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Show details for Air Emissions (RCRA)Air Emissions (RCRA)
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Show details for Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT)Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT)
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02/01/2012Putting Surplus Food to Good UsePublication
 Description: This document provides a how-to guide for food service providers to start a food waste reduction and recovery program at their facilities. Food service providers can improve the environment and provide benefits to communities by reducing, reusing, and recycling uneaten or unused food rather than throwing it away.
 
10/29/2010Evaluating the Environmental Impacts of Packaging Fresh Tomatoes Using Life-Cycle Thinking & Assessment: A Sustainable Materials Management Demonstration ProjectPublication
 Description: This report quantifies the environmental impacts associated with three different packaging options for fresh tomatoes, and also assesses the effect of different packaging options on the life-cycle impacts of growing, transporting, and retailing fresh tomatoes to consumers.
 
09/01/2010Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects for StudentsPublication
 Description: This document provides students in grades 6-8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects about reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
08/01/2010Reduce. Reuse. Recycle. Practice the 3 Rs Inside and OutPublication
 Description: This document describes ways to conserve natural resources and prevent climate change by practicing the 3 Rs - reduce, reuse, and recycle - in the kitchen, home office, garage, backyard, and on the go.
 
10/01/2009GreenScapes Activities ListPublication
 Description: This interactive, electronic document provides a list of simple, cost-effective, and sustainable solutions to increase resource efficiency. When integrated into site planning and management, these GreenScapes activities can help save money on labor, equipment, and supplies while still having a great looking and healthy landscape.
 
09/01/2009SMART BET (Saving Money and Reducing Trash Benefit Evaluation Tool)Publication
 Description: This Excel-based tool is designed to help community waste managers decide whether unit-based pricing for solid waste management (also known as Pay-As-You-Throw or PAYT) is the right model for their town or city. SMART BET allows users, i.e., community waste managers, to input readily available information, such as tons of waste landfilled and recycled annually, local population, and landfill tip fees. The user may also provide a more detailed breakdown of the disposal and recycling streams, if this information is available. The tool then combines this information with nationwide average waste disposal data, typical SMART results, and greenhouse gas emission factors originally created for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to provide the greenhouse gas and cost savings that your community is likely to see after implementation of PAYT.
 
09/01/2009“Green Servicizing” for a More Sustainable US Economy: Key concepts, tools and analyses to inform policy engagementPublication
 Description: This document describes the Green Servicizing concept; provides a working definition of high-potential Green Servicizing models; identifies ten such models and briefs their market status and environmental performance; provides an analysis and methodologies to assist in weighing policy engagement; and identifies possible next steps to begin more substantive engagement.
 
06/01/2009Sustainable Materials Management: The Road AheadPublication
 Description: This document suggests a roadmap for the future based on materials management—fulfilling human needs and prospering, while using less materials, reducing toxics, and recovering more of the materials used.
 
11/01/2008Prácticas de Jardinería Ecológica: Planificador para las estaciones (Spanish - GreenScapes Seasonal Planner)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of the GreenScapes Seasonal Planner (EPA530-F-07-045). This document provides a calendar with seasonal recommendations for watering, using pesticides and fertilizers, composting, and other practices to help homeowners GreenScape their lawns and gardens.
 
05/01/2008GreenScapes Seasonal PlannerPublication
 Description: This document provides a calendar with seasonal recommendations for watering, using pesticides and fertilizers, composting, and other practices to help homeowners GreenScape their lawns and gardens.
 
09/01/2007Teach English, Teach about the Environment: A Resource for Teachers of Adult English for Speakers of Other LanguagesPublication
 Description: This document can help instructors teach English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) to adult students while introducing basic concepts about the environment and individual environmental responsibility. These concepts can help the newly-arrived be part of cleaner and healthier communities by understanding and practicing the 3Rs of solid waste management: reduce, reuse, and recycle.
 
07/01/2007Working Together for a Healthy Environment: A Guide for Multi-Cultural Community GroupsPublication
 Description: This document is designed to help community-based organizations and community leaders or activists plan and execute community events that promote the 3Rs of solid waste management: reduce, reuse, and recycle. Community groups are in a unique position to take the lead in raising awareness about resource conservation, good solid waste management, and safeguarding the environment for future generations. This guide provides ideas for community events, such as workshops, radio events, and other campaigns, and resources for developing these events.
 
02/01/2007Tools to Reduce Waste in SchoolsPublication
 Description: This document helps schools and school districts reduce the amount of waste that they generate. It discusses how to start a waste reduction program or expand an existing one. The guide will also describe how a waste reduction program can benefit schools, communities, and the environment by reducing, reusing, and recycling waste.
 
