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Hide details for Air Emissions (RCRA)Air Emissions (RCRA)
03/01/2003WasteWise Partnership Benefits Climate ChangePublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes the WasteWise Program and explains how WasteWise helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
 
05/20/2002POINT OF GENERATION FOR SPRAY PAINTING OPERATIONSMemo
 Description: The point of generation of hazardous waste from spray painting operations is at the emergence from the spray paint gun. EPA is working on maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards for emissions from transporting the waste inside the auto plant building. EPA is also working on Subpart J guidance to reduce or eliminate industry burden, while ensuring that leaks are properly captured and contained.
 
02/01/2002SUBPART CC WASTE DETERMINATION OPTIONSQuestion & Answer
 Description: For the purposes of air emission standards in 40 CFR Parts 264/265, Subpart CC, an owner or operator may use either direct measurement or knowledge of the waste to determine the average volatile organic (VO) concentration at the point of origination. Direct measurement requires analysis in accordance with the requirements of Method 25D or another specified method. Results must be adjusted to equate to a Method 25D equivalent concentration by multiplying the total concentration by the appropriate fm factors (SEE ALSO: 61 FR 59932, 59942; 11/25/96). If the determination is based on knowledge, information prepared by the owner or operator or supplied by the generator should be used. Any applied knowledge or chosen test does not need to account for any organic compounds present in the waste that have a Henry's Law constant of less than 0.1Y/X at 25C (SEE ALSO: 265 Appendix VI).
 
06/01/2000FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON THE 40 CFR PARTS 264/265, SUBPART CC, AIR EMISSION STANDARDSQuestion & Answer
 Description: Subpart CC does not apply to recycling units (SEE ALSO: 61 FR 59931, 59935; 11/25/96). Recycling units at permitted and interim status facilities are subject to Subparts AA and BB (SEE ALSO: 62 FR 64635, 64638; 12/8/97). Listed hazardous wastes that meet land disposal restrictions (LDR) treatment standards for the organics in the waste are not subject to Subpart CC regulations. Listed hazardous wastes with treatment standards that only address inorganic constituents may not benefit from this exclusion (SEE ALSO: 62 FR 64635, 64643-4; 12/8/97). Subpart CC allows up to 240 hours per year for planned routine maintenance of a control device. Hazardous waste may remain in a unit while the control device is undergoing maintenance. Level 1 tanks that use control devices must meet performance standards in 264.1087 and 265.1088. Tanks that routinely vent to any device or unit do not meet the definition of pressure tank.
 
05/26/2000KODAK CLAIM FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESS UNIT EXEMPTION TO THE RCRA SUBPART BB AIR EMISSIONS REQUIREMENTSMemo
 Description: Piping system leading from reactor unit that at times carries hazardous waste is not part of exempt manufacturing process unit. Piping system that carries hazardous waste with more than 10 percent organics for more than 300 hours per year is subject to Subpart BB (SEE ALSO: RPC# 12/19/86-01; 45 FR 72025; 10/30/80).
 
04/01/2000APPLICABILITY OF THE SUBPART CC LDR EXEMPTION TO SOILSQuestion & Answer
 Description: Tanks, containers, and surface impoundments storing soils that contain hazardous waste are eligible for land disposal restrictions (LDR) exemption from Subpart CC only when VOCs meet 268.40 numerical concentrations or when soil has been treated by treatment technology in 268.42(a) for organic hazardous constituents. Wastes treated to meet alternative soil treatment standards remain subject to Subpart CC.
 
03/01/2000APPLICABILITY OF PARTS 264/265, SUBPARTS AA, BB, AND CCQuestion & Answer
 Description: Subparts AA, BB, and CC operate independently of one another and apply only when substantive applicability provisions are met for particular subpart.
 
11/01/1999Revised Risk Assessment for the Air Characteristic Study, Volume II: Technical Background DocumentPublication
 Description: This document presents the potential direct inhalation risks that may result from unregulated emissions from certain waste management units. Specifically, volume II provides a detailed description of the methodologies, data, and supporting analyses used for the risk assessment.
 
11/01/1999Revised Risk Assessment for the Air Characteristic Study, Volume I: OverviewPublication
 Description: This document presents the potential direct inhalation risks that may result from unregulated emissions from certain waste management units. Specifically, volume I discusses changes made from the 1998 Air Characteristic Study, a general overview of the risk assessment, and the integration of the revised risk assessment results with the May 1998 regulatory gaps and occurrence analyses.
 
09/23/1999U.S. ARMY - PICATINNY ARSENAL REQUEST FOR WAIVER FROM 40 CFR PART 64, SUBPART CC STANDARDS FOR TANKS AT A PROPOSED HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORMemo
 Description: There is no current provision for waiver from compliance with Subpart CC air emission standards. Miscellaneous units are subject to air emission standards. Waste determination must be made before hazardous waste is placed in tank.
 
