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EPA Issues Hawaii Toxics Inventory Data for 2010

Release Date: 01/05/2012
Contact Information: Dean Higuchi, 808-541-2711, higuchi.dean@epa.gov

(01/05/12) SAN FRANCISCO – Toxic chemicals managed, treated or released into the environment from facilities operating in Hawaii decreased in 2010 when compared to 2009, according to the latest data available from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The data comes from the EPA’s Toxics Release Inventory, commonly referred to as TRI. It’s one of the EPA’s largest publicly available databases, providing communities valuable information on more than 650 toxic chemicals that are managed or released by various industries. The chemical information in the inventory is calculated by industrial facilities and reported to the EPA, as required by Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act..

“Twenty-five years ago, Congress passed the law that gave communities the ‘Right-To-Know’ about potential toxic hazards in their area,” said Jared Blumenfeld, EPA’s Regional Administrator for the Pacific Southwest. “The annual toxics report helps residents and local governments make informed decisions, and by working together with businesses, they can reduce chemical use.”

Total releases include toxic chemicals discharged by facilities to air, water, land, and underground, and the amount transferred off-site for disposal. Pollution controls apply to many of the reported releases. Reporting facilities must comply with environmental standards set by local, state and federal agencies.

Release data alone are not sufficient to determine exposure or to calculate potential risks to human health and the environment. TRI data, in conjunction with other information, such as the toxicity of the chemical, the release medium (e.g., air), and site-specific conditions, may be used in evaluating exposures that may result from releases of toxic chemicals.

Hawaii Total Releases for Reporting Years 2008-2010
Year
Air
Water
On-site Land
Underground Injection
Off-Site Transfers
Total Releases
2008
2,277,988
549,838
3,471
169,076
245,151
3,245,524
2009
2,228,566
222,963
4,477
147,530
343,705
2,947,241
2010
1,739,249
452,359
2,603
171,221
130,173
2,495,605

Data from 2010 in Hawaii shows:

    In 2010, 37 facilities reported a total of 2.5 million pounds of toxic chemical releases.
    Hawaii’s total reported on-site and off-site releases decreased 15% (452 thousand pounds) when compared to 2009 data.
    Three fewer facilities reported this year
    In Hawaii, 95 thousand pounds of total (on-site and off-site) releases of PBT chemicals were reported. This is a decrease of 15 thousand pounds or 14%. Lead and lead compounds tops the list in 2010.

Annual Toxics Release Inventory reporting began in 1988 after the enactment of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986. The 25th anniversary of the act provides information to the public on annual toxic chemical releases reported by certain industrial and federal facilities. The TRI does not include data on toxic emissions from cars and trucks, nor from the majority of non-industrial sources, such as agriculture. In 2000, TRI expanded to include persistent bioaccumulative toxic chemicals, or PBTs, at ranges from 0.1 grams to 100 pounds. PBT pollutants are toxic chemicals that remain in the environment and food chain, posing risks to human health and ecosystems.

The top facilities in Hawaii for total on-site and off-site releases during 2010 of all chemicals (reported in pounds) are:

Name
City
County
Total
1
HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC CO INC KAHE GENERATING STATION
KAPOLEI
Honolulu
550,651
2
JOINT BASE PEARL HARBOR-HICKAM
PEARL HARBOR
Honolulu
420,761
3
CHEVRON PRODUCTS CO HAWAII REFINERY
KAPOLEI
Honolulu
271,569
4
HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC CO INC WAIAU GENERATING STATION
PEARL CITY
Honolulu
204,158
5
MAUI ELECTRIC CO LTD KAHULUI GENERATING STATION
KAHULUI
Maui
190,022
6
HAWAII ELECTRIC LIGHT CO INC HILL GENERATING STATION
HILO
Hawaii
140,028
7
AES HAWAII INC.
KAPOLEI
Honolulu
136,697
8
TESORO HAWAII REFINERY
KAPOLEI
Honolulu
103,701
9
US ARMY POHAKULOA TRAINING AREA-RANGE FACILITY
HILO
Hawaii
96,397
10
MAUI ELECTRIC CO LTD MAALAEA GENERATING STATION
KIHEI
Maui
84,199

TRI Explorer
TRI Explorer is a tool that you can use to see the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) data. It allows you to look at data by state, county, or zip code; by chemical; or by industry. It provides maps that you can click on to find TRI facilities, chemicals and industries in a particular area.

National TRI Findings:

The 2010 TRI data show that 3.93 billion pounds of toxic chemicals were released into the environment nationwide, a 16 percent increase from 2009. The increase is mainly due to changes in the metal mining sector, which typically involves large facilities handling large volumes of material. Several other sectors also reported increases in toxic releases in 2010, including the chemical and primary metals industries. Releases from electric utilities decreased between 2009 and 2010. Total air releases decreased 6 percent since 2009, continuing a trend seen over the past several years. Releases to surface water increased 9 percent and releases to land increased 28 percent since 2009, again due primarily to the metal mining sector.

EPA has improved this year’s TRI National Analysis report by adding new information on facility efforts to reduce pollution and by considering whether economic factors could have affected the TRI data. With this report and EPA’s Web-based TRI tools, citizens can access information about the toxic chemical disposals and releases into the air, water, and land that occur locally. Finally, EPA’s first mobile application for accessing TRI data, myRTK, is now available in Spanish, as are expanded Spanish translations of National Analysis documents and Web pages.
Please visit: http://www.epa.gov/tri/myrtk/spanish/index.htm

For more on the TRI program including additional city, county and facility information, please visit the EPA’s Web sites: http://www.epa.gov/tri, http://www.epa.gov/triexplorer and http://www.epa.gov/enviro.

State fact sheets are available at:
http://www.epa.gov/region09/toxic/tri/ and http://www.epa.gov/triexplorer/statefactsheet.htm.

For more information on the PBT Chemicals Program, please visit the EPA’s Web site at
http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/pbt

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