01/01/2007GreenScapes Tip SheetPublication
 Description: This fact sheet provides tips for GreenScaping to reduce the economic and environmental cost of waste materials, water, pesticides, fuels, and oils from landscaping and grounds keeping operations. These tips include ways to reduce, reuse, recycle, and rebuy when landscaping.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: A Greener GreenPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of “green” methods to maintain the grass on the golf course at the North Shore Country Club in Glenview, Illinois. Instead of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, the club uses a 50-50 mix of nutrient-rich biosolids from the Chicago Metropolitan Sanitary Sewer District and compost made from yard waste to keep the greens healthy and aesthetically pleasing.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: Adding Green to Queens Botanical GardenPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how the Queens Botanical Garden (QBG) merged new technology with natural elements to reduce the environmental footprint of its newest buildings. QBG's award-winning building design incorporates components like a green roof, composting toilets, and a rainwater harvest system to lessen the impact of its construction and operations.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: EPA Facilities Reduce Water Consumption and Meet GoalsPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how innovative landscaping techniques at two EPA facilities are conserving water while helping the facilities meet federal environmental goals. The landscapes at the National Computer Center (NCC) in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and EPA Region 8's laboratory in Golden, Colorado, are designed to reduce the need for irrigation by using water-efficient designs and native plants suited to local conditions.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: Greenscaping From the Ground UpPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Parrot Jungle Island's (PJI) environmentally sustainable landscaping project. The 18-acre park, located just south of Miami, Florida, completed an extensive four-year building plan, including elevation, vegetation, horticultural, irrigation, and cultivation changes. In the process, this GreenScapes Partner has shown that a holistic approach to landscape site development can be successful, cost-effective, and environmentally sound.
 
09/01/2006Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases: A Life-Cycle Assessment of Emissions and Sinks; 3rd EditionPublication
 Description: This report examines how municipal solid waste management and climate change are related. Management of municipal solid waste presents many opportunities for greenhouse gas emission reductions. Source reduction and recycling can reduce emissions at the manufacturing stage, increase forest carbon storage, and avoid landfill methane emissions. Combustion of waste allows energy recovery to displace fossil fuel-generated electricity from utilities, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the utility sector and landfill methane emissions. Diverting organic materials from landfills also reduces methane emissions.
 
07/01/2006El ciclo de vida de un balon de futbol (Spanish - The Life Cycle of a Soccer Ball)Publication
 Description: This poster is the Spanish version of The Life Cycle of a Soccer Ball (EPA530-H-05-001). This poster illustrates how to reduce the environmental impacts of a soccer ball during each stage of its entire life cycle, including gathering the materials, preparing the materials, putting the pieces together, getting the soccer ball to the consumer, using the ball, and getting rid of the ball.
 
06/01/2006GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier YardPublication
 Description: This document describes five steps to GreenScape your lawn, a set of landscaping practices that can improve the health and appearance of your lawn and garden while protecting and preserving natural resources.
 
06/01/2006Jardineria Ecologica: La manera facil de lograr un jardin mas verdoso y saludable (Spanish - GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier Yard)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier Yard (EPA530-K-06-002). This document describes five steps to GreenScape your lawn, a set of landscaping practices that can improve the health and appearance of your lawn and garden while protecting and preserving natural resources.
 
05/01/2006Make a Difference in Your School: A How-to Guide for Engaging Students in Resource Conservation and Waste ReductionPublication
 Description: This document provides advice, ideas, and inspiration to teachers, school administrators, and others for planning a hands-on environmental day at school. It also provides ways to teach students about reducing waste, reusing materials instead of throwing them away, recycling, composting, and conserving natural resources and energy. EPA hopes that schools across the country will embrace the ideas presented in the document and involve their students in environmental studies and activities.
 
11/01/2005The Life Cycle of a Soccer BallPublication
 Description: This poster illustrates how to reduce the environmental impacts of a soccer ball during each stage of its entire life cycle, including gathering the materials, preparing the materials, putting the pieces together, getting the soccer ball to the consumer, using the ball, and getting rid of the ball.
 
10/01/2005Resource Conservation Challenge: Green Initiatives - ElectronicsPublication
 Description: This document describes one of the goals of the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC), targeting all phases of the electronics life cycle. The RCC’s main goal for electronics waste is to get manufacturers, retailers, consumers, and state and local governments to cooperate in a national plan that reduces the amount of toxic chemicals used in electronics, reduces the amount of energy used by electronic products, reduces the amount of manufacturing and consumer waste produced every year, and provides a future infrastructure for recycling and reusing old electronic equipment. The document also gives examples of RCC Partnerships that address electronics life cycles, and resources to learn more about green initiatives for electronics.
 
08/01/2005El Ciclo de Vida de un Teléfono Celular (Spanish - The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone) (Poster)Publication
 Description: This poster is the Spanish version of The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone (EPA530-H-04-002). This poster illustrates the stages in the life cycle of a cell phone including materials extraction, materials processing, manufacturing, packaging and transportation, useful life, and end-of-life.
 
08/01/2005GreenScapes Success Story: Benefits of Native LandscapingPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the native landscaping installed by WinterCreek Restoration at the Century Park retail complex in central Oregon, which never needs fertilizer, pesticides, extensive watering, or mowing.
 
08/01/2005GreenScapes Success Story: Improving Highway Safety Through Erosion ControlPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of organic and environmentally friendly compost-based erosion control techniques to address blowing sand from a steep sandy slope next to Interstate 84 in Glenns Ferry, Idaho, a problem that reduced visibility and created dangerous driving conditions that could shut down a stretch of the Interstate. Using an ""erosion blend"" compost from Utah-based Miller Companies, LC, GreenCover America's compost blankets and berms aim to control erosion through complete and rapid revegetation.
 