05/01/1999SUBPART CC AND MISCELLANEOUS UNIT PERMITTINGQuestion & Answer
 Description: The EPA Region is responsible for writing the Subpart CC requirements into the miscellaneous unit’s permit in states authorized to implement Subpart X but not Subpart CC. Until the state receives authorization for provisions promulgated pursuant to HSWA, the EPA Region would write the provisions into the unit’s permit and would be responsible for the implementation of the HSWA provisions.
 
07/01/1998RCRA Organic Air Emission Standards for TSDFs and GeneratorsPublication
 Description: This document provides information about the requirements of RCRA organic air emission standards covered under 40 CFR Parts 264/265, subpart CC. It summarizes information about applicability, effective dates, tanks, surface impoundments, containers, miscellaneous units, inspection and monitoring requirements, and the difference between permitted and interim status facilities, and defines relevant terms.
 
08/01/1997WASTE ANALYSIS INFORMATION FOR PURPOSES OF SUBPART CC COMPLIANCEQuestion & Answer
 Description: Subpart CC does not require that waste analysis information accompany every shipment of hazardous waste. If waste analysis information received from the generator is representative of subsequent shipments, the TSDF can rely on the original analysis, but must update the analysis at least once every twelve months. It is the responsibility of the person with custody of the waste to obtain valid analysis information to make compliance determinations.
 
07/09/1997CLARIFICATION OF SUBPART CC STANDARDSMemo
 Description: Subpart CC container standards allow three options for compliance demonstration, one of which is compliance with applicable DOT requirements. To demonstrate Subpart CC compliance using DOT regulations, the containers must be in compliance with all four requirements in Section 265.1087(f). Provides an in depth discussion of each requirement. Containers are not subject to 49 CFR part 178 or 179 are not eligible for the demonstration. Subpart CC requires strict compliance with all applicable DOT requirements in order to be eligible. Subpart CC requires a visual inspection of each regulated container which is transported to a regulated facility and contains hazardous waste at the time of arrival. The inspection should ensure that the container has no visible openings or gaps and must be conducted on or before the date that the container is accepted at the facility.
 
06/01/1997AIR EMISSIONS FROM ELECTROPLATING OPERATIONSQuestion & Answer
 Description: A filter used to concentrate air emissions from electroplating line would not carry the F006 listing. The filter meets the definition of sludge, but does not result from the treatment of an electroplating wastewater. Air emissions are not wastewater.
 
03/27/1997APPLICABILITY OF SUBPART CC AIR EMISSION REGULATIONSMemo
 Description: Large roll up doors on a building containing large rectangular open tanks, which is vented to an incinerator, are not considered natural draft openings (NDOs) as long as they are normally closed during operation. Since the incinerator in question may need planned routine maintenance that extends beyond the allowable 240 hours per year, a backup activated carbon system should be used during all periods that the incinerator is not operating and hazardous wastes remain in the tanks. The transfer of hazardous waste between tank and container is not required to be done in a closed system, but the exposure of the waste to the atmosphere must be minimized.
 
12/05/1996IMPLEMENTATION OF RCRA SUBPART CC STANDARDSMemo
 Description: The Subpart CC implementation schedule applies to facilities needing extra time to modify their processes to meet exemptions. All CC final rule provisions become effective no earlier than December 6, 1996. No waste determination is required for waste placed in units meeting Subpart CC standards. Surface impoundments used for biological treatment are exempt from Subpart CC.
 
03/01/1996REMOVAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT UNIT FOR SUBPART CC COMPLIANCEQuestion & Answer
 Description: Removing a unit from service by the June 6, 1996, effective date is an acceptable means of compliance with the Subpart CC standards. When controls cannot be installed by the effective date, the owner must prepare an implementation schedule and explanation. An implementation schedule is not an extension to the effective date. (SUPERSEDED: effective date now 12/6/96; see 61 FR 59932; 11/25/96)
 
02/01/1996FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON THE 40 CFR PART 264/265, SUBPART CC AIR EMISSION STANDARDSQuestion & Answer
 Description: Large quantity generators (LQGs) are subject to Part 265, Subparts AA, BB, and CC. Subpart CC does not apply to satellite accumulation areas. Subpart CC does not require the use of a specific type of equipment or add-on control device.
 
01/30/1995INCLUSION OF EMISSIONS FROM OB/OD UNITS IN THE HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT FOR A CHEMICAL AGENT DISPOSAL FACILITYMemo
 Description: Risk assessment at combustion units should include air emissions from all sources integral to the operation (e.g., storage, blending, handling). Open-burning/ open-detonation (OB/OD) units that are not integral to chemical agent disposal would not need to be included in the risk assessment.
 
