design plans are completed and approved.

Site Photos
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SDMS 452914
SDMS 507203
SDMS 507204


SDMS 452917

SDMS 452918

Links to Other Site Information
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Disclaimer Instructions about PDF

Newsletters & Press Releases:
Press Releases about this project  
Site Newsletter: Haverhill Municipal Landfill, January 2004 (94KB)  
Haverhill Municipal Landfill Fact Sheet # 2, September 2004 (287KB)  
Community Update, June 2006  

Federal Register Notices:
Final NPL Listing  

Reports and Studies:
Annual Water Quality Monitoring Report, September 30, 2011 (6.81 MB)  

Decision Documents:
View Records of Decision (RODS) on-line (EPA HQ)  

Other Links:
NPL Site Narrative at Listing:  
Site Progress Profile  
Executed Construction Contract Documents, Specifications and Plans or Southern Mound Closure, February 1, 2011 (47.3 MB)  

Site Repositories
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The Bradford Wastewater Treatment Plant and the Haverhill Public Library

OSRR Records and Information Center, 1st Floor, 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100 (HSC), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (617) 918-1440


Contacts
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EPA Remedial Project Manager: Derrick Golden
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
5 Post Office Square, Suite 100
Mail Code OSRR07-1
Boston, MA 02109-1367
Phone #: 617-918-1448
E-Mail Address: golden.derrick@epa.gov

EPA Community Involvement Coordinator: Rodney Elliot
Address: US Environmental Protection Agency
New England Regional Laboratory
11 Technology Drive
Chelmsford, MA 01863-243
Phone #: 617-918-8372
E-Mail Address: elliot.rodney@epa.gov

State Agency Contact: Janet Waldron
Address: MA Department of Environmental Protection (MA DEP)
One Winter Street
Boston, MA 02108
Phone #: 617-556-1156
E-Mail Address: janet.waldron@state.ma.us

 


Serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, & 9 Tribal Nations
 
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Last updated on Friday, January 25th, 2013
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/haverhill