06/01/2005Don't ""Waste"" Your Chance To Do Your Share—How to Reduce Your Climate FootprintPublication
 Description: This document discusses climate change, the link between greenhouse gases (GHGs) and waste, life cycle assessments (LCAs), ways to mitigate climate change, and WasteWise tools related to climate change.
 
05/01/2005GreenScapes: Environmentally Beneficial LandscapingPublication
 Description: This document describes GreenScapes, environmentally-friendly designs for landscaping that can help conserve natural resources, prevent waste and pollution, and save money.
 
12/01/2004America's Marketplace Recycles: A Guide to Waste Reduction at Shopping CentersPublication
 Description: This guide was created by EPA, in collaboration with the International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC), to help shopping centers assess their waste management practices and identify opportunities to reduce waste disposal, increase reuse and recycling, save money, and contribute to their local communities. This guide also serves as a resource to local and state recycling coordinators to work with shopping centers in their jurisdictions to design and implement waste prevention and recycling programs.
 
10/01/2004WasteWise Annual Report, 2004: Sustaining ExcellencePublication
 Description: This report recognizes the 2004 WasteWise award winners for their voluntary efforts to prevent waste and recycle, and celebrates the 10th anniversary of the WasteWise program.
 
09/01/2004The New Wave in Electronics: eCyclingPublication
 Description: This document discusses how consumers can reuse or recycle old electronics, or eCycle, including ways to eCycle, where to eCycle, and the benefits of eCycling.
 
09/01/2004Vayamos de Compras Verdes (Spanish - Let's Go Green Shopping)Publication
 Description: This publication is the Spanish translation of Let's Go Green Shopping (EPA530-K-04-003). It provides tips and resources for "green purchasing." Green purchasing means shopping with the environment in mind by buying products that help conserve natural resources, save energy, and prevent waste or by not buying things that aren't needed. This document is part of the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC), which calls on all Americans to prevent pollution, promote recycling and reuse, and conserve energy and materials.
 
08/01/2004Reducing Waste When You Travel: Making Environmental ChoicesPublication
 Description: This document suggests ways to reduce waste, conserve resources, and minimize the overall environmental impact when traveling without sacrificing comfort or convenience.
 
08/01/2004The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone (Poster)Publication
 Description: This poster illustrates the stages in the life cycle of a cell phone including materials extraction, materials processing, manufacturing, packaging and transportation, useful life, and end-of-life.
 
04/01/2004Let's Go Green ShoppingPublication
 Description: This document provides tips and resources for "green purchasing." Green purchasing means shopping with the environment in mind by buying products that help conserve natural resources, save energy, and prevent waste or by not buying things that aren't needed.
 
04/01/2004Setting Up a Home Office: Making Environmental ChoicesPublication
 Description: This document provides some simple ideas for maintaining an environmentally friendly home office with energy and resource saving tips for office equipment, paper, writing tools, and furniture.
 
04/01/2004The Power of Change: Protecting the Environment for the Next Generation (kit)Publication
 Description: This free kit of resources explains how to reduce waste, conserve our natural resources, and save energy. The kit is part of the "Power of Change" campaign, which teaches older Americans what they can do to help reduce waste and protect the environment for the next generation. The kit includes the publications Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service (EPA530-K-01-002); Voluntarios para el Cambio: Una Guia para el Servicio Comunitario Ambiental (Spanish - Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service) (EPA530-K-01-002s); Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse: Tips for Consumers Who Change Their Own Motor Oil and Oil Filters (EPA530-F-94-008); Recoleccion de Aceite Usado Para Reciclaje o Reutilización (Spanish - Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse) (EPA530-F-94-008S); Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe Management (EPA530-F-92-031); Desechos Domesticos Peligrosos: Pasos Para Un Manejo Seguro (Spanish - Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe Management) (EPA530-F-92-031s); Protect Yourself, Protect Others: Safe Options for Home Needle Disposal (EPA530-K-04-004); Moving Out, Moving In: Making Environmental Choices When You Move (EPA530-K-04-002); A Collection of Solid Waste Resources on CD-ROM, 2004 Edition: Design a World with Less Waste (EPA530-C-04-001); Setting Up a Home Office: Making Environmental Choices (EPA530-F-04-007); and Reducing Waste When You Travel: Making Environmental Choices (EPA530-F-04-019).
 
03/01/2004Reutilizacion + Reciclaje = Reduccion de Desechos: Una Guia para Escuelas y Grupos (Spanish - Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups)Publication
 Description: This publication is the Spanish translation of Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups (EPA530-K-03-001). This document discusses how waste reduction efforts save money, energy, and natural resources, and educates children and young adults about how solid waste affects their lives and the environment.
 
02/01/2004Haciendo Aún Más Verde (""Greenscaping"") su Césped y Jardín (Spanish - ""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and Garden)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of ""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and Garden (EPA530-K-03-002). This document provides simple waste reduction practices to improve not only your lawn and garden, but also the environment.
 