12/01/1994Native American Network: A RCRA Information Exchange (Issue #6) (Fall/Winter 1994)Publication
 Description: This issue of the Native American Network highlights EPA Administrator Carol Browner's speech at the Second National Tribal Conference on Environmental Management. Articles cover the new American Indian Environmental Office and its Director, EPA assistance to the Navajo-Zuni cooperative recycling project, proposed rules for tribal authority over air resources and RCRA Subtitle C authorization for tribes, and the Bethel (Alaska) Recycling Project. This issue also includes informational inserts on the definition of a hazardous waste under subtitle C of RCRA and funding tribal hazardous waste programs.
 
11/15/1994NSPS AND EMISSIONS GUIDELINES FOR MUNICIPAL INCINERATIONMemo
 Description: Clean Air Act standards for medical waste incinerators (New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Emissions Guidelines (EG)) are expected to be proposed in February 1995. The DOT regulation of medical waste and materials infectious to animals are expected to be effective on 10/1/95 (SEE ALSO: 60 FR 33912; 6/29/95).
 
10/17/1994REGULATION OF FUEL BLENDING AND RELATED TREATMENT AND STORAGE ACTIVITIESMemo
 Description: Fuel blenders are subject to 268.7(b) LDR notification and certification. Fuel blending is not exempt from permitting, unless it is done at a generator site in a 262.34 accumulation unit. Fuel blending at a transfer facility is treatment and requires a permit. Most fuel blending units are permitted as tanks or miscellaneous units. Fuel blenders are subject to the air emissions standards (SEE ALSO: RPC# 12/5/94-01; 59 FR 62896; 12/6/94). Thermal treatment units are not eligible for the 262.34 permit exemption. Recycling units at facilities with other permitted units are subject to the air emissions standards (SEE ALSO: 62 FR 25997; 5/12/97). Generators who send waste off-site to a burner are subject to LDR notification. Cement or light-weight aggregate kiln produced by a Bevill device burning both hazardous waste and Bevill-exempt wastes may be exempt from land disposal restrictions (LDR) treatment standards when used in a manner constituting disposal if the residues pass the significantly affected test in 266.112. If neither the products nor the residues are subject to the LDR treatment standards, the original generator's waste is not prohibited from land disposal, and is subject only to 268.7(a)(6) (SEE ALSO: 62 FR 25997; 5/12/97).
 
10/17/1994Regulation of Fuel Blending and Related Treatment and Storage Activities MemoPublication
 Description: This document addresses questions about the regulatory status of hazardous waste fuel blending activities, such as the permit requirements, appropriate unit standards, air emission standards, requirements for transfer facilities, and land disposal restrictions for generators and fuel blending facilities.
 
09/02/1994APPLICABILITY OF A PROPOSED HAZARDOUS WASTE REGULATION TO CERTAIN DOE RADIOACTIVE MIXED WASTESMemo
 Description: One or more safety devices that is vented directly to the atmosphere may be used on a container. A safety device should not be used for planned or routine venting, and must remain in a closed sealed position, except in an unplanned event (SUPERSEDED: see 59 FR 62896, 62903; December 6, 1994).
 
12/03/1991CONTROL DEVICES REQUIRED BY THE ORGANIC AIR EMISSION STANDARDMemo
 Description: Only the Subparts AA and BB standards apply to a control device that meets the definition of another regulated unit (e.g. incinerator). If the device also treats other wastestreams, the unit must comply with the applicable standards. EPA may impose additional requirements under its omnibus authority.
 
11/19/1990SELECTION OF NON-USEPA APPROVED METHODS FOR SUBPART X PERMITSMemo
 Description: The draeger tubes and supercritical fluid chromatography is an inappropriate test method for air emissions of 11 constituents from open burning/open detonation (OB/OD). The appropriate methods is found in SW-846, Ambient Air Test Methods Compendium, OAQPS, manufacturers, and NIOSH.
 
07/01/1990Hazardous Waste TSDF - Technical Guidance Document for RCRA Air Emission Standards for Process Vents and Equipment LeaksPublication
 Description: This document is designed to provide technical guidance for RCRA permit writers and reviewers to implement the process vent and equipment leak organic air emission standards for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs). This guidance document provides information needed to assess the applicability of the air standards for process vents and equipment leaks to TSDF emission sources and the conformance of emission controls to standard requirements. The document can also be used as a reference to train RCRA permit writers, reviewers, and applicants (hazardous waste TSDF owners and operators).
 
01/02/1988DRAINAGE WATER BENEATH LAND TREATMENT UNITS AT OIL REFINERIESMemo
 Description: Groundwater containing hazardous leachate from a land treatment unit is hazardous. Liners, ditches, and pipes are extensions of the land treatment unit for a no migration petition. A Part B demonstration does not replace a no migration petition. A RCRA facility investigation (RFI) does not replace an evaluation of air emissions in a no migration petition.
 
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