02/01/2004Moving Out, Moving In: Making Environmental Choices When You MovePublication
 Description: This document suggests environmentally safe alternatives to throwing away unwanted possessions when moving out and ways to purchase new items with the environment in mind when moving in. It also discusses how to identify items for reuse, recycling, and special disposal, and suggests resources for more information about donating goods, reuse and recycling, and buying recycled goods.
 
11/01/2003Be Waste Aware -Waste Reduction Resources and Tools for StudentsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses municipal solid waste and provides information that can be used for an environmental science class, a science fair project, or to help start a waste reduction program in a school or community. The resources also provide information to better understand the type, amount, and impact of solid waste in the world.
 
10/01/2003Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Fall 2003Publication
 Description: The Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This edition celebrates ten years of growth and success of the PAYT program.
 
09/22/2003PRODUCT PACKAGING WASTE PREVENTION AND RECYCLING Memo
 Description: EPA has no legal authority to establish regulations to use packaging with less environmental impacts. EPA works with states, communities, and businesses to encourage voluntary reduction of solid waste and educates citizens to choose products with packaging that is less environmentally harmful. Citizens can contact packaging associations and manufacturers about packaging standards and encourage companies to not use packaging with negative environmental impacts. The Federal government buys products made from recycled materials and issues recommendations on buying products with recycled content and other favorable attributes. Some states have legislation regarding product packaging.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Abandoned Plastics Find a Home!Publication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Agri-Plas, Inc., the only agricultural plastic recycling center in the nation that collects all types of plastic.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Bobsledding on BottlesPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of one million milk jugs and detergent bottles to make new and improved platforms for bobsled, luge, and skeleton racing at the site of the 1980 Winter Olympic Games, in the first application of recycled plastic lumber specifically designed for a commercial structure.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Compost as Cure-AllPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses compost's newest application as erosion control by Filtrexx International, LLC. In addition to using compost as a soil amendment, pollution filter, and disease control, the company’s full-time business is using compost to prevent erosion along highways, at construction sites, and other transportation and building locations.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Food Scraps and Wine: An Agreeable CombinationPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Jepson Prairie Organics, which makes compost from the food scraps of more than 1,500 food-related businesses and thousands of residents in San Francisco. The compost is used on vineyards throughout Northern California’s wine country to enhance the quality of the soil.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Golden CompostPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), which runs one of the most advanced, widespread compost-use programs in the United States and has conducted more than 20 demonstrations across the state proving the benefits of compost.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: New Jersey's Milk Jug BridgePublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the first bridge made entirely from recycled plastic, which was constructed over the Mullica River in Wharton State Park, New Jersey.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Not Your Typical Compost FeedstockPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the decision of Aspen Skiing Company to take down two buildings using deconstruction rather than demolition. By deconstructing, the company took the buildings apart and removed useable items, an alternative to sending all of their construction and demolition waste to a landfill that saved the company more than $42,000 in avoided disposal costs.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Parks Abound with Plastic LumberPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how two Midwest state parks have discovered the long-term benefits of recycled plastic lumber as a construction material. In Indiana and Minnesota, structures made from recycled milk jugs are proving to be an environmentally preferable - and economic - alternative to wood products.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Recycled Rubber Raises the RoadPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses construction of the new Mud Pond Inlet Bridge by the Maine Department of Transportation (MaineDOT) by building with waste. To support the roadbed, the design team called for nearly 170,000 previously used shredded tires—20 percent of the waste tires generated in Maine in a year—along with geotextiles, a synthetic material that allows the exchange of water and air. The designers also incorporated old bridge railings and roadside guard rails from an ongoing highway bridge rehabilitation project rather than using new metal.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: These Tires Were Made for Walkin’Publication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how Los Angeles County, California, has recently discovered the beauty and utility of old tires. Plagued by 10 million waste tires a year, the county has successfully saved landfill space by recycling tire rubber into pathways, playground surfaces, and flooring tile throughout its district.
 
05/01/2003WasteWise Resource Management: Innovative Solid Waste Contracting MethodsPublication
 Description: This document, developed by EPA’s WasteWise Program, explains the demonstrated additional cost savings and improved waste reduction through an innovative contracting strategy coined “resource management” (RM) and guides WasteWise partners and other organizations through the process of establishing a baseline for current waste streams, issuing a request for proposals, and designing a comprehensive waste management contract that utilizes RM. The appendices provide useful examples, such as a Request for Proposal template and compensation options.
 
04/01/2003""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and GardenPublication
 Description: This document provides simple waste reduction practices to improve not only your lawn and garden, but also the environment.
 
03/01/2003WasteWise Partnership Benefits Climate ChangePublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes the WasteWise Program and explains how WasteWise helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
 
02/01/2003Your Life, Your World, Your Choices: Everything You Do Can Make a Difference! (kit)Publication
 Description: This kit is a collection of materials that show how individuals can make a difference. These materials can be used in schools, at home, or with community groups, and can help you: increase your awareness of how your personal decisions affect the environment; make more informed choices in your day-to-day life to help protect the environment; volunteer with community groups, nonprofit groups, government agencies, or others to help promote or solve an environmental issue; and learn about environmental careers. The kit includes the publications Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service (EPA530-K-01-002); Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects (EPA530-K-00-008); Service-Learning: Education Beyond the Classroom (EPA530-K-02-001); You Can Make a Difference: Learn about Careers in Waste Management (EPA530-F-02-011); "Greenscaping" Your Lawn and Garden (EPA530-K-03-002); Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups (EPA530-K-03-001); The Life Cycle of a CD or DVD poster (EPA530-H-03-002); A Collection of Solid Waste Resources on CD-ROM 2003 Edition (EPA530-C-03-001); Be Waste Aware -Waste Reduction Resources and Tools for Students (EPA530-F-03-056); The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone poster (EPA530-H-04-002); and The New Wave of Electronics: eCycling (EPA530-F-04-020).
 
01/01/2003Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Winter 2003Publication
 Description: The PAYT Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This issue focuses on offering hope for New York City's Recycling Program.
 
11/19/2002WASTE REDUCTION AND RECYCLING IN THE UNITED STATESMemo
 Description: Handling trash is primarily the responsibility of state and local governments. EPA does not have the legal authority to require recycling or waste prevention. EPA relies on voluntary approaches to inspire recycling. Puzzled About Recycling’s Value? Look Beyond the Bin (EPA530-K-98-008) explains recycling’s benefits, including the conservation of natural resources, the decrease of greenhouse gas emissions, and the expansion of the U.S. job market. The federal government tries to buy items that are made from recycled materials.
 
11/04/2002REDUCTION, RECYCLING, AND INTERSTATE TRANSPORT OF SOLID WASTEMemo
 Description: EPA promotes waste recycling and reduction, especially through the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC). Waste should be safely managed wherever it is sent.
 
10/31/2002SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATESMemo
 Description: Handling trash is primarily the responsibility of state and local authorities. Federal laws currently do not allow EPA to establish regulations requiring people to recycle trash. EPA relies on voluntary approaches by cooperating with states, communities, and businesses to encourage reuse, waste reduction, and recycling.
 
08/15/2002INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS FOR AUTOMOBILE RECYCLING AND DISPOSAL Memo
 Description: The EPA Product Stewardship team is working in voluntary partnerships with several sectors, including the carpet and electronics industry, to address environmental problems. EPA is aware of the role that automobile manufacturers, suppliers, and recyclers have in solving problems related to the recycling and disposal of automobile components. The Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) is working to improve regulatory compliance at automobile salvage yards.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Cover Up With CompostPublication
 Description: This document discusses landfill gas. Natural decomposition processes in landfills emit "landfill gas." Approximately half of that landfill gas is methane, the second leading greenhouse gas emitted in the United States. Landfill methane emissions are of national concern because they are the largest source (approximately 33 percent) of anthropogenic methane emissions in the United States.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Cutting-Edge Software to Cut EmissionsPublication
 Description: In 1998, the United States generated 220 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW). The landfilling and combustion of this waste resulted in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 65 million metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE). Today, a variety of software programs and models are available to help managers and planners reduce emissions at state, local, business, and institutional levels. These tools can enable them to determine the impact of their practices on climate change and the environment, as well as strategies to reduce those impacts.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Moving TargetsPublication
 Description: This document discusses greenhouse gas emissions from the collection and transportation of wastes. Greenhouse gas emissions from the collection and transportation of waste and recyclables equaled 918,000 metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE) in 1997--accounting for 9 percent of the total net greenhouse gas emissions from waste management that year. These emissions result largely from the combustion of diesel in vehicles that transport mixed waste and recyclables from the waste source to transfer, disposal, or recovery facilities.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Recycling the Hard StuffPublication
 Description: Of the estimated 22.4 million tons of plastics produced in the United States in 1998, only about 5.4 percent were recovered for recycling. Plastics used in durable goods (such as cars, electronics, and appliances) account for the largest proportion by weight of plastics in U.S. municipal solid waste (MSW). However, the mixed waste stream characteristic of these harder, engineered plastics are difficult to separate and, thus, complex to recycle. New separation technologies could increase recycling rates for plastics significantly.
 
07/01/2002Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Summer 2002Publication
 Description: The PAYT Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This issue focuses on global climate change and Pay-As-You-Throw.
 
07/01/2002Success Story: Getting On The Books With Waste ReductionPublication
 Description: This document discusses how more and more companies that seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are recognizing the climate benefits of alternative waste management strategies, such as recycling and reuse. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Program provides a means for individuals, companies, and organizations to report their emissions reductions from recycling programs and other waste management activities.
 
07/01/2002Success Story: Turning Garbage Into GoldPublication
 Description: This document discusses the fact that organic waste comprises a significant portion of the U.S. municipal solid waste (MSW) stream. EPA estimates that the nation's MSW contained 85.7 million tons of paper and paperboard in 1999, 25.2 million tons of food discards, 27.7 million tons of yard trimmings, and 12.3 million tons of wood--adding up to 66 percent of the total waste stream. Similarly, compostable waste in Massachusetts accounts for as much as 70 percent of the state's total MSW by weight.
 
03/01/2002Reusable News, Spring 2002Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News contains articles on Wastewise partnering with Climate Neutral to reduce greenhouse gases and measuring the energy benefits of recycling.
 
01/01/2002Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Winter 2002Publication
 Description: The PAYT Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This issue focuses on Large Cities and Pay-As-You-Throw.
 
11/01/2001Multifamily Recycling: A National StudyPublication
 Description: This document discusses an EPA-funded national survey by the US Conference of Mayors and ECODATA, Inc. that compared single family and multifamily recycling services, and documents costs, diversion rates, and program characteristics of recycling programs in multifamily households.
 
09/05/2001POLLUTION AND LITTER CONTROLMemo
 Description: The United States now recycles over one quarter of household garbage due to efforts by citizens, community groups, businesses and governments. State and local governments further recycling through curbside recycling programs. Keep America Beautiful is one organization working to prevent litter in towns and cities.
 
08/14/2001BENEFITS OF BIOMASS ENERGYMemo
 Description: EPA recognizes the environmental benefits of renewable energy sources and biomass energy is an important component of the Administration’s National Energy Plan. A multi-agency effort known as the Biomass Initiative is coordinating and promoting federal biobased products and biomass energy research and development. Federal funding opportunities for biomass technologies may be available through the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program, the 504 Certified Development Company Loan Program, or the Loan Guarantee Program.
 
03/21/2001BIOPLEX WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGYMemo
 Description: In 1989, EPA published an “Agenda for Action” that proposed a solid waste management hierarchy of waste prevention, recycling, and waste disposal. Communities should implement an integrated solid waste management plan according to their individual needs. EPA research has shown that recycling and source reduction activities produce greater greenhouse gas savings than energy recovery from waste-to-energy facilities or landfill gas-to-energy projects.
 
12/01/2000Diversion en la Feria Cientifica: Disenando Proyectos Cientificos Ambientales (Spanish - Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects)Publication
 Description: This is the Spanish translation of Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects. This booklet is intended to provide students in grades 6 through 8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects, specifically in the areas of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
12/01/2000Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects Publication
 Description: This booklet is intended to provide students in grades 6 through 8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects, specifically in the areas of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
10/06/2000RECYCLING AND SOURCE REDUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BEVERAGE CONTAINERSMemo
 Description: Currently EPA does not have statutory authority under RCRA to establish regulations for recycling or source reduction or to mandate a national deposit-refund system for beverage containers. EPA has set national goal to recycle 35% of municipal solid waste (MSW) by 2005.
 
03/21/2000MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTMemo
 Description: EPA promotes integrated waste management approach. Management options include source reduction, recycling, combustion and landfilling.
 
11/03/1999INCREASED RECYCLING AND BETTER MANAGEMENT OF WASTES FROM US SHIPS AND SUBMARINESMemo
 Description: EPA fosters waste reduction and recycling through educational campaigns, challenge programs and grants to governments and agencies. The WasteWise program works with businesses to promote recycling and source reduction. EPA’s Ocean Dumping Program and U.S. Navy offer information on management of waste aboard oceangoing vessels.
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Bellevue, WashingtonPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Bellevue, Washington. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Ann Arbor, MichiganPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Ann Arbor, Michigan. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Bergen County, New JerseyPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Bergen County, New Jersey. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Chatham, New JerseyPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Chatham, New Jersey. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Clifton, New JerseyPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Clifton, New Jersey. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Crockett, TexasPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Crockett, Texas. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Dover, New HampshirePublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Dover, New Hampshire. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Falls Church, VirginiaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Falls Church, Virginia. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Fitchburg, WisconsinPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Fitchburg, Wisconsin. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Leverett, MassachusettsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Leverett, Massachusetts. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Loveland, ColoradoPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Loveland, Colorado. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Madison, WisconsinPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Madison, Wisconsin. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Portland, OregonPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Portland, Oregon. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Ramsey County, MinnesotaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Ramsey County, Minnesota. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: San Jose, CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in San Jose, California. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Seattle, WashingtonPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Seattle, Washington. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Visalia, CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Visalia, California. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
10/01/1999Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How: Worcester, MassachusettsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlight waste reduction efforts and strategies as used in Worcester, Massachusetts. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How (EPA530-F-99-017).
 
09/08/1999ZINC AS A PERSISTENT, BIOACCUMULATIVE, AND TOXIC (PBT) CHEMICALMemo
 Description: Zinc was proposed as one of the 53 chemicals on the RCRA Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic (PBT) list. Comments on the proposed list suggest EPA should use bioavailability rather than persistence in evaluating metals, and that EPA should reevaluate the screening and ranking steps of the methodology. These comments will be considered before EPA finalizes the list by January 2000 (SEE ALSO: 63 FR 60332; 11/9/98; RPC# 7/14/99-02).
 
06/01/1999Turn on Savings! WasteWise PromotionalPublication
 Description: Through the WasteWise program, more than 850 of America's leading businesses, institutions, and governments are demonstrating that solid waste reduction cuts costs and increases efficiency. This document discusses the many benefits of joining the WasteWise program. It includes a registration form for organizations who want to become a WasteWise partner.
 
05/10/1999SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHYMemo
 Description: EPA’s three tiered integrated hierarchy for managing solid waste consists of source reduction as the first and preferred waste management option, recycling, and combustion and/or landfilling.
 
01/01/1999Source Reduction and Your Community: An Introduction to EPA's Planning PacketPublication
 Description: The fact sheet provides a concise introduction to source reduction and reviews how communities may use the program manual to achieve source reduction. This fact sheet is included in the Source Reduction Program Potential Manual Planning Packet (EPA530-E-97-001).
 
01/01/1999Source Reduction Program Potential Manual: A Planning Packet - Fact SheetPublication
 Description: This insert describes the Source Reduction Program Potential Manual Planning Packet (EPA530-E-97-001) materials, and provides instructions for installing and removing the ReduceIt software. This fact sheet may be ordered separately using EPA530-F-99-005, but is included automatically as part of the Planning Packet.
 
01/01/1999Will a Source Reduction Program Work in Your Community?Publication
 Description: This brochure describes the EPA resources available to assist communities in developing source reduction programs, including the Source Reduction Program Potential Manual and ReduceIt software.
 
12/01/1998Municipal Solid Waste Source Reduction: A Snapshot of State InitiativesPublication
 Description: Examines state source reduction activities across the U.S. Highlights state goals or mandates that call for source reduction. Describes source reduction activities, reuse programs, and procurement guidelines in place within state operations and facilities. Addresses residential programs targeted to consumers and households. Presents state efforts to assist the business community in learning about source reduction options. Relates state assistance to municipal source reduction programs, primarily in the form of grants and other technical assistance. Includes exhibits and tables.
 
03/01/1998Availability of Uncoated Printing and Writing Papers Containing 30 Percent Postconsumer FiberPublication
 Description: This report summarizes the results of research conducted on the availability of uncoated printing and writing papers containing 30 percent postconsumer fiber. The report discusses the purpose and scope, methodology, findings, and conclusions of the research. Detailed research results for ten grades of paper are presented in tabular form. The report also contains a list of federal government and paper industry contacts, an outline of the research information needs, and a list of companies that could not be reached.
 
09/01/1997Source Reduction Program Potential Manual: A Planning ToolPublication
 Description: This manual is designed to help local solid waste managers determine the potential impact of various source reduction options. The manual examines the program potential, or the portion of a waste stream category that could be addressed by a specific source reduction program. The manual is included in Source Reduction Program Potential Manual: A Planning Packet (EPA530-E-97-001).
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw Fact Sheet: Throw Away Less and SavePublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the benefits and disadvantages of using pay-as-you-throw programs in your community.
 
01/01/1996FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON COMPOSTINGQuestion & Answer
 Description: Composting can be a source reduction or recycling. A federal permit is not required for composting facilities. Many markets are available for compost products. Discusses the percentage of yard trimmings recycled in municipal compost piles.
 
12/01/1995Source Reduction BibliographyPublication
 Description: This document outlines source reduction resources and publications that are available to municipal solid waste planners, policy makers, and others involved in managing or implementing programs on waste prevention. The bibliography is organized into ten source reduction topics, including Business and Industrial Program Development/Guidance, Community Source Reduction Program Development/Guidance, Materials Exchange, Policy/Legislation, and Variable Rates/Unit Pricing.
 
09/15/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: Paperless Office Campaign Reduces EPA Paper Use by 15 PercentPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes EPA's Paperless Office Campaign to reduce consumption of office paper by 15 percent, discusses methods used and how results were achieved, and includes success stories and how to implement a paper prevention program.
 
09/01/1995Decision Maker's Guide to Solid Waste Management: Volume 2Publication
 Description: This document offers solid waste management practitioners detailed information to understand the key technical, economic, political, and social issues that must be addressed to develop effective waste management programs. Sections address public education and involvement, facility siting, factors to consider in developing a waste management program, collection and transfer, source reduction, recycling, composting, combustion, and land disposal.
 
09/01/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: Purchasing and Maintaining Retread Passenger TiresPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes how fleet managers and vehicle operators can help reduce the quantity of scrap tires generated annually through waste prevention, proper tire maintenance, and tire retreading, and also includes tips for proper tire maintenance.
 
03/15/1995Report to Congress on Flow Control and Municipal Solid WastePublication
 Description: This report discusses flow controls, defined as legal authorities used by state and local governments to designate where municipal solid waste (MSW) must be taken for processing, treatment, or disposal. This report presents a comparative review of states with and without flow control authority, identifies the impact of flow control ordinances on protection of human health and the environment, and characterizes the impact of flow control on the development of state and local waste management capacity and on the achievement of state and local goals for source reduction, reuse, and recycling. Appendices include a summary of public comments on flow control; legal decisions concerning MSW flow controls; a summary matrix of state flow control authorities; flow control case studies; and technical analyses of waste generation, composting, recycling, waste-to-energy, and landfills.
 
01/01/1995Reusable News (Winter 1995)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News reports on municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and recovery rate, features an interview with the Federal Environmental Executive, and includes articles on Washington State's ""buy recycled"" campaign, construction and demolition waste reduction, and EPA's Source Reduction Mega Match program. This issue also includes an insert listing EPA publications on MSW.
 
11/01/1994Environmental Fact Sheet: EPA Releases RCRA Hazardous Waste Minimization National PlanPublication
 Description: This fact sheet announces the release of EPA's final Hazardous Waste Minimization National Plan. The Plan sets national goals for reducing constituents in hazardous waste that are persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic. The Plan consists of five national objectives: (1) development of a framework for setting national priorities; (2) promotion of multimedia environmental benefits and prevention of cross media transfers; (3) demonstration of a strong preference for source reduction; (4) clear definition and tracking of progress, promoting accountability for EPA, states, and industry; and (5) involvement of citizens in waste minimization implementation decisions.
 
07/01/1994WASTE MINIMIZATION AND RECYCLING ACTIVITIES THAT RESEMBLE CONVENTIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICESQuestion & Answer
 Description: Burning for energy recovery and use in a manner constituting disposal do not qualify as waste minimization. Source reduction involves decreasing the amount of hazardous substance entering the waste stream. Recycling involves use, reuse, or reclamation.
 
04/15/1994Innovative Methods of Managing Environmental Releases at Mine SitesPublication
 Description: Describes source reduction and recycling practices and innovative techniques for waste management currently used in mining. Discusses process control to produce purer products and production of new salable products while reducing hazardous constituents in the waste stream. Examines recycling opportunities unique to mining, such as slag reprocessing, tailings reprocessing, pipe recycling/reuse, and recycling mine tires. Lists technical contacts familiar with each technology described.
 
09/15/1993Reporting on Municipal Solid Waste: A Local IssuePublication
 Description: Presents background information to assist print and broadcast media in understanding municipal solid waste (MSW) issues. Examines the role of federal, state, and local governments in MSW management; options for solid waste management (source reduction, recycling, incineration, and landfilling); and regulations for solid waste landfills. Includes information sources, major laws affecting MSW management, MSW management state-by-state, and compounds and metals for groundwater detection monitoring.
 
05/18/1993EPA Administrator Browner Announces New Hazardous Waste Reduction and Combustion StrategyPublication
 Description: Documents Administrator Carol M. Browner's new hazardous waste reduction and combustion strategy in a press release format. The strategy prioritizes waste reduction and sets reduction guidelines for hazardous waste producers. Provides quotes from Browner's announcement.
 
10/15/1992Environmental Fact Sheet: Municipal Solid Waste Prevention in Federal AgenciesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights waste prevention opportunities in federal agencies, explains the principles of waste prevention, and provides examples of successful federal programs.
 
07/15/1992Environmental Fact Sheet: Mercury in the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) StreamPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes EPA's examination of the major sources of mercury in the MSW stream, such as batteries and paint residues. EPA predicts a dramatic decrease in mercury discards in the next several years due to source reduction and recycling efforts.
 
01/01/1992Reusable News (Winter 1992)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News announces EPA's options to standardize recycling marketing claims in the cover story. It also includes articles about President Bush's executive order that requires federal agency recycling, Illinois communities that serve as source reduction models, and unique solutions to municipal solid waste problems on the Alaskan Tundra.
 
09/15/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: Municipal Landfill Regulations Mean Safer Disposal of Solid WastePublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses a rulemaking that establishes comprehensive, protective standards for managing the nation's solid waste burden. The rule specifies location provisions and design, operating, and closure requirements for landfills. In addition, the rule offers incentives for increasing source reduction and recycling nationwide.
 
02/15/1990Environmental Fact Sheet: Plastics: The Facts About Production, Use, and DisposalPublication
 Description: Presents EPA's Report to Congress on methods to manage and control plastic wastes. Discusses major types of plastics and their uses. Looks at where plastics go and resulting disposal problems. EPA believes source reduction and recycling will provide the most significant results in reducing the impact of plastics in the environment.
 
02/15/1990Environmental Fact Sheet: Plastics: The Facts on Source ReductionPublication
 Description: Presents EPA's Report to Congress on methods to manage and control plastic wastes. Outlines EPA's belief that source reduction is the best method for reducing environmental impacts from wastes, by decreasing the amount or toxicity of materials that are thrown away.
 
02/01/1989Solid Waste Dilemma: An Agenda for Action (Final Report of the Municipal Waste Task Force)Publication
 Description: This document offers a number of concrete suggestions for action by not only EPA, but also government at all levels, industry, and private citizens. This Agenda cannot be accomplished by government acting alone. Its accomplishment is contingent on a strong partnership among government, industry and the public. It calls for a "systems" approach to managing municipal solid waste; that is, the complementary use of source reduction, recycling, combustion, and landfills to comprehensively manage municipal solid waste.
 
08/01/1988SOURCE REDUCTION AND RECYCLING TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR STATESQuestion & Answer
 Description: Explains the Source Reduction and Recycling Technical Assistance Grants (available in 1988) and RITTA (RCRA Integrated Training and Technical Assistance Initiative).
 
07/21/1987SOURCE REDUCTIONMemo
 Description: EPA’s strategy favors source reduction, waste minimization, and recycling over treatment and land disposal. Includes four reasons why source reduction is preferable to treatment. Not all wastes can be eliminated by source reduction.
